重庆大学网络教育学院《大学英语(3)》课程作业一二三答案

2022年4月821:40:30发布者:国开文档专家 1,126 views 举报

The top of the hill is ( ) , but the trees grow part way up its slope.

A、

empty

B、

vacant

C、

blank

D、

bare

If you ___ that late movie last night, you wouldn’t be sleepy now.

A、

hadn’t watched

B、

didn’t watch

C、

haven’t watched

D、

wouldn’t have watched

When ( ) the airport, she waved again and again to us.

A、

leaving

B、

left

C、

having left

D、

having been leaving

( ), I should like to thank all those who have worked so hard to bring about this result.

A、

To conclusion

B、

In conclusion

C、

To sum

D、

On sum

We are anxiously waiting for the ( ) of their discussion.

A、

income

B、

outcome

C、

input

D、

output

The company is ( ) steps to improve the bus service at night.

A、

going

B、

setting

C、

putting

D、

taking

You’d better not ____ every word in the dictionary while you are reading the articles.

A、

look for

B、

look out

C、

look alike

D、

look up

Smoking is so harmful to personal health that it killing ( ) people each year than automobile accidents.

A、

seven more times

B、

seven times more

C、

over seven times

D、

seven times

The reason for all the changes being made ( ) to us.

A、

explained

B、

had explained

C、

was explained

D、

were explained

There was so much noise that the speaker couldn't make himself______ .

A、

heard

B、

hearing

C、

hear

D、

to hear

A reply card is ____ with this invitation for your convenience.

A、

enclosed

B、

closed

C、

entered

D、

covered

A:Can you say something about Pop music in China? B: -- ( ).

A、

What is pop music?

B、

know that.

C、

I’ve never been to China.

D、

Yes, I’d like to.

( ) looking at the positive side of life, he always pays attention to the negative side,

A、

More than

B、

Except for

C、

Except

D、

Rather than

A: Could you tell me where you were studying at that time? B: ( ).

A、

Oh, really?

B、

Yes, I could.

C、

enjoyed the game very much.

D、

was studying at the University of Sydney

The Nile is one of the _____ rivers of Africa.

A、

principle

B、

princess

C、

principal

D、

province

You can’t imagine what she had gone ( ) before she made such great achievements.

A、

along

B、

around

C、

through

D、

by

We cannot expect him to continue these activities under such ( ) circumstances.

A、

favorate

B、

unfavorable

C、

favorable

D、

unfavorably

Distance education has changed my life from tragedy to ( ).

A、

traveling

B、

triumph

C、

transportation

D、

triangle

A: I enjoyed our conversation last week. B: ______.

A、

did too.

B、

Nice to see you again.

C、

Well, I am fine.

D、

That's a good idea.

A single technical term will frequently cover an idea that would otherwise () a long phrase or clause.

A、

call for

B、

make for

C、

 allow for

D、

 stand for

Women workers wear hats ( ) their hair gets caught in the machinery.

A、

before

B、

in that

C、

not that

D、

in case

When you tell him something he always does the opposite ( ) purpose

A、

for

B、

on

C、

to

D、

from

No more than twenty years passed ( ) laser was first invented.

A、

after

B、

since

C、

before

D、

when

He is ( ) a child. He should be allowed to make his own decision

A、

forever

B、

no longer

C、

absolutely

D、

exactly

- Mary, I am calling to tell you that I got the highest scores in the mid-term exam.

- _________.

A、

Good luck.

B、

Really?

C、

That's all right.

D、

Congratulations.

The passenger ( ) to the driver to stop the bus and let him get off.

A、

moved

B、

mentioned

C、

motioned

D、

motivated

When she found the steak was overcooked, she ___ to the waiter.

A、

motioned

B、

mentioned

C、

moved

D、

memorized

I’m( ) with the window open.

A、

sleep

B、

slept

C、

used to sleep

D、

used to sleeping

This furniture is different from ( ) .

A、

ones

B、

that

C、

that one

D、

the other

The number of errors ( ) surprising.

A、

will be

B、

were

C、

have been

D、

was

___ gifted a person is, he can hardly expect to make progress without hard work.

A、

Whatever

B、

Whenever

C、

However

D、

Although

( ) the cost, there is the question of your health to be considered.

A、

Except

B、

In that

C、

Despite

D、

Apart from

The explorer told the boys about his _____ in the Arctic.

A、

adventures

B、

investigation

C、

application

D、

improvement

I can’t ( ) her endless complaint noise a moment longer.

A、

endure

B、

hear

C、

share

D、

quarrel

Edward, ________ university student from Europe, teaches us ______art in his spare time.

A、

an, /

B、

an, an

C、

a, /

D、

an , the

Persian carpets are much dearer than ( ) from Japan.

A、

what

B、

those

C、

that

D、

them

He showed great ____ in pursuing the new learning.

A、

enthusiasm

B、

authority

C、

essence

D、

aggression

– Hello, I’m David Chen. Nice to meet you. -- ( )

A、

Are you?

B、

Nice to meet you too.

C、

Yes.

D、

Very nice.

My brother has just arrived, but I didn’t know he ( ) to see me until yesterday afternoon.

A、

come

B、

came

C、

was coming

D、

is coming

He didn’t go out to play ( ) he had finished his homework.

A、

until

B、

if

C、

since

D、

but

My leg has ( ) completely, I can take part in this year’s competition.

A、

appealed

B、

healed

C、

revealed

D、

concealed

You should complete in time ______ the teacher has told you to.

A、

that

B、

what

C、

which

D、

after

( ) the manager has arrived, we can begin.

A、

So that

B、

Such that

C、

Now that

D、

As that

Power station employ ( )water to produce electricity.

A、

drop

B、

dropping

C、

fallen

D、

falling

It was not a formal occasion, so we were asked to wear () clothes.

A、

regular

B、

informal

C、

 simple

D、

cheap

Western countries celebrate Christmas ( ) Chinese people celebrate Spring Festival.

A、

on the way

B、

in a way

C、

in ways

D、

on ways

I'll never know all that was in his mind,______.

A、

nor will anyone else either

B、

nor won't anyone else too

C、

nor anyone else will

D、

nor will anyone else

— Can I have a look at your passport? —_____.

A、

It is

B、

Here is it

C、

Here you are

D、

No, you can't

The great____ in the world today is whether there will be war or peace.

A、

problem

B、

difference

C、

issue

D、

tissue

issue

The university baseball team ( ) its main rivals(对手) in the first round of the competition.

A、

conquered

B、

ate

C、

fought

D、

mastered

The police announced that there will be an official ( ) into the mysterious death.

A、

inscription

B、

input

C、

inquiry

D、

irony

It’s hard to ( ) everything we did when we were young.

A、

remind

B、

remain

C、

recall

D、

reunion

We have a high regard for Prof. Joseph because he always____ his principles.

A、

lives on

B、

lives up to

C、

lives down

D、

lives with

After months of voyage, Columbus arrived in ____ later proved a new continent.

A、

where

B、

which

C、

what

D、

that

Before you leave for the weekend please ( ) the door.

A、

secure

B、

save

C、

guard

D、

protect

He bought a new suitcase, ( ) is very high.

A、

the price of which

B、

price of which

C、

which price

D、

the price

I held the little bird in my hand and felt its heart ( ).

A、

striking

B、

bumping

C、

knocking

D、

beating

You have been walking a long way, so _____ is a good rest.

A、

that you really need

B、

that you are really needed

C、

what you really need

D、

that you are really needing

Helen _____ her keys in the office so she had to wait until her husband ______ home.

A、

has left; comes

B、

left; had come

C、

had left; came

D、

had left; would come

had left; came

The development of information technology has begun to have profound ( ) on all aspects of social life.

A、

affects

B、

effects

C、

infects

D、

injects

Lisa has three ________.

A、

brother-in-law

B、

brothers-in-law

C、

brother-in-laws

D、

brothers-in-laws

I don’t like ______ you speak to her.

A、

the way

B、

the way in that

C、

the way of which

D、

the way which

the way

His grandfather ( ) peacefully this morning.

A、

passed by

B、

passed to

C、

passed off

D、

passed away

It is impossible to finish the task____.

A、

in such a short time

B、

in so a short time

C、

in such short a time

D、

in a so short time

in such a short time

-What happened to the dictionary?

-Many a page ______.

A、

is missing

B、

has been missed

C、

was missing

D、

are missing

The trouble _____ the car is that it has to be repaired every few days.

A、

to

B、

for

C、

in

D、

with

As the saying goes, all work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. So we should ____ work and play.

A、

keep a good balance between

B、

both

C、

better

D、

just

keep a good balance between

A man's worth lies not so much in _____ he has as in ______ he is.

A、

that; what

B、

what; what

C、

that; that

D、

what; that

If you want to gain people’s respect, be sure to _____ your promises.

A、

live through

B、

live up to

C、

live with

D、

live on

If I couldn''''t get a scholarship, I might get a job () to graduate school next semester.

A、

A instead go

B、

B instead going

C、

C instead to go

D、

D instead of going

When people come to a new land, they like to preserve their traditions and____ to their children.

A、

leave them behind

B、

hand them in

C、

pass them on

D、

send them back

— Don’t forget to come to my birthday party tomorrow.

— ________.

A、

I don’t

B、

I won’t

C、

I can’t

D、

I haven’t

Mar. Black is an outspoken man, he told us without____ of his disapproval of the plan.

A、

remaining

B、

preserve

C、

reserve

D、

reminding

reserve

Even if his letter____ tomorrow, it____ too late to do anything.

A、

will arrive...is

B、

should arrive...were

C、

arrives...will be

D、

arrives...would be

arrives...will be

He saw his friends ________ at the airport last Sunday.

A、

A. through

B、

off

C、

leave

D、

goodbye

off

Physics is the presentday equivalent of____ used to be called natural philosophy, from____ most of present day science arose.

A、

which...what

B、

that...which

C、

what...which

D、

what...that

what...which

The flight should take off at 10 p.m., but we____ had to wait until twelve.

A、

at last

B、

as a result

C、

in effect

D、

on purpose

The doctor told penny that too much _____ to the sun is bad for the skin.

A、

exposure

B、

addition

C、

emotion

D、

attention

I didn't know what to do but then an idea suddenly ____ to me.

A、

happened

B、

entered

C、

occurred

D、

hit

Because ________ bad weather we had to have our physical education class in the classroom.

A、

of

B、

it was

C、

of the

D、

the

She ________ his number in the phone book to make sure that she had got it right.

A、

looked up

B、

looked at

C、

picked out

D、

picked up

People today have to a great____ lost their ability to identify with what they do.

A、

point

B、

ratio

C、

extent

D、

rate

extent

He was so deep in love with that girl that he was willing to trade everything () her love.

A、

with

B、

to

C、

from

D、

for

Physics is the present day equivalent of____ used to be called natural philosophy, from____ most of present day science arose.

A、

which...what

B、

that...which

C、

what...which

D、

what...that

what...which

There was not much ____ in international affairs during those years.

A、

harmony

B、

maximum

C、

minimum

D、

hierarchy

I don’t want to come out now, and ( ), I’m expecting a phone call.

A、

besides

B、

therefore

C、

including

D、

likewise

The ( ) purpose of the 7-day vacations is to relax.

A、

commercial

B、

emotional

C、

essential

D、

proposal

We have a high regard for Prof. Joseph because he always____ his principles.

A、

lives on

B、

lives up to

C、

lives down

D、

lives with

lives up to

The teacher spoke loudly _______ the students could hear him clearly.

A、

so as

B、

that

C、

so that

D、

in order to

so that

It is necessary that the students____ more excercises to do.

A、

have

B、

must have

C、

will have

D、

can have

have

Sometimes we are asked ______ we think the likely result of an action will be.

A、

that

B、

what

C、

if

D、

whether

The college students have____ of using the library on campus.

A、

privilege

B、

materialism

C、

pronounce

D、

exception

The skyscraper stands out____ the blue sky.

A、

in

B、

against

C、

under

D、

beneath

Ever since humans have inhabited the earth, they have made use of various forms of communication. Generally, this expression of thoughts and feelings has been in the form of oral speech. When there is a language barrier, communication is accomplished through sign language in which motions stand for letters, words, and ideas. Tourists, the deaf, and the mute have had to resort to this form of expression. Many of these symbols of whole words are very picturesque and exact and can be used internationally, spelling, however, cannot. Body language transmits ideas or thoughts by certain actions, either intentionally or unintentionally. A wink can be a way of flirting or indicating that the party is only joking. A nod signifies approval, while shaking the head indicates a negative reaction. Other forms of nonlinguistic language can be found in Braille (a system of raised dots read with the fingertips), signal flags, Morse code, and smoke signals. Road maps and picture signs also guide, warm, and instruct people.While verbalization is most common form of language, other systems and techniques also express human thoughts and feelings.

1).

Which form other than oral speech would be most commonly used among blind people? ( )

A、

Picture signs.

B、

Braille.

C、

Body language.

D、

Signal flags.

2).

Which of the following statements is not true according to the passage? ( )

A、

There are many forms of communication in existence today.

B、

Verbalization is the most common form of communication.

C、

The deaf and mute do not need sign language for communication.

D、

Ideas and thoughts can be transmitted by language.

3).

Which of the following best summarizes this passage?

A、

When language is a barrier, people will find other forms of communication.

B、

Everybody uses only one form of communication.

C、

Nonlinguistic language is invaluable to foreigners.

D、

Although other forms of communication exist, verbalization is the fastest.

4).

How many different forms of communication are mentioned here? ( )

A、

2 — 4

B、

5 — 7

C、

8 — 10

D、

Over 10

5).

Sign language is said to be very picturesque and exact and can be used internationally as it doesn't represent ( )

A、

spellings

B、

whole words

C、

ideas

D、

feelings

How can English teachers accelerate the language learning of their students? One way is to teach students how to learn more effectively and efficiently. Learning strategies are "Procedures or techniques that learners can use to facilitate a learning task." Instructing students of English in learning strategies can help them become better learners. In addition, skill in using learning strategies assists students in becoming independent, confident learners. Finally, students become more motivated as they begin to understand the relationship between their use of strategies and success in learning English. Students need to develop an awareness of the learning process and strategies that lead to success. Students who reflect on their own thinking are more likely to engage in planning how to proceed with a learning task, monitoring their own performance on an ongoing basis, finding solutions to problems encountered, and evaluating themselves upon task completion. These activities may be diff

1).Teachers should encourage students to rely more on ______.

A、

books

B、

notes

C、

tutors

D、

themselves

2).Students who reflect on their own ______ will be more successful in learning.

A、

thinking

B、

evaluation

C、

performance

D、

activities

3).Better learning strategies can make language learning more( ).

A、

fun

B、

interesting

C、

efficient

D、

exciting

4).Learning strategies are unobservable mental processes, so teachers should make them ______.

A、

simpler

B、

more familiar

C、

more concrete

D、

more applicable

 

5).Which of the following statements is true? ( )

A、

Students learn learning strategies from the teachers only.

B、

Learning strategies are completely unobservable.

C、

Students need to explore new learning strategies for themselves.

D、

Teachers are the sole judges of students’ progress.

Get some sleep, or you will be ( ) tomorrow.

A、

bored

B、

tired

C、

excited

D、

overslept

It's my advice that she ___ right now, or she might be late for the plane.

A、

start

B、

starts

C、

would start

D、

will start

It is ___ of Beijing to have such hot weather in July.

A、

trial

B、

typical

C、

tropical

D、

tradition

Bill Gates, the head of the world’s biggest computer software company, the Microsoft Corporation, has a mission: “to put a computer on every office desk and in every home”. Bill Gates has had this mission since he was a university student years ago. This deep personal interest, together with his technical skills and his business marketing skills helped him to create a giant computer company and to make him wealthy.

Although he is so wealthy, Bill Gates does not want to give up. He is still very interested in his vision and he travels the globe, making quick stops in cities to sell the new software products of his company.

The central vision of Bill Gates is the “information highway”. This is a network for computers that will link every home, office and shop in the future. This computer network system will have an effect on business, shopping and education. Bill Gates says that the main use of this new technology will be in communication. It will be a way to find people with common interests and to share opinions with them.

But is this communication by computer along the “information highway” really a good thing? Won’t we be sitting at home, only “socializing” with our computer, paying big companies money so that we can receive information that some large communication corporation somewhere had decided is “acceptable” for us to read? No, says Bill Gates, he thinks that the phrase “information highway” is a terrible phrase. It makes people think that we are all going down the same road, he says. In fact, the computer network will let us choose our own intellectual direction. It will give us freedom. It will also bring good to society, because it will allow for the spread of education. When more and more people receive education, the gap between the rich and the poor will narrow.

In the meantime, however, the gap between the rich and the poor is still there. To be added to this now is the gap between those with computers and those without.

1).

The best title for this passage is probably _________

A、

Bill Gates, his Vision and

B、

Computer and Information

C、

Advantages of the Computer Network

D、

One of the World’s Computer Giants

2).

The “information highway” will mainly be used _______

A、

in human communication

B、

to help link every home, office and shop

C、

in business, shopping and education

D、

to narrow the gap between the rich and the poor

3).

The word “vision” ( para.3) probably means________.

A、

Sight

B、

idea

C、

effort

D、

daydream

4).

Ever since he was a college student, Bill Gates has ________.

A、

become very interested in the computer

B、

set up a goal to popularize the computer

C、

discovered great potentials in computer business

D、

dreamed of having a giant computer company

5).

Bill Gates’ success depends on the following except__________

A、

his vision and his travel over the globe

B、

his technical skills and business marketing skills

C、

his deep personal interest in developing computer science

D、

his strong desire to make big money

Long ago men learned that the world of nature is built with mathematical exactness according to refined and powerful laws: every bee strokes its wings exactly 440 times second to propel itself forty miles an hour; the eye of every fly has exactly 7000 lenses; every spider's thread is composed of 300 single threads. The progress of civilization itself! can be measured by its range :mathematics. The early Egyptians knew enough of geometry to build the pyramids and the Greeks used trigonometry to measure the circumference of the earth two thousand years before Columb is sailed. European civilization combined geometry and trigonometry with the decimal system of the Arabs to produce the maps with which they explored the known world. In a later century, mathematicians studied the pendulum of the newly invented clock and created the language of calculus ( 微积分 ) to measure motion. The yardstick of measurement today m

1).

The progress of civilization can be measured by ______

A、

the range of man’s mathematics

B、

man’s desire to define nature^ laws

C、

the skill with which man has applied mathematics

D、

man’s success in defining natural laws

2).

This selection discusses mathematics chiefly as a ______.

A、

means of expressing ideas

B、

recent development

C、

research tool

D、

means of measurement

3).

Implied but not slated______.

A、

The world of nature i-s built with mathematical exactness.

B、

Progress in civilization demands even better mathematical tools.

C、

In ancient times there was little need for mathematics.

D、

Man must still develop a yardstick of measurement that will cover light year

4).

The selection says that mathematical exactness is the basis of______

A、

the man—made world

B、

the laws of the universe

C、

the world of nature

D、

both B and C

5).

To solve the problems of space navigation, man must have ______.

A、

a new type of clock

B、

machine calculators

C、

an even greater range of mathematic

D、

a universal language

假定你是李华,向在你校学习的美国交换生Adam借了一本英文小说,但不慎丢失,一时又买不到。请给他写电子邮件,说明情况。要点包括:

1. 表示歉意;

2. 说明物品丢失的经过;

3. 提出可能的解决方案。

注意:

1. 词数100左右;

2. 可适当增加细节使行文连贯;

3. 开头和结尾已经给出,不计入总词数。

Dear Adam,

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

假设你是李华,你的美国笔友Linda来信说她家搬到了一个新城市,她几乎没有朋友,每天除了上课就是在家上网,感觉很孤独。请你给她写一封信,劝她多结交朋友,参加社会活动。

我们大家都同情她。(sympathy)

 

 

爸爸现在非常注意他的体重。(pay attention to)

 

我以为她明天回来,可事实上她今天就回来了。

我无法决定买哪件衣服,我两件都喜欢。

说实话,我不喜欢你所说的。

我们在学校里读书,同时也做一些兼职,到商店或公司打工。

他的意见在同事中很有影响。

旅客们必须在飞机起飞前一小时到机场办理登机手续。

你得了解你的市场并且帮助市场形成。

只有在知道主人喝酒的情况下,你才能送给他一瓶酒。(only when)

 

女店员用彩纸把礼物包好。(wrap)

 

Write a composition of about 100 words on "How Did You Feel at the End of Your First Day as a College Student?" You may begin your composition with "I was tired after a long overnight train ride when I arrived."

他一出场,所有的观众都站起来了。

学生们常常靠做家教挣点钱。(work as; earn)

 

他把房子的轮廓画在纸上。

大城市汽车很多,严重污染了空气。(pollute)

 

在拜访外教时,你可以送给他一件文化小礼品。(present)

 

 

我们应当勇敢地承担起对地球的责任。

他描述了他的所见所闻。

对于年轻人来说,教育很重要。(count)

 

不在这样的雨天出门是个好主意。

这就是我不去参加会议的原因。

德国绝大多数职业学校不收学费。(majority, charge)

 

动画片给人们带来娱乐。

米老鼠是我最喜欢的动画人物。

他说的话很不一般。

老师想让全班同学投票选举新一任班长。

除了那些书,我还买了一本词典。

你打破了玻璃想不赔偿而一走了之吗?

他从来都保不住自己的工作。

除夕之夜,家人们会团聚在一起吃年夜饭。(family reunion dinner; be supposed to)

 

我们应立即采取措施防止环境进一步恶化。

由于地面有雾,班机推迟一刻钟。

他的一番话伤了朋友的感情。(hurt)

 

 

 

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on Renting an Apartment off Campus. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

1. 现在大学生在校外租房的现象很普遍

2. 这种现象产生的原因

3. 我的看法

Directions: In this section, you are asked to write a composition with the title “The Biggest Dream of My Life.” You should write at least 120 words and cover the following points.

1. What is your biggest dream?

2. Why do you have it? For how long have you got it?

3. What are your plans to achieve your dream?

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition titled Private Cars and Public Transport. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese.

1.私家车的优势

2.公共交通的优点

3.你更倾向于选择何种出行方式

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition titled To Clone Or Not to Clone. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese.

1. 对人进行克隆(Human Cloning)是一个具有争议的话题;

2. 有人认为克隆技术应该用来满足人类的一切需求;另一些人认为克隆人类是违反自然规律的,应该禁止。

3. 你对克隆人类的看法。

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition titled Opportunity and Success. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese.

1. 机遇的偶然性;

2. 机遇和成功的关系;

3. 上帝只会帮助有准备的人。

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition titled Lifelong Learning. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese. </p>

1. 终生教育是必要的;

2. 人们继续学习是为了…

3. 继续学习的途径有很多,其中包括……

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on Certificate Mania. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words. 1. 描述大学生忙于报考各种证书的现象; 2. 陈述这种现象产生的原因; 3. 阐述考证热的影响,并简述你的观点。

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition titled Never Too Old to Learn. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese.

1. 什么是“活到老学到老”;

2. 举例说明“活到老学到老”的意义;

3. 作为大学生,我应该怎样做。

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled How Should Parents Help Children to Be Independent? You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below.

1. 目前不少父母为孩子包办一切

2. 为了让孩子独立, 父母应该……3. 总结

Directions: Write a composition entitled Campus Activities. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:

1. 校园活动多种多样

2. 参加校园活动的好处

3. 参加校园活动过多的坏处

4. 结论

The next step is to know what you should do.

You are too romantic about your future husband; such a man does not exist in real life.

She attributed his failure to lack of experience.

It looks as if it will rain before long.

The root helps the tree take in water from the soil.

The company has successfully expanded its market.

This area has been badly destroyed in the earthquake.

There is nothing more natural than a child’s belief in his parents.

The earthquakes leave scars in the earth’s crust.

The guide conducted us around the ruins of the ancient city.

Churches are usually built in the form of a cross.

He published a series of works in rapid succession.

Her wide scope of knowledge amazes me.

I was unfortunate to be caught in the rain on my way home.

On top of the bridge there are four lifelike stone lions.

You can give the host a bottle of wine as a gift only when you know that the host drinks wine.

Can you speak either English or French?

The living are more important to us than the dead.

He has a very adult manner although he’s only 12.

Visitors can book a time slot a week or more in advance.

Because of lacking experience, he often rose to the fly.

Don’t idealize the life abroad, or you will feel disappointed.

This measure is suited to some localities, but not to others.

The result is not important; what is important is whether you have done your best.

His overseas experiences gave him the idea for his novel.

Although the ecological environment was becoming better, the problems were still serious.

It’s best to avoid going out in the strong midday sun.

A crowd of fans surrounded the singer to get his autograph.

Our estimate of how many people would show up at the party missed by a mile.

His bad health is a great disadvantage to him when he looks for a job.

You should take advantage of this chance of a lifetime.

In short, you should study hard for a better future.

He lost his balance and fell over.

You must learn to balance (yourself) when you ride a bicycle.

His bad health is a great disadvantage tohim when he looks for a job.

Her wide scope of knowledge amazes me.

It’s best to avoid going out in the strong middaysun.

Besides meat and fruits, we also needvegetables.

Don’t idealize the life abroad, oryou will feel disappointed.

I have a friend who never exercises unlessshe’straining for a marathon.

The living are more important to us thanthe dead.

If he can combine his ability with hardwork, he should be very successful.

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on Self-employment of College Graduates. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

1. 目前就业困难

2. 大学生自主创业是一种解决方案

3. 我的看法

他说的话很不一般。

我们应当勇敢地承担起对地球的责任。

说实话,我不喜欢你所说的。

学生们常常靠做家教挣点钱。(work as; earn)

 

你打破了玻璃想不赔偿而一走了之吗?

我不敢把她儿子死于车祸的真相告诉她。

女店员用彩纸把礼物包好。(wrap)

 

就我们所知,地球是人类可以居住的唯一星球。(as far as)

 

In ancient times the most important examinations were spoken, not written. In the schools of ancient Greece and Rome, testing usually consisted of reading poetry aloud or giving speeches.
In the European universities of the Middle Ages, students who were working for advanced degrees had to discuss questions in their field of study with people who had made a special study of the subject. This custom exists today as part of the process of testing candidates for the doctor's degree.
Generally, however, modern examinations are written. The written examination, where all students are tested on the same question, was probably not known until the nineteenth century. Perhaps it came into existence with the great increase in population and the development of modern industry. A room full of candidates for a state examination, timed exactly by electric clocks and carefully watched over by managers, resembles a group of workers at an automobile factory. Generally, during examinations teachers and students are expected to act like machines.
One type of test is sometimes called an "objective" test. It is intended to deal with facts, not personal opinions. To make up an objective test the teacher writes a series of questions, each of which has only one correct answer. (8) Along with each question the teacher writes the correct answer and also three statements that look like correct answers to students who have not learned the material properly.

1).

In the Middle Ages students _______.

A、

took objective tests

B、

were timed by clocks

C、

specialized in one subject

D、

never wrote exams

2).

The main idea of paragraph 2 is ______.

A、

workers now take examinations

B、

the population has grown

C、

there are only written exams today

D、

examinations are now written and timed

3).

The kind of exam where students must select answers is ______.

A、

personal

B、

objective

C、

spoken

D、

written

4).

Modern industry must have developed ______.

A、

before the Middle Ages

B、

in Greece or Rome

C、

around the 19th century

D、

machines to take tests

5).

It may be concluded that testing ______.

A、

should test only opinions

B、

should always be written

C、

has changed since the Middle Ages

D、

is given only in factories

1).

In the Middle Ages students _______.

A、

took objective tests

B、

were timed by clocks

C、

specialized in one subject

D、

never wrote exams

How can a single postage stamp be worth $16 800? Any mistake made in the printing of a stamp raises its value to stamp collectors. A mistake on one inexpensive postage stamp has made the stamp worth a million and a half times its original value. The mistake was made more than a hundred years ago in the British colony Mauritius , a small island in the Indian Ocean. In 1847 an order for stamps was sent to a London printer – Mauritius was to become the fourth country in the world to issue stamps. Before the order was filled and delivered, a ball was planned at Mauritius ’ Government House, and stamps were needed to send out the invitations. A local printer was instructed to copy the design for the stamps. He accidentally marked the words " Post Office" instead of " Post Paid" on the several hundred stamps that he printed.
Today there are only twenty-six of these misprinted stamps left—fourteen One-Penny Orange-Reds and twelve Two-Penny Blues. Because of the Two-Penny Blue's rareness and age, collectors have paid as much as $ 16800 for it.

1).

A postage stamp’s value to collectors is raised if _____.

A、

there are few others like it

B、

there are no errors on the stamps

C、

a mistake is made in the printing

D、

both A and C

2).

The mistake in the locally printed postage stamps was in the ____.

A、

price

B、

wording

C、

color

D、

spelling of postage

3).

$16 800 is the collector’s value of ____.

A、

the One Penny Orange – Red

B、

a correctly printed 1847 stamp

C、

the Twopenny Blue

D、

both A and C

4).

Which one is implied but not stated?

A、

All correctly printed stamps are worthless.

B、

Mauritians needed the stamps to send out invitations to a ball.

C、

The printer was punished for his mistake.

D、

Collectors are constantly looking for stamps with mistakes.

5).

The best title for this section is ____.

A、

The “Post Paid” Error

B、

The Twopenny Blue

C、

A London Printer’s Error

D、

How Mauritius Became Famous

1).

A postage stamp’s value to collectors is raised if _____.

A、

there are few others like it

B、

there are no errors on the stamps

C、

a mistake is made in the printing

D、

both A and C

In the United States, 30 percent of the adult population has a "weight problem". To many people, the cause is obvious: we eat too much. But scientific evidence does little to support this idea. Going back to the America of 1910, we find that people were leaner than today, yet they ate more food. In those days people worked harder physically, walked more, used machines much less, and didn't watch TV.

Several modern studies, moreover, have shown that fatter people do not eat more on average than thinner people. In fact, some investigations, such as a 1979 study of 3, 545 London office workers, report that, on balance, fat people eat less than slimmer people.

Studies show that slim people are more active than fat people. A study by a research group at Stanford University found the following interesting fact:

The more the man ran, the greater loss of body fat.

The more they ran, the greater their increase in food intake.

Thus, those who ran the most ate the most, yet lost the greatest amount of body fat.

1).

What kind of physical problem do many adult Americans have?____

A、

They are too slim.

B、

They work too hard.

C、

They are too fat.

D、

They lost too much body fat.

2).

Based upon the statistics given in the article, suppose there are 500 adult Americans, about how many of them will have a "weight problem"?____

A、

30.

B、

50.

C、

100.

D、

150.

3).

Is there scientific evidence to support that eating too much is the cause of a "weight problem"?____

A、

Yes, there is plenty of evidence.

B、

Of course, there is some evidence to show this is true.

C、

There is hardly any scientific evidence to support this.

D、

We don't know because the information is not given

4).

In comparison with the adult American population today, the Americans of ____.

A、

ate more food and had more physical activities

B、

ate less food but had more activities

C、

ate less food and had less physical exercise

D、

had more weight problems

5).

What have modern medical and scientific researches reported to us?____

A、

Fat people eat less food and are less active.

B、

Fat people eat more food than slim people and are more active.

C、

Fat people eat more food than slim people but are less active.

D、

Thin people run less, but have greater increase in food intake.

1).

What kind of physical problem do many adult Americans have?____

A、

They are too slim.

B、

They work too hard.

C、

They are too fat.

D、

They lost too much body fat.


Motor vehicles powered by the internal combustion engines are responsible for over 80 percent of the deadly carbon monoxide as well as the cancer-causing substances in the air. Eighty-nine percent of the vehicles on the road in Massachusetts are privately owned and are often operated with only one person in the car. If people would use public transportation instead of their cars, air pollution levels could be significantly lowered. Thirty percent of the land in downtown Boston is devoted to cars. Where there are garages, there could be gardens. Where there are highways, there should be homes and places to work and play. Studies show that people today show a greater hearing loss with age than ever before. Much of this is due to car-horns, loud engines and general traffic noise.
The cost of a personal car is high to the individual. The average person pays about $2,000 per car per year in gasoline, insurance, taxes, and maintenance. But for society as a whole, personal cars are a luxury we cannot afford. We pay in death from auto accidents, in poor health from air pollution, in loss of hearing from noise pollution, and in the destruction of our cities by the ever-increasing number of highways.

1).

It is ____ that are the main cause of the air pollution in .

A、

vehicles in general

B、

the public transportation systems

C、

carbon monoxides

D、

personal motor vehicles

2).

It is implied but not stated that ______.

A、

garages, highways and parking areas occupy nearly one third of the total downtown area.

B、

because of highways, people inhave no more homes and places to live, work and play.

C、

C garages have replaced most of the gardens in

D、

is the most seriously polluted city in the

3).

According to the last paragraph, ______.

A、

the cost of personal cars is high to the individuals but not to the society

B、

an average car costs about $

C、

personal cars are so expensive that most people cannot afford

D、

society as a whole suffers much from the ever-increasing number of cars

4).

The writer’s purpose in writing this article is to _____.

A、

remind people of the danger of air pollution

B、

warn people of the danger of accidents

C、

urge people to use private cars as less as possible

D、

ask the government to build more homes and gardens

5).

The best title for this passage is “ ______.”

A、

Air Pollution in

B、

More Homes, More Plays for People

C、

Cars Are Too Expensive

D、

Public Transportation, A Solution to Air Pollution

1).

It is ____ that are the main cause of the air pollution in .

A、

vehicles in general

B、

the public transportation systems

C、

carbon monoxides

D、

personal motor vehicles

Moscow, Russia (Space news) ——"The computer is a better chess player, insisted Viktor Prozorov, the loser. It seemed as if it were laughing after every good move. I know I should have beaten it for the sake of mankind (人类), but I just couldn't win", he announced and shook his head sadly. Prozorovs disappointment was shared by several grand masters who were present, some of whomwere so upset that they shouted at the machine. Many chess players said that this meant the end of chess championships (冠军) around the world, since the fun had been taken out of the game. The computer walked——or rather——rolled away with 5 000 dollars in prize money and limited its remarks to a set of noises and lights.

1).

Which of the following best gives the main idea of this newspaper article? ( )

A、

5 000 dollars goes to a computer!

B、

New invention : a laughing computer!

C、

World''s best chess player beaten!

D、

Computer defeats man in chess!

2).

How did some of the grand masters feel about the chess game between Prozorov and the computer? ( )

A、


They thought that the game was not fun.

B、

They thought that the game wasn''t fair.

C、

They agreed that Prozorov didn''t play well.

D、

They were unhappy that the cProzoro didn''t play well.

3).

What was it that Prozorov felt most bitter ( 痛苦 ) about? ( )

A、

That he didn''t win the $5 000.

B、

That he hadn''t tried his best.

C、

That he had lost to a machine.

D、

That this was the end of the chess game.

4).

After wining the game, the computer( )

A、

laughed

B、

walked away

C、

made some remarks

D、

gave out some lights and sounds

5).

Many chess players felt that playing with a computer would( )

A、

make the game tougher

B、

make the game less interesting

C、

make man appear foolish

D、

make man lose lots of money

1).

Which of the following best gives the main idea of this newspaper article? ( )

A、

5 000 dollars goes to a computer!

B、

New invention : a laughing computer!

C、

World''s best chess player beaten!

D、

Computer defeats man in chess!

Under normal conditions, the act of communication requires the presence of at least two persons: one who sends and one who receives the communication. In order to communicate thoughts and feelings, there must be a conventional system of signs or symbols that mean the same to the sender and the receiver.

The means of communication are too numerous and varied for systematic classification; therefore, the analysis must begin with the means of receiving communication. Reception of communication is achieved by our senses. Sight, hearing, and touching seem to play the most important roles. Smell and taste play very limited roles, for they cannot receive intellectual expression from fully developed systems of sings and symbols.

Examples of visual communication are gesture and imitation. Although both frequently accompany speech, there are systems that rely solely on sight, such as those used by deaf, and dumb persons. Another means of communicating visually is by signals of fire, smoke, flags, or flashing light. Feelings may be simply communicated by touch, such as by handshaking or backslapping, although a highly developed system of hand-stroking has enabled blind, deaf, and dumb persons to communicate intelligently. Whistling to someone, applauding in a theater, and other forms of communication by sound rely upon the ear as a receiver. The most fully developed form of auditory communication is, of course, the spoken language.

The means of communication mentioned so far have two features in common: they last only a short time, and the persons involved must be relatively close to each other. Therefore, all are restricted in time and space.

1).

Reception of communication______ .

A、

is more important than sending messages

B、

depends on two persons

C、

involves use of the senses

D、

play only limited roles

2).

Applauding is specifically mentioned as an example of ______.

A、

communication by sound

B、

gesture and imitation

C、

communication by sending a message

D、

communication between the listener and speaker

3).

Persons who cannot see, hear, or speak are able to communicate through ______.

A、

gesturing

B、

handshaking

C、

smelling

D、

hand-stroking

4).

The author specifically mentions that speech is______

A、

often used when other means are impossible

B、

necessary for normal communication

C、

the only highly developed system of communication

D、

the most developed form of communication based on hearing

5).

According to the passage, means of communication _________

A、

can develop quickly if there is enough time and space

B、

all have the same features

C、

have some limitations even if they are fully developed

D、

depend on the persons involved

1).

Reception of communication______ .

A、

is more important than sending messages

B、

depends on two persons

C、

involves use of the senses

D、

play only limited roles

Prehistoric men and women enjoyed a more varied diet than people do now, since they ate species of plant and several hundreds thousands types of living things. But only a tiny percentage of these were ever domesticated. Modern shops have hastened a trend towards specialization which began in the earliest days of agriculture. The food of the rich countries has become cheaper relative to wages. It is speedily distributed in supermarkets. But the choice annually becomes less and less great. Even individual foods themselves become more standardized. We live in the world of carrot specially blunted in order to avoid making a hole in the bag, and the tomato grown to meet a demand for a standard weight of weighting tomatoes to a kilo. Siri von Reis asks: "Only the three major cereals (谷物类食物) and perhaps ten other widely cultivated species stand between famine and survival for the world's human population and a handful of drug plants has served Western civilization for several thousand years. A rather obvious question arises: Are we missing something?" After all, there are 800 000 species of plant on earth.

1).

In prehistoric times people____.

A、

ate much more than we do today

B、

lived mainly on plant food

C、

had a wide-ranging diet

D、

were more fussy about what they ate

2).

Most of us have come to expect____.

A、

no variation in our diet

B、

a reduction in food supplies

C、

a specialist diet

D、

food conforming to a set standard

3).

The specialization of food was started by____.

A、

the emergence of supermarkets

B、

the rise of agriculture

C、

the rich countries

D、

the modern shops

4).

According to the passage, people in the West today survive on____.

A、

carrots and tomatoes

B、

several thousand types of plants and cereals

C、

a very small number of cultivated foods

D、

special species planted one thousand years ago

5).

The conclusion seems to be that we____.

A、

could make use of more natural species

B、

don't cultivate the right kind of food

C、

produce more food than we need

D、

cultivate too many different species

1).

In prehistoric times people____.

A、

ate much more than we do today

B、

lived mainly on plant food

C、

had a wide-ranging diet

D、

were more fussy about what they ate

Most animals have little connection with animals of different kind, unless they hunt them for food. Sometimes, however, two kinds of animals come together in a partnership ( 伙伴关系 ) which does good to both of them. You may have noticed some birds sitting on the backs of sheep. This is not because they want a ride, but because they find easy food in the parasites (寄生虫 ) on sheep. The sheep allow the birds to do so because they remove the cause of discomfort. So although they can manage without each other, they do better together.

Sometimes an animal has a plant partner. The relationship develops until the two partners cannot manage without each other. This is so in the corals ( 珊瑚 ) of the sea. In their skins they have tiny plants act as "dustman", taking some of the waste products form the corals and giving in return oxygen which the animal needs to breathe. If the plants are killed, or are ever prevented from lighting so that they cannot live normally, the corals will die.

1).

Some birds like to sit on a sheep because ( ).

A、

they can eat its parasites

B、

they depend on the sheep for existence

C、

they enjoy traveling with the sheep

D、

they find the position most comfortable

2).

The underlined word "they" in the last sentence of the first paragraph refers to ( ).

A、

birds and parasites

B、

birds and sheep

C、

parasites and sheep

D、

sheep, birds and parasites

3).

What does the second paragraph mainly discuss? ( )

A、

Some animals and plants depend on each other for existence.

B、

Some animals and plants develop their relationship easily.

C、

Some plants depend on each other for foo

D、

Some animals live better together.

4).

What does this article talk about? ( )

A、

Two kinds of animals for a partnership.

B、

Most animals only have connection with animals.

C、

The connection between the living things.

D、

Corals have some connection with plants.

1).

Some birds like to sit on a sheep because ( ).

A、

they can eat its parasites

B、

they depend on the sheep for existence

C、

they enjoy traveling with the sheep

D、

they find the position most comfortable

Learning how to write is like taking a course in public speaking. I’ d ask whether anyone in class had ever taken such a course. Invariably a few hands would go up.
“What did you learn in that course?” I’d ask.
“Well, the main thing was learning how to face an audience ... not to be inhibited( 拘谨 )... not to be nervous
Exactly, when you take a course in public speaking nowadays, you don’ t hear much about grammar and vocabulary. Instead, you’ re taught how not to be afraid or embarrassed, how to speak without a prepared script, how to read out to the live audience before you. Public speaking is a matter of overcoming your long-standing nervous inhibitions.
The same is true of writing. The point of the whole thing is to overcome your nervous inhibitions, to break through the invisible barrier that separates you from the person who’ ll read what you wrote. You must learn to sit in front of your typewriter or dictating machine and read out to the person at the other end of the line.
Of course, in public speaking, with the audience right in front of you, the problem is easier. You can look at them and talk to them directly. In writing, you’ re alone. It needs an effort of your experience or imagination to take hold of that other person and talk to him or her. But that effort is necessary -- or at least it’ s necessary until you’ve reached the point when you quite naturally and unconsciously “talk on paper


1).

The topic of the passage is ________.

A、

how to be a good writer

B、

how to be a good speaker

C、

how to express yourself with your words

D、

how to get rid of nervousness in public speaking

2).

The public speech course mainly teaches students ______

A、

how to make an attractive speech using perfect grammar and vocabulary

B、

how to express themselves exactly and vividly

C、

how to collect data needed and organize it

D、

how to get over their nervousness when making a speech

3).

The similarity between making a public speech and writing is that _______

A、

you have to do a lot of preparation work beforehand

B、

you should get over your nervous inhibitions

C、

you should know grammar and vocabulary well to accomplish them

D、

both of them have audience

4).

In the opinion of the author, public speaking is much easier than writing because _______

A、

public speaking requires less effort than writing

B、

it’ s unnecessary for you to write a lot for speech and you can say anything as you like

C、

you face the audience directly in public speaking; while writing is otherwise

D、

in public speaking, the audience have to listen to you whether they like it or not

5).

The author of this passage probably is a ________

A、

boss

B、

politician

C、

writer

D、

professor

1).

The topic of the passage is ________.

A、

how to be a good writer

B、

how to be a good speaker

C、

how to express yourself with your words

D、

how to get rid of nervousness in public speaking

"The pen is more powerful than the sword (剑)." There have been many writers who used their pens to fight things that were wrong. Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe was one of them. She was born in the USA in 1811. One of her books not only made her famous but has been described as one that excited the world, and was helpful in causing a civil war and freezing the slaves. The civil war was the American Civil War of 1861, in which the Northern States fought the Southern States and finally won. This book was named "Uncle Toms Cabin". There was time when every English-speaking man, woman, and child has read this novel that did so much to stop slavery. Not many people read it today, but it is still very interesting. The book has shown us how a warm-hearted writer can arouse (唤起) peoples sympathies (同情). The writer herself had neither been to the Southern States nor been a slave. The Southern Americans were very angry at the novel, which they said did not at all represent (代表) true state of affairs,but the Northern Americans were wildly excited over it, and were so inspired by it that they were ready to go to war to let the slaves free.

1).

According to the passage ( ).

A、

every English-speaking person had read "Uncle Tom's Cabin"

B、

"Uncle Tom's Cabin" was not very interesting

C、

those who don''t speak English can not have read "Uncle Tom's Cabin"

D、

the book "Uncle Tom's Cabin" did a great deal in the American Civil War

2).

How old was Mrs. Stowe when her world famous book was published? ( )

A、

About 60 years old.

B、

Over 50 years old.

C、

In her forties.

D、

Around 30 years old.

3).

What do you learn about Mrs. Stowe from the passage? ( )

A、

She had been living in the north of America before the American Civil War.

B、

She herself encouraged the northern Americans to go to war and set the slaves free.

C、

She was better as writing as using a sword.

D、

She had once been a slave.

4).

Why could Mrs. Stowe's book cause a civil war in America? ( )

A、

She wrote so well that Americans loved her very much.

B、

She disclosed (揭露) the terrible wrongs that had been done to the slaves in the Southern States.

C、

The Southern Americans hated the book while the Northern Americans like it.

D、

The book had been read by many Americans.

5).

What can we learn from the passage? ( )

A、

We needn't use weapons (武器) to fight things that are wrong.

B、

writer is more helpful in a war than a soldier.

C、

We must understand the importance of literature and art.

D、

No war can be won without such a book as "Uncle Tom's Cabin".

1).

According to the passage ( ).

A、

every English-speaking person had read "Uncle Tom's Cabin"

B、

"Uncle Tom's Cabin" was not very interesting

C、

those who don''t speak English can not have read "Uncle Tom's Cabin"

D、

the book "Uncle Tom's Cabin" did a great deal in the American Civil War

On Thursday August 14th, a massive power failure switched off lights and shut down factories across a large area of the north-eastern United States and southern Canada. The outcome affected some of the world's biggest and busiest cities, including New York, Detroit, Cleveland and Toronto, leaving up to 60m people without electricity, equivalent to the entire population of France or Britain.
So severe was the disruption (破坏) in New York State that its governor, George Pataki, declared a state of emergency. Confused workers spilled on to the streets, while thousands more were trapped for hours in lifts and hot, crowded subway trains. Lots of stranded (进退两难的) people ended up spending Thursday night on New York's streets. Thieves in Brooklyn in New York, and in Canada's capital, Ottawa, took advantage of the absence of streetlights and burglar alarms, and went on a looting spree (疯狂抢掠). Officials were taken aback by the speed at which the chaos unfolded. President George Bush described the incident as a "massive national problem" and promised a full investigation into what caused it.
That is still a matter of some debate. At first, naturally, there were fears of terrorist involvement, but this was quickly ruled out. However, officials were left arguing about what had actually happened. The office of Canada's prime minister, Jean Chretien, said that a severe accident at a nuclear-power plant in Pennsylvania may have been the cause. Earlier, American and Canadian officials had said a fire or perhaps lightning had hit a power plant near Niagara Falls in New York State.

1).

Several cities were affected by the massive power failure on August 14th except____.

A、

Ottawa

B、

Cleveland

C、

Chicago

D、

Brooklyn

2).

The word "outage" in Paragraph 1 can be best replaced by____.

A、

power shortcut

B、

disruption

C、

massive national problem

D、

power failure

3).

Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?____

A、

Many streetlights and burglar alarms were stolen during the blackout.

B、

Some terrorists were involved in the incident.

C、

President George Bush demanded a full investigation into the disruption in New York.

D、

Officials were not sure what had caused the power failure.

4).

It can be inferred from the passage that____.

A、

France has a population of about 60 million.

B、

Only some large cities were affected by the power failure.

C、

Canada's prime minister knew what had caused the power failure.

D、

Water was spilt onto the streets by confused workers.

5).

The power failure on August 14th brought about big chaos except that____.

A、

thousands of people were trapped in lifts

B、

many people had to stay on streets for Thursday night.

C、

stores were robbed by the thieves.

D、

a power plant near Niagara Falls was hit by a fire or lightning.

1).

Several cities were affected by the massive power failure on August 14th except____.

A、

Ottawa

B、

Cleveland

C、

Chicago

D、

Brooklyn

When we look at the sky and see a bright light moving quickly across it or coming towards the earth, we talk about seeing a “shooting star” or a “falling star”. These moving lights are not, in fact, stars at all. They are small pieces of matter from outer space, which burn up as they enter the Earth’s atmosphere. The correct name of them is meteoroids. Any pieces that make it to the Earth’s surface without completely burning up are known as meteorites. A meteor is actually the name given to the light we see when a meteoroid is burning up.

When a meteorite hits the Earth at speeds between 11 and 72 kilometers a second, it can do amazing damage. A very large meteorite could knock the earth out of its orbit. If this happened, all life on Earth would probably become extinct(灭绝). The path we follow around the Sun would change and as a result the Earth would become either much hotter or much colder. This change in temperature would affect sea levels and the amount of water in rivers. There would either be huge floods, which would cover most of the land with water, or the oceans would dry up and there would be a drought, which means a long period of time without rain. Either way, nothing could survive. If a large meteorite landed in the sea it would almost certainly cause tsunamis, which would race towards the land, destroying everything in their paths.

Although it is unlikely the Earth will be struck by a meteorite large enough to do that kind of damage, there is evidence of fairly large meteorites hitting the Earth in the past. In 1908 a large area of forest in Tunguska, Siberia was destroyed by a meteorite that came apart just before it hit the ground. The moon, however, has about three billion craters陨石坑caused by meteorites impacting影响 its surface. The reason more meteorites have reached the surface of the moon than the surface of the Earth is that the moon does not have enough atmosphere for the meteorites to burn up in. some of the meteorites that have reached the Earth’s surface have done considerable damage. Some scientists believe it was a change of climate caused by meteorites hitting the Earth that resulted in the extinction of the dinosaurs and other large prehistoric animals.

Scientists are especially interested in meteorites because they contain information about the solar system. It is widely believed by scientists that most meteorites are produced by collisions(碰撞) between asteroids (small planets). These collisions probably happened many billions of years ago. This means the physical and chemical structure of a meteorite can give scientists information about the early days of the universe.

1).

The story is about ___.

A、

floods caused by meteors

B、

matter from outer space

C、

life on Earth millions of years ago

D、

meteorites that have damaged the moon

2).

The Earth has ___.

A、

three billion craters

B、

fewer craters than the moon

C、

more craters than the moon

D、

a thinner atmosphere than the moon

3).

Some scientists believe the dinosaurs became extinct because ___.

A、

they were hit by meteors

B、

meteorites landed on their nests

C、

meteorites landed and changed the climate

D、

they could no longer breathe the atmosphere

4).

Meteors are ___.

A、

small planets

B、

the same as asteroids

C、

from broken parts of asteroids

D、

the light we see when meteoroids hit our atmosphere

1).

The story is about ___.

A、

floods caused by meteors

B、

matter from outer space

C、

life on Earth millions of years ago

D、

meteorites that have damaged the moon

I had just gone to bed after a very hard day when the phone rang. It was an eccentric(怪僻的)farmer. I had never met him before although, I had often heard people talk about him. He sounded quite nervous and he had been talking for a minute or so before I understood anything. Even then all I could make out was that someone called Milly had had a very bad accident. I had not the slightest idea who she was but I obviously had to go.

It had been snowing heavily that day and I did not know the way. I had been driving for at least an hour when I finally found his place. He was standing there, waiting for me. It seemed Milly had died. “She meant more to me than anyone…even my wife!” he said. I could see that he had been crying. I thought something terrible had taken place, a possible scandal(丑闻). I was even more shocked when he told me he had put her in the barn(厩). “I wouldn't leave her out in the cold!” he said.

Milly had clearly been a secret lover of his. I was about to tell him he could not expect me to cover anything up when he opened the barn door. He lifted his candle and I saw a dark figure on the ground. “She was such a good cow! I wouldn't let anyone but a doctor touch her!” he said, and burst into tears again.

1).

The underlined phrase make out in the first paragraph means _____.

A、

期望

B、

理解

C、

开出

D、

制作

2).

Before he arrived at the farmer's house, the writer expected to see Milly lying _____.

A、

on the ground of a barn

B、

on the floor of a room

C、

in bed in a room

D、

in bed in a barn

3).

What do we know about Milly from the story?

A、

She had met an accident.

B、

She had caused a scandal.

C、

She was seriously ill

D、

She was hidden somewhere.

4).

The farmer wished that the writer might _____.

A、

look into(调查) the matter

B、

bring Milly back to life

C、

free him from a scandal

D、

keep the whole thing a secret

1).

The underlined phrase make out in the first paragraph means _____.

A、

期望

B、

理解

C、

开出

D、

制作

University of Arizona researcher Dr. William Rathji says that after a study based on looking into garbage cans, the average family wastes at least $150 per year in food.

"Homemakers go out of their way to save pennies at the store and then don't realize that waste of edible (可食用的) foods adds up much more at home," said Dr. Rathji. He was one of about 100 food experts who met in Boise for a conference on food waste and ways to prevent it.

American families throw out between 8% and 20% of edible food at a cost of $4.5 billion per year. That's almost as much as the federal government spends every year for food stamps and child nutrition programs.

He found that food items which are costly and in short supply tend to be wasted more. During the 1973 meat shortage, meat waste increased to 9%, compared with 3% in 1974 and 1975. Sugar and sugar products waste jumped to 19% in 1975, when sugar prices doubled from the previous year.

Dr. Rathji theorizes that high prices force consumers to experiment, sometimes buy in large quantities. In the case of meat, sometimes low-priced cuts for unappetizing varieties are purchased, consumers then tend to waste more.

His theory is that the more variety in food bought, the more wasted. Regular bread is wasted at about a 10% rate, but specialty breads and rolls are wasted at a 20% rate.

If people are eating the same thing every day, they learn how to manage it. But if you're trying to pull something out of the cookbook every night, that's bound to be some waste.

Another finding is that lower income families waste less food than middle and upper income families. And the study found that dog food, which accounts for 8% of a shopping cart, is rarely wasted. Fresh produce and frozen items are more likely to be wasted.

The study also showed people with the most knowledge of safe, edible food waste the least. Much food is tossed out because a homemaker suspects it is spoiled when it is not.

1).

Large quantities of food are thrown out because a homemaker____.

A、

thinks they are not delicious

B、

says they taste bitter and hot

C、

thinks they smell bad

D、

suspects they are spoiled when they are not

2).

American families throw out between____of edible food every year.

A、

5%~8%

B、

8%~10%

C、

20%~28%

D、

8%~20%

3).

When sugar prices doubled, waste of sugar____.

A、

went down

B、

went up

C、

stayed the same

D、

was cut in half

4).

Which of the following statements is true?____

A、

American housewives are not good homemakers.

B、

Upper-income families are more wasteful than lower-income ones.

C、

American families throw away almost as much food as they consume.

D、

Americans waste a great deal of dog food.

5).

When do American families waste more food?____

A、

When prices are high.

B、

When food is scarce.

C、

When they think it is spoiled.

D、

All of the above.

1).

Large quantities of food are thrown out because a homemaker____.

A、

thinks they are not delicious

B、

says they taste bitter and hot

C、

thinks they smell bad

D、

suspects they are spoiled when they are not

A gentle breeze blew through Jennifer’s hair. The golden red sun was setting. She was on the beach, looking up at the fiery (火红的) ball. She was amazed by its color, deep red in the middle, softly fading into yellow. She could hear nothing but the waves and the seagulls flying up above in the sky.

The atmosphere relaxed her. After all she had been through, this was what she needed. “It’s getting late,” she thought, “I must go home. My parents will be wondering where I am.”

She wondered how her parents would react, when she got home after the three days she was missing. She kept on walking, directing herself where she spent every summer holiday. The road was deserted. She walked slowly and silently. Just in a few hundred meters she would have been safe in her house.

It was really getting dark now. The sun had set a few minutes before and it was getting cold, too. She wished she had her favorite sweater on— it kept her really warm. She imagined having it with her. This thought disappeared when she finally saw her front door. It seemed different. Nobody had taken care of the outside garden for a few days. She was shocked: her father was usually so strict about keeping everything clean and tidy, and now... It all seemed deserted. She couldn’t understand what was going on.

She entered the house. First, she went into the kitchen where she saw a note written by her father. It said, “Dear Ellen, there is some coffee ready. I went looking.” Ellen was her mother but — where was she? On the right side of the hallway was her parents’ room. She went in. Then she saw her. Her mother, lying on the bed, was sleeping. Her face looked so tired, as if she hadn’t slept for days. She was really pale. Jennifer would have wanted to wake her up but she looked too tired. So Jennifer just fell asleep beside her. When Jennifer woke up, something was different... she wasn’t in her mother’s room and she wasn’t wearing the old clothes she ran away in. She was in her snug bed in her pajamas (睡衣).

It felt so good being back home. Suddenly she heard a voice, “Are you feeling better now, dear? You know you got us very, very scared.”

1).

What does “This thought” in the fourth paragraph refer to?

A、

The idea of going back home.

B、

Her anxiety about her parents.

C、

The feeling of being warm in her favorite sweater.

D、

The feeling of getting back home safely.

2).

Her father didn’t take care of the garden because _______.

A、

he was busy looking for her

B、

he had to look after his wife

C、

he was not strict in his job

D、

he no longer enjoyed working there

3).

How did Jennifer probably feel when she came back home?

a. worried b. crazy c. tired d. disappointed e. shocked f. excited

A、

a, b, c

B、

a, c, e

C、

b, c, e

D、

d, e, f

4).

What can we conclude from this passage?

A、

In fact Jennifer’s mother had been sick for days.

B、

As Jennifer walked towards home, she became increasingly scared.

C、

When she found the garden deserted, she realized she got cross.

D、

Having experienced a lot outside, Jennifer felt home was really warm and safe for her

1).

What does “This thought” in the fourth paragraph refer to?

A、

The idea of going back home.

B、

Her anxiety about her parents.

C、

The feeling of being warm in her favorite sweater.

D、

The feeling of getting back home safely.

On Thursday August 14th, a massive power failure switched off lights and shut down factories across a large area of the north-eastern United States and southern Canada. The outcome affected some of the world's biggest and busiest cities, including New York, Detroit, Cleveland and Toronto, leaving up to 60m people without electricity, equivalent to the entire population of France or Britain.

So severe was the disruption (破坏) in New York State that its governor, George Pataki, declared a state of emergency. Confused workers spilled on to the streets, while thousands more were trapped for hours in lifts and hot, crowded subway trains. Lots of stranded (进退两难的) people ended up spending Thursday night on New York's streets. Thieves in Brooklyn in New York, and in Canada's capital, Ottawa, took advantage of the absence of streetlights and burglar alarms, and went on a looting spree (疯狂抢掠). Officials were taken aback by the speed at which the chaos unfolded. President George Bush described the incident as a "massive national problem" and promised a full investigation into what caused it.

That is still a matter of some debate. At first, naturally, there were fears of terrorist involvement, but this was quickly ruled out. However, officials were left arguing about what had actually happened. The office of Canada's prime minister, Jean Chretien, said that a severe accident at a nuclear-power plant in Pennsylvania may have been the cause. Earlier, American and Canadian officials had said a fire or perhaps lightning had hit a power plant near Niagara Falls in New York State.

1).

Several cities were affected by the massive power failure on August 14th except____.

A、

Ottawa

B、

Cleveland

C、

Chicago

D、

Brooklyn

2).

The word "outage" in Paragraph 1 can be best replaced by____.

A、

power shortcut

B、

disruption

C、

massive national problem

D、

power failure

3).

Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?____

A、

Many streetlights and burglar alarms were stolen during the blackout.

B、

Some terrorists were involved in the incident.

C、

President George Bush demanded a full investigation into the disruption in New York.

D、

Officials were not sure what had caused the power failure.

4).

It can be inferred from the passage that____.

A、

France has a population of about 60 million.

B、

Only some large cities were affected by the power failure.

C、

Canada's prime minister knew what had caused the power failure.

D、

Water was spilt onto the streets by confused workers.

5).

The power failure on August 14th brought about big chaos except that____.

A、

thousands of people were trapped in lifts

B、

many people had to stay on streets for Thursday night.

C、

stores were robbed by the thieves.

D、

a power plant near Niagara Falls was hit by a fire or lightning.

1).

Several cities were affected by the massive power failure on August 14th except____.

A、

Ottawa

B、

Cleveland

C、

Chicago

D、

Brooklyn

I was very disappointed not to be able to go to the jazz concert last Friday. The advertisement in the paper said that you could buy tickets at the theatre box in Richland Hills any day between 10:00 and 4:00. Since I work from 9:00 to 5:30, the only time I could go to the theatre was during my 45-minute lunch break. Unfortunately, the theatre is on the other side of the town, and the bus service between my office and Richland Hills is not very good. But if you are lucky you can make the round trip in 45 minutes. Last Monday, I stood at the bus stop for fifteen minutes waiting for the bus. By the time I saw one come around the comer, there was not enough time left to make the trip. So I gave up and went back to the office. The same thing happened on Tuesday, and again the next day. On Thursday, my luck changed. I got on a bus right away and arrived at the theatre in exactly twenty minutes. When I got there, however, I found a long line of people at the box office. I heard one man say he had been waiting in line for over an hour. Realizing I would not have enough time to wait in line, I caught the next bus and headed back across the town. By Friday I realized my only hope was to make the trip by taxi, it was expensive, but I felt it would be worth it to hear the concert. The trip by taxi only took 10 minutes, but it felt like an hour to me. When I got to the theatre, I was relieved to see that nobody was waiting in line. The reason, however, I quickly discovered, was that they had already sold all the tickets.

1).

The man learned ( ) that there would be a concert last Friday.

A、

from his friends

B、

form one of his workmates

C、

over the radio

D、

from the newspaper

2).

He tried to go to the theatre every day but managed to get there only ( ).

A、

once

B、

twice

C、

three times

D、

four times

3).

One day the man took ( ) to get to the theatre by bus.

A、

forty-five minutes

B、

fifteen minutes

C、

just twenty minutes

D、

over an hour

4).

The underlined word "relieved" may best be replaced by "( )".

A、

surprised

B、

please

C、

puzzled

D、

sorry

5).

The story is mainly about ( ).

A、

a good concert

B、

the bad bus service in this city

C、

the difficulty of getting a ticket for a concert in a city

D、

someone''s disappointment at missing a concert

1).

The man learned ( ) that there would be a concert last Friday.

A、

from his friends

B、

form one of his workmates

C、

over the radio

D、

from the newspaper

GARDEN RESTAURANT

Telephone: 2706030 Address: 9020 Bridgeport Road

Open: Mon. to Fri. 7:00am~2:30pm and 5:00pm~9:00pm Sun. 11:00am~2:00pm and 5:00pm~9:30pm

NEW YORK MUSEUM

Telephone: 7364431 Address: Vanier Park, 1 100 Chestnut St. New York

Americas largest museum Specializing in American history and part of our native people.

Open: Mon. to Fri. 9:ooam~5:00pm (Monday free) Sat:9:00am~l:00pm

LANSDOWNE PARK SHOPPING CENTER

Telephone: 3562367 Address: 5300 No.3 Road

Open: Mon. Tues. and Sat. 9:30am~5:30p.m Wed. Thurs. And Fri. 9:30am~9:30pm Sun. ll:00am~5:00pm

SKYLINE HOTEL

Telephone: 2785161 Address: 3031 No. 3 Road (at Sea Island Way)

The hangar Den: Wed. to Sun. Lunch from 10:30am Coffee Shop: Mon.-Fri. 6:00am Sat. 6:30am and Sun. 7:00am~9:00pmMon.-Wed. to 10:00pm Thurs.-Sun. to 11:00pm

1).

If you want to go out for lunch on Sunday you can call up the number ( ).

A、

2785161 or 2706030

B、

2706030 or 3562367

C、

7364431 or 2785161

D、

3562367 or 2985161

2).

You do not have to pay on Mondays if you go to ( ).

A、

Skyline Hotel

B、

Lansdowne   Park Shopping Center

C、

New York   Museum  

D、

Garden Restaurant

3).

If you want to enjoy yourself on Sunday mornings, you can go to ( ).

A、

5300 No. 3 Road

B、

VanierPark, 1100 Chestnut St.

C、

9020 Bridgeport Road

D、

3031 No.3 Road

4).

What can you do after 2 o''clock on Saturday afternoons? ( )

A、

Visit   New York Museum  .

B、

Do some shopping in LansdowneParkShopping Center.

C、

Have coffee in Skyline Hotel.

D、

B or C

5).

How many advertisements are included in this passage? ( )

A、

3

B、

4

C、

5

D、

6

1).

If you want to go out for lunch on Sunday you can call up the number ( ).

A、

2785161 or 2706030

B、

2706030 or 3562367

C、

7364431 or 2785161

D、

3562367 or 2985161

There are different ways in which people try to deal with the problem of energy. One way is the greater production of common energy sources, such as coal, oil and gas. The trouble with these sources, however, is that they are not renewable.
Another way is energy conservation ( 节能 ), which means using energy more efficiently ( 有效地 ). In some very cold countries people build special houses to save energy. They place materials between the inside and the outside of the walls of the house to keep the cold out and the warmth in. The house is heated by the lights, the body heat of the people and the other equipment in it.
Finally, renewable energy sources are used even though they are often expensive to develop. One form of these is geothermal energy. In certain parts of the world the temperature of the earth increases thirty degrees centigrade with each kilometer down. At six kilometers, therefore, it rises to nearly two hundred degrees. To get the heat, water is pumped ( 压;抽 ) down into the rocks and back up to the surface. Heat from the earth is already used in certain countries.

1).

How many ways of dealing with the energy problem are discussed in the text? ( )

A、

Two.

B、

Three.

C、

Four.

D、

Five.

2).

From the text we learn that coal( ).

A、

is quite easy to produce

B、

is not used most efficiently

C、

is the most common source of energy

D、

could be renewed only by new technology

3).

The writer tells about the "special houses" because they( ).

A、

show the excellent skills of the builders

B、

serve as an example of energy conservation

C、

are heated by different sources of energy

D、

are warmer than other types of houses

4).

The underlined words "geothermal energy" in the third paragraph mean ( ).

A、

renewable source

B、

underground source

C、

heat inside the earth

D、

temperature of the earth

5).

At a place where the surface temperature is 15°C, how deep do you have to dig so as to get a temperature of 75 °C ? ( )

A、

One km.

B、

Two km.

C、

Three km.

D、

Four km.

1).

How many ways of dealing with the energy problem are discussed in the text? ( )

A、

Two.

B、

Three.

C、

Four.

D、

Five.

When we talk about intelligence we do not mean the ability to get good scores on certain kinds of tests or even the ability to do well in school. By intelligence we mean a way of living and behaving, especially in a new situation. If we want to test intelligence, we need to find out how a person acts instead of how much he knows to do.
For example, when in a new situation, an intelligent person thinks about the situation, not about himself or what might happen to him. He tries to find out all he can do, and then he acts immediately and tries to do something about it. He probably isn’t sure how it all works out, but at least he tries. And if he cannot make things work out right, he doesn’t feel ashamed that he failed, he just tries to learn from his mistakes. An intelligent person, even if he is very young, has a special outlook in life, a special feeling about life, and a special way of how he fits into it.
If you look at children, you’ll see a great difference between what we call ”bright” children and “not bright” children. They are actually two different kinds of people, not just the same kind with different amounts of intelligence. For example, the bright child really wants to find out about life—he tries to get in touch with everything around him. But the unintelligent child keeps more to himself and his own dream world; he seems to have a wall between him and life in general

1).

According to this passage, intelligence is the ability to______.

A、

work by oneself do well in any

B、

situation

C、

know what is right and wrong

D、

adapt oneself to a new situation

2).

In a new situation, an intelligent person ____________.

A、

knows more about what might happen to him

B、

is well-prepared for his action

C、

pays greater attention to the situation

D、

completely ignores himself

3).

If an intelligent person failed, he would ________

A、

feel ashamed about the failure

B、

learn from his experiences

C、

find out what he can’t do

D、

make sure what’s wrong with his outlook in life

4).

An intelligent child ________

A、

learns more about himself

B、

shows interest in things around him

C、

studies everything that may be interesting

D、

looks down upon unintelligent children

5).

Why does an unintelligent child seem to have a wall between him and life in general?

A、

Because he can hardly see the outside world.

B、

Because life is far away from him.

C、

Because he knows nothing about life in general.

D、

Because he has little interest in things around himself.

1).

According to this passage, intelligence is the ability to______.

A、

work by oneself do well in any

B、

situation

C、

know what is right and wrong

D、

adapt oneself to a new situation

Driving cars, trucks and motorcycles is an important part of our lives. We do it every day to get to work, to school or to friends houses.

Driving can be very convenient, but can also cause many problems. Waiting in line at a red light, a driver may get impatient and decide just to drive right through it. If another car is coming from the other direction, there might be a terrible accident. Cutting another car off can make its driver angry, so that driver cuts off someone else. Pretty soon everybody is angry, and impatient.

Traffic accidents declare millions of lives every year worldwide. In alone, over seven people are killed in accidents every day. The annual death rate ( 年死亡率 ) from traffic accidents in Taiwan is twice that of Japan.

To allow traffic to move smoothly and safely, everybody must follow the rules. Before you drive, learn all the traffic laws. That way of driving is safe, convenient and even fun!

1).

The word " convenient " in the passage means ( ) .

A、

handy, easy to do  

B、

that can be changed

C、

fond of drinking and merry-making

D、

carriages or other trucks

2).

If you cut another car off, its driver may be ( ).

A、

impatient

B、

terrible

C、

angry

D、

both A and B

3).

The sentence " Traffic accidents declare millions of lives "means "( )".

A、

Traffic accidents make some people become millionaires

B、

Many people die from traffic accidents

C、

Millions of people say they themselves have had traffic accidents

D、

Millions of people remain healthy after traffic accidents

4).

According to the passage, driving can be safe if ( ).

A、

you are patient

B、

you obey all the traffic rules

C、

you don t cut another car off 

D、

you wait in line at a red light

5).

Which of the following may be the best title for this passage? ( ).

A、

Traffic Safety

B、

A Careful

C、

How to Drive A Car

D、

A Traffic Accident

1).

The word " convenient " in the passage means ( ) .

A、

handy, easy to do  

B、

that can be changed

C、

fond of drinking and merry-making

D、

carriages or other trucks

Normally a student must attend a certain number of courses in order to graduate, and each course which he attends gives him a credit which he may count towards a degree. In many American universities the total work for a degree consists of thirty-six courses, each lasting for one semester. A typical course consists of three classes per week for fifteen weeks. While attending a university a student will probably attend four or five courses during each semester. Normally a student would expect to take four years attending two semesters each year. It is possible to spread the period of work for the degree over a longer period. It is also possible for a student to move between one university and another during his degree course, though this is not in fact done as a regular practice.

For every course that he follows a student is given a grade, which is recorded, and the record is available for the student to show to prospective employers. All this imposes pressure from the strain of work, but in spite of this some students still find time for great activity in student affairs. Elections to positions in student organizations arouse much enthusiasm. The effective work of maintaining discipline is usually performed by students who advise the academic authorities. Any student who is thought to have broken the rules, for example by cheating, has to appear before a student court. With the enormous numbers of students, the operation of the system does involve a certain amount of activity. A student who has held one of these positions of authority is much respected and it will be of benefit to him or her later in his or her career.

1).

Normally a student would at least attend _______ classes each week

A、

10

B、

12

C、

15

D、

20

2).

According to the first paragraph an American student is allowed______

A、

to live in a different university

B、

to take a particular course in a different university

C、

to live at home and drive to classes

D、

to get two degrees from two different universities

3).

American university students are usually under pressure of work because____

A、

their academic performance will affect their future career

B、

they are heavily involved in student affairs

C、

they have to observe university discipline

D、

they want to run for positions of authority

4).

Some students are enthusiastic for positions in student organizations probably because__________

A、

they hate the constant pressure and strain of their study

B、

they will then be able to stay longer in the university

C、

such positions help them get better jobs

D、

such positions are usually well paid

5).

The student organizations seem to be effective in _______

A、

dealing with the academic affairs of the university

B、

ensuring that the students observe university regulations

C、

evaluating students performance by bringing them before a court

D、

keeping up the students enthusiasm for social activities

1).

Normally a student would at least attend _______ classes each week

A、

10

B、

12

C、

15

D、

20

Mr. Reese was born in a big city. Hisfather had several companies and got a lot of money. He could give his son allthe young man wanted. He was busy with his business and never asked him how hegot along with his studies. So the boy spent most time in the restaurants orcinemas. Of course he was weak at his lessons and learned nothing at school. Hemade many friends but none of them was good and when they knew he came from arich family, they began to teach him to gamble(赌博). Of course he lost much money.
NowMr. Reese was twenty and finished middle school. He could not do anything. Buthis father didn't mind it until one day he found the young man had sold one ofhis companies. He became so angry that he made him leave his house. The youngman couldn't gamble any longer. His friends made him pay his debt. He had toask his mother to help him and the woman often gave him some money. But oneevening his father happened to find it. The old man stopped his wife from doingso. They began to fight in the room. The young man brought out a knife andkilled his father. His mother helped him to run away, but soon after that hewas caught and sentenced(判刑)to death.
Itwas a cold and wet day. Suddenly it began to rain hard when Mr. Reese was beingsent to the execution ground(刑场). Soon both he and the soldiers were wet through. He saidangrily,“Bad luck! I shall be shot in such bad weather!”
“Don'tcomplain(抱怨),brothers” said one of the soldiers. “You're luckier than us all. We'll have togo back to the city after that!”

1).

Old Reese never wanted to know about his son''s studies because ( ).

A、

he was sure his son was good at his lessons

B、

he spent all his energies on his business

C、

he knew nothing about the education

D、

his wife looked after their children

2).

The bad young men taught Young Reese to gamble in order ( ).

A、

to play with him

B、

to spend spare time

C、

that they could get much money form him

D、

that they could find jobs in his father's companies

3).

Old Reese became angry because ( ).

A、

his son had learned nothing at school

B、

his son was weak at all his lessons

C、

his son couldn''t do anything in the companies

D、

his son had lost one of his companies

4).

The young man was sentenced to death because ( ).

A、

he had killed his father?

B、

he often gambled

C、

he made friends with the bad men

D、

he had sold a company of his father''s

5).

The phrase "be wet through" in the story means ( ).

A、

漏洞

B、

漏水

C、

浑身湿透

D、

无精打采

1).

Old Reese never wanted to know about his son''s studies because ( ).

A、

he was sure his son was good at his lessons

B、

he spent all his energies on his business

C、

he knew nothing about the education

D、

his wife looked after their children


During sleep, the fatigue (疲劳) of the body disappears and recuperation ( 恢复) begins. The tired mind gathers new energy. Once awake, the memory improves, and annoyance and problems are seen in a better perspective.
Some adults require little sleep; others need eight to ten hours in every twenty-four. Infants sleep sixteen to eighteen hours daily and, as they grow older, the amount gradually diminishes. Young students may need twelve hours; university students may need ten. A worker with a physically demanding job may also need ten, whereas an executive worker under great pressure may manage on six to eight. Many famous people are reputed to have required little sleep. Napoleon, Thomas Edison and Charles Darwin apparently averaged only four to six hours a night.
Whatever your individual need, you can be sure that by the age of thirty you will have slept for a total of more than twelve years. By that age you will also have developed a sleep routine: a favorite hour, a favorite bed, a favorite position, and a formula you need to follow in order to rest comfortably. Investigators have tried to find out how long a person can go without sleep. Several people have reached more than 115 hours ?nearly five days, whereas animals kept awake for from five to eight days have died of exhaustion. The limit for human beings is probably about a week.

1).

The writer implies that _________

A、

sleep is important for good mental and physical health

B、

a light sleep is as restful as a deep sleep

C、

memory is improved during sleep

D、

sleep is relatively unimportant for human beings

2).

From the amount of sleep Napoleon, Edison and required, we can infer that_______.

A、

they were famous great men

B、

they were executive workers

C、

they were intelligent people

D、

they were involved in mentally demanding work

3).

The amount of sleep required ________.

A、

varies greatly from individual to individual

B、

depends on an individual''s age

C、

relates to an individual''s occupation

D、

all of the above.

4).

According to the passage, the sleeping routine will be built at the age of _________.

A、

10

B、

 

C、

30

D、

40

5).

From animal experiments, we can conclude that the final result of the lack of sleep is probably _________

A、

mental illness

B、

mental breakdown

C、

susceptibility to illness

D、

death

1).

The writer implies that _________

A、

sleep is important for good mental and physical health

B、

a light sleep is as restful as a deep sleep

C、

memory is improved during sleep

D、

sleep is relatively unimportant for human beings

Although the practice of the old Roman religion disappeared many centuries ago, some traces of the Roman gods are still present in our daily vocabulary. The names of the Roman sun god, Sol, and the moon goddess, Luna, are used frequently in our language The word solar describes anything pertaining to the sun, and lunar anything pertaining to the moon. For example, the sun and the planets circling it are called the solar system. The period of time in which the earth circles the sun once is a solar year. The moon takes one lunar month to circle the earth. A lunar year of twelve lunar months is eleven days shorter than a solar year. In some cases our language shows how these heavenly bodies affect us directly. A room or place for sunbathing is often called a solarium. We get our word parasol from the Italian word meaning " a guard against the sun." For many centuries it was believed that the moon affected people who were mentally ill. For this reason persons who were mentally ill were often referred to as lunatics.

1).

In comparison with the solar year, the lunar year is__.

A、

twice as long

B、

the same length

C、

shorter

D、

a few days longer

2).

A parasol is used to __.

A、

measure solar time

B、

protect us from the sun rays

C、

protect us from the gods

D、

view the sun during the day

3).

The word lunatic originally meant___.

A、

twelve lunar months

B、

the home of the moon goddess

C、

a person on whom the moon had a bad effect

D、

a guard against the moon

4).

Implied but not stated______.

A、

A solar year lasts about 354 days

B、

Sol was the Roman sun god

C、

Our calendar is based on the movements of the moon

D、

Mental illness really has nothing to do with the moon

5).

The best title for this selection is:___.

A、

The Gods of Rome

B、

The Rhythm of the Universe

C、

Ancient Beliefs

D、

Gods in Our Words

1).

In comparison with the solar year, the lunar year is__.

A、

twice as long

B、

the same length

C、

shorter

D、

a few days longer

Some people seem to have a knack for learning languages. They can pick up new vocabulary, master rules of grammar, and learn to write in the new language more quickly than others. They do not seem to be any more intelligent than others, so what makes languages so much easier for them to learn? Perhaps if we take a close look at these successful language learners we may discover a few of the techniques that make language learning easier for them. First of all, successful language learners are independent learners. They do not depend on the book or the teacher. They discover their own way to learn the language. Instead of waiting for the teacher to explain, they try to find the patterns and the rules for themselves. They try to learn from their mistakes. Successful language learning is active learning. Therefore, they do not wait for a chance to use the language. Instead they look for such a chance. They will try anything to communicate. They are not afraid to repeat what they hear or to say strange things;they are willing to make mistakes and try again. When communication is difficult,they can accept information that is inexact or incomplete. It is more important for them to learn to think in the language than to know the meaning of every word. Finally successful language learners are learners with a purpose. They want to learn the language because they are interested in the language and the people who speak it. It is necessary for them to learn the language in order to communicate with these people and to learn from them. They find it easy to practise using the language regularly because they want to learn with it. What kind of language learner are you? If you are a successful language learner,you have probably been learning independently,actively,and purposefully. On the other hand,if your language learning has been less than successful,you might do well to try some of the techniques discussed above.

1).

The best learners of languages ( ).

A、

are the most intelligent students in the class

B、

are the best at memorizing long vocabulary lists

C、

have the best language learning techniques

D、

are the best at mastering rules of grammar

2).

People who learn languages easily seem to have a ( )for learning them.

A、

desire

B、

skill

C、

knack

D、

will power

3).

According to the passage the key factor in language learning is probably( )

A、

the learner

B、

the teacher

C、

the textbook

D、

the classmates

4).

Successful language learners are ( )learners with a purpose.

A、

diligent, energetic

B、

independent, active

C、

diligent, active

D、

dependent, passive

5).

Successful language learners learn the language by ( )

A、

following a strict study schedule every day

B、

relying on teachers and classmates

C、

learning the meaning of every word they hear

D、

trying to communicate and learning from mistakes

1).

The best learners of languages ( ).

A、

are the most intelligent students in the class

B、

are the best at memorizing long vocabulary lists

C、

have the best language learning techniques

D、

are the best at mastering rules of grammar

The sea looks very pretty when the sun is shining on it. It can be very rough when there is a strong wind. The sea is very big. It covers three quarters of the globe! The sea is also very deep in some places. There is one spot near the Philippines , where the sea is about 11 kilometers deep. The highest mountain in the world is about 9 kilometers high. If that mountain was put in the sea at that place, there would still be 3 kilometers of water above it! What a deep place! In most parts of the sea, there are plenty of fishes and plants. Some live near the top of the sea. Others live deep down. There are millions of tiny living things that float in the sea. Many fish live by eating them. The sea can be very cold. When the diver goes downwards, the sea becomes colder and colder. When the diver goes deeper, the water exerts greater pressure.

1).

There is one spot near the Philippines, where the sea is as deep as ( ).

A、

13 kilometers

B、

9 kilometers

C、

2 kilometers

D、

11 kilometers

2).

There are millions of tiny living things that float in the sea, and( ).

A、

they live by eating fish

B、

they live by eating plants

C、

they are good food for many fish

D、

they live by eating worms

3).

Which of the following statements is true? ( )

A、

When the diver dives under the sea, he gets colder and colder.

B、

When the diver sinks to the bottom, he is to be colder and colder.

C、

When the diver sinks in the sea, he will be rather cold.

D、

When the diver dives downward, the sea gets colder and colder.

4).

From the information given, why has the diver to wear a diving suit? ( )

A、

Because the diver is likely to be attacked by fish.

B、

Because the water at great depths is very cold.

C、

Because the salt water seems unsuitable for diver.

D、

Because the pressure of water at great depths is immense ( 巨大的 ).

1).

There is one spot near the Philippines, where the sea is as deep as ( ).

A、

13 kilometers

B、

9 kilometers

C、

2 kilometers

D、

11 kilometers

You have been badly injured in a car accident. It is necessary to give you a blood transfusion because you lost a great deal of blood in the accident. However, special care must be taken in selecting new blood for you. If the blood is too different from your own, the transfusion could kill you. There are four basic types of blood: A, B, AB, and O. A simple test can indicate a person's blood type, which, like hair color and height, is inherited from parents. Because of substances contained in each type, the four groups must be transfused carefully. Basically, A and B cannot be mixed. A and B cannot receive AB, but AB may receive A or B. O can give to any other group; hence, it is often called the universal donor. For the opposite reason, AB is sometimes called the universal recipient. However, because so many reactions can occur in transfusions, patients usually receive only salt or plasma (liquid) until their

1).

A good title for this passage is ________.

A、

Getting Blood and Plasma

B、

Special Blood Types

C、

Human Blood Types

D、

The Blood Bank of a Hospital

2).

The word "hence" in line 10 means _________

A、

always

B、

often

C、

therefore

D、

seldom

3).

In a blood transfusion, it is easiest to find the acceptable type of blood for a person with the blood type of ________

A、

A

B、

B

C、

AB

D、

O

4).

The purpose of using salt and plasma before a blood transfusion is to allow time ______.

A、

to test the reactions to the transfusion

B、

for matching the blood to be transfused with the patient's blood

C、

for the blood to be delivered from the blood bank

D、

to select a new type of blood for the patient

5).

Most Europeans have blood type _________

A、

A

B、

B

C、

O

D、

A or O

1).

A good title for this passage is ________.

A、

Getting Blood and Plasma

B、

Special Blood Types

C、

Human Blood Types

D、

The Blood Bank of a Hospital

A gentle breeze blew through Jennifer’s hair. The golden red sun was setting. She was on the beach, looking up at the fiery (火红的) ball. She was amazed by its color, deep red in the middle, softly fading into yellow. She could hear nothing but the waves and the seagulls flying up above in the sky.

The atmosphere relaxed her. After all she had been through, this was what she needed. “It’s getting late,” she thought, “I must go home. My parents will be wondering where I am.”

She wondered how her parents would react, when she got home after the three days she was missing. She kept on walking, directing herself where she spent every summer holiday. The road was deserted. She walked slowly and silently. Just in a few hundred meters she would have been safe in her house.

It was really getting dark now. The sun had set a few minutes before and it was getting cold, too. She wished she had her favorite sweater on— it kept her really warm. She imagined having it with her. This thought disappeared when she finally saw her front door. It seemed different. Nobody had taken care of the outside garden for a few days. She was shocked: her father was usually so strict about keeping everything clean and tidy, and now... It all seemed deserted. She couldn’t understand what was going on.

She entered the house. First, she went into the kitchen where she saw a note written by her father. It said, “Dear Ellen, there is some coffee ready. I went looking.” Ellen was her mother but — where was she? On the right side of the hallway was her parents’ room. She went in. Then she saw her. Her mother, lying on the bed, was sleeping. Her face looked so tired, as if she hadn’t slept for days. She was really pale. Jennifer would have wanted to wake her up but she looked too tired. So Jennifer just fell asleep beside her. When Jennifer woke up, something was different... she wasn’t in her mother’s room and she wasn’t wearing the old clothes she ran away in. She was in her snug bed in her pajamas (睡衣).

It felt so good being back home. Suddenly she heard a voice, “Are you feeling better now, dear? You know you got us very, very scared.”

1).

What does “This thought” in the fourth paragraph refer to?

A、

The idea of going back home.

B、

Her anxiety about her parents.

C、

The feeling of being warm in her favorite sweater.

D、

The feeling of getting back home safely.

2).

Her father didn’t take care of the garden because _______.

A、

he was busy looking for her

B、

he had to look after his wife

C、

he was not strict in his job

D、

he no longer enjoyed working there

3).

How did Jennifer probably feel when she came back home?

a. worried b. crazy c. tired d. disappointed e. shocked f. excited

A、

a, b, c

B、

a, c, e

C、

b, c, e

D、

d, e, f

4).

What can we conclude from this passage?

A、

In fact Jennifer’s mother had been sick for days.

B、

As Jennifer walked towards home, she became increasingly scared.

C、

When she found the garden deserted, she realized she got cross.

D、

Having experienced a lot outside, Jennifer felt home was really warm and safe for her

Harvard University named historian Drew Gilpin Faust as its first female president on Sunday, ending a lengthy and secretive search to find a successor(接任者)to Lawrence Summers .

The seven-member Harvard Corporation elected Faust, a noted scholar on History of the American South and dean of Harvard’s Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, as the university’s 28th president.

“This is a great day, and a historic day for Harvard.” James R. Houghton, chairman of the presidential search committee, said in a statement. “Drew Faust is an inspiring and accomplished leader, a superb scholar, a dedicated(献身的) teacher, and a wonderful human being.”

Her selection is noteworthy given the heated debates over Summers’ comments that genetic differences between the sexes might help explain the lack of women in top science jobs.

Faust has been dean of Radcliffe since 2001, two years after the former women’s college was combined into the university as a research center with a mission to study gender issues(性别问题).

Some professors have quietly groused that the 371-year-old university is appointing a fifth president who is not a scientist. No scientist has had the top job since James Bryant Conant retired in 1953; its last four have come from the fields of classics, law, literature and economics.

Faust is the first Harvard president who did not receive a degree from the university since Charles Chauncy, a graduate of Cambridge University, who died in office in 1762. She attended the University of Pennsylvania.

“Teaching staff turned to her constantly.” said Sheldon Hackney, a former president of the University of Pennsylvania and historian who worked closely with Faust. “She’s very clear. She has a sense of humor, but she’s very strong-minded. You come to trust in her because she’s so solid.”

1).

Which is NOT true about Drew Gilpin Faust?

A、

She is the 28th president of Harvard University.

B、

She is a famous scholar from the American South.

C、

She isn’t a graduate from Harvard University.

D、

She was head of Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study

2).

Lawrence Summers held the view that________.

A、

women cannot achieve as much as men in management

B、

women cannot hold important positions in society

C、

women can match men in science jobs

D、

few women make top scientists owing to genes

3).

Which might be the best title for the passage?

A、

Harvard named its 1st female president.

B、

History of Harvard University changed.

C、

Debates on female equality ended.

D、

Drew Gilpin Faust, a famous woman historian.

4).

This passage probably appears in a ______.

A、

biography

B、

personal letter

C、

research paper

D、

newspaper report

To be a good teacher, you need some of the gifts of a good actor; you must be able to hold the attention and interest of your students; you must be a clear speaker, with a good, strong, pleasing voice which is fully under you control; and you must be able to act what you are teaching, in order to make its meaning clear. Watch a good teacher, and you will see that he does not move motionless before his class; he stands the whole time he is teaching; he walks about, using his arms, hands and fingers to help him in his explanation, and his face to express his feeling. Listen to him, and you will hear the loudness, the quality and musical note of his voice always changing according to what he is talking about. The fact that a good teacher has some of the gifts of a good actor doesn't mean he will indeed be able to act well on the stage, for there are very important differences between the teacher's word and the actor's. The actor has to speak words which has been learnt by heart, he has to repeat exactly the same words each time he plays a certain part, even his movements and the ways in which he uses his voice are usually fixed beforehand.What he has to do is to make all these carefully learnt words and actions seem natural on the stage.A good teacher works in quite a different way. His audience takes an active part in his play: they ask and answer questions, they obey orders, and if they don't understand something, they say so. The teacher therefore has to suit his act to the needs of his audience, which is his class. He cannot learn his part by heart, but must invent it as he goes along.
I have known many teachers who were fine actors in class but were unable to take part in a stage play because their brains wouldn't keep discipline: they could not keep strictly to what another had written.

1).

A good teacher ______.

A、

knows how to hold the interest of his students

B、

must have a good voice

C、

knows how to act on the stage

D、

stands or sits motionless while teaching

2).

In what way is a teacher''s work different from an actor''s? ( )

A、

The teacher must learn everything by heart.

B、

He knows how to control his voice better than an actor.

C、

he has to deal with unexpected situations.

D、

He has to use more facial expressions.

3).

The main difference between students in class and theatre audience is that ( ).

A、

students can move around in the classroom

B、

students must keep silent while theatre audience

C、

no memory work is needed for the students

D、

the students must take part in their teachers' plays

You have been badly injured in a car accident. It is necessary to give you a blood transfusion because you lost a great deal of blood in the accident. However, special care must be taken in selecting new blood for you. If the blood is too different from your own, the transfusion could kill you. There are four basic types of blood: A, B, AB, and O. A simple test can indicate a person's blood type, which, like hair color and height, is inherited from parents. Because of substances contained in each type, the four groups must be transfused carefully. Basically, A and B cannot be mixed. A and B cannot receive AB, but AB may receive A or B. O can give to any other group; hence, it is often called the universal donor. For the opposite reason, AB is sometimes called the universal recipient. However, because so many reactions can occur in transfusions, patients usually receive only salt or plasma (liquid) until their

1).

A good title for this passage is ________.

A、

Getting Blood and Plasma

B、

Special Blood Types

C、

Human Blood Types

D、

The Blood Bank of a Hospital

2).

The word "hence" in line 10 means _________

A、

always

B、

often

C、

therefore

D、

seldom

3).

In a blood transfusion, it is easiest to find the acceptable type of blood for a person with the blood type of ________

A、

A

B、

B

C、

AB

D、

O

4).

The purpose of using salt and plasma before a blood transfusion is to allow time ______.

A、

to test the reactions to the transfusion

B、

for matching the blood to be transfused with the patient's blood

C、

for the blood to be delivered from the blood bank

D、

to select a new type of blood for the patient

5).

Most Europeans have blood type _________

A、

A

B、

B

C、

O

D、

A or O

In ancient times the most important examinations were spoken, not written. In the schools of ancient Greece and Rome, testing usually consisted of reading poetry aloud or giving speeches.
In the European universities of the Middle Ages, students who were working for advanced degrees had to discuss questions in their field of study with people who had made a special study of the subject. This custom exists today as part of the process of testing candidates for the doctor's degree.
Generally, however, modern examinations are written. The written examination, where all students are tested on the same question, was probably not known until the nineteenth century. Perhaps it came into existence with the great increase in population and the development of modern industry. A room full of candidates for a state examination, timed exactly by electric clocks and carefully watched over by managers, resembles a group of workers at an automobile factory. Generally, during examinations teachers and students are expected to act like machines.
One type of test is sometimes called an "objective" test. It is intended to deal with facts, not personal opinions. To make up an objective test the teacher writes a series of questions, each of which has only one correct answer. (8) Along with each question the teacher writes the correct answer and also three statements that look like correct answers to students who have not learned the material properly.

1).

In the Middle Ages students _______.

A、

took objective tests

B、

were timed by clocks

C、

specialized in one subject

D、

never wrote exams

2).

The main idea of paragraph 2 is ______.

A、

workers now take examinations

B、

the population has grown

C、

there are only written exams today

D、

examinations are now written and timed

3).

The kind of exam where students must select answers is ______.

A、

personal

B、

objective

C、

spoken

D、

written

4).

Modern industry must have developed ______.

A、

before the Middle Ages

B、

in Greece or Rome

C、

around the 19th century

D、

machines to take tests

5).

It may be concluded that testing ______.

A、

should test only opinions

B、

should always be written

C、

has changed since the Middle Ages

D、

is given only in factories

How can a single postage stamp be worth $16 800? Any mistake made in the printing of a stamp raises its value to stamp collectors. A mistake on one inexpensive postage stamp has made the stamp worth a million and a half times its original value. The mistake was made more than a hundred years ago in the British colony Mauritius , a small island in the Indian Ocean. In 1847 an order for stamps was sent to a London printer – Mauritius was to become the fourth country in the world to issue stamps. Before the order was filled and delivered, a ball was planned at Mauritius ’ Government House, and stamps were needed to send out the invitations. A local printer was instructed to copy the design for the stamps. He accidentally marked the words " Post Office" instead of " Post Paid" on the several hundred stamps that he printed.
Today there are only twenty-six of these misprinted stamps left—fourteen One-Penny Orange-Reds and twelve Two-Penny Blues. Because of the Two-Penny Blue's rareness and age, collectors have paid as much as $ 16800 for it.

1).

A postage stamp’s value to collectors is raised if _____.

A、

there are few others like it

B、

there are no errors on the stamps

C、

a mistake is made in the printing

D、

both A and C

2).

The mistake in the locally printed postage stamps was in the ____.

A、

price

B、

wording

C、

color

D、

spelling of postage

3).

$16 800 is the collector’s value of ____.

A、

the One Penny Orange – Red

B、

a correctly printed 1847 stamp

C、

the Twopenny Blue

D、

both A and C

4).

Which one is implied but not stated?

A、

All correctly printed stamps are worthless.

B、

Mauritians needed the stamps to send out invitations to a ball.

C、

The printer was punished for his mistake.

D、

Collectors are constantly looking for stamps with mistakes.

5).

The best title for this section is ____.

A、

The “Post Paid” Error

B、

The Twopenny Blue

C、

A London Printer’s Error

D、

How Mauritius Became Famous

In the United States, 30 percent of the adult population has a "weight problem". To many people, the cause is obvious: we eat too much. But scientific evidence does little to support this idea. Going back to the America of 1910, we find that people were leaner than today, yet they ate more food. In those days people worked harder physically, walked more, used machines much less, and didn't watch TV.

Several modern studies, moreover, have shown that fatter people do not eat more on average than thinner people. In fact, some investigations, such as a 1979 study of 3, 545 London office workers, report that, on balance, fat people eat less than slimmer people.

Studies show that slim people are more active than fat people. A study by a research group at Stanford University found the following interesting fact:

The more the man ran, the greater loss of body fat.

The more they ran, the greater their increase in food intake.

Thus, those who ran the most ate the most, yet lost the greatest amount of body fat.

1).

What kind of physical problem do many adult Americans have?____

A、

They are too slim.

B、

They work too hard.

C、

They are too fat.

D、

They lost too much body fat.

2).

Based upon the statistics given in the article, suppose there are 500 adult Americans, about how many of them will have a "weight problem"?____

A、

30.

B、

50.

C、

100.

D、

150.

3).

Is there scientific evidence to support that eating too much is the cause of a "weight problem"?____

A、

Yes, there is plenty of evidence.

B、

Of course, there is some evidence to show this is true.

C、

There is hardly any scientific evidence to support this.

D、

We don't know because the information is not given

4).

In comparison with the adult American population today, the Americans of ____.

A、

ate more food and had more physical activities

B、

ate less food but had more activities

C、

ate less food and had less physical exercise

D、

had more weight problems

5).

What have modern medical and scientific researches reported to us?____

A、

Fat people eat less food and are less active.

B、

Fat people eat more food than slim people and are more active.

C、

Fat people eat more food than slim people but are less active.

D、

Thin people run less, but have greater increase in food intake.


Motor vehicles powered by the internal combustion engines are responsible for over 80 percent of the deadly carbon monoxide as well as the cancer-causing substances in the air. Eighty-nine percent of the vehicles on the road in Massachusetts are privately owned and are often operated with only one person in the car. If people would use public transportation instead of their cars, air pollution levels could be significantly lowered. Thirty percent of the land in downtown Boston is devoted to cars. Where there are garages, there could be gardens. Where there are highways, there should be homes and places to work and play. Studies show that people today show a greater hearing loss with age than ever before. Much of this is due to car-horns, loud engines and general traffic noise.
The cost of a personal car is high to the individual. The average person pays about $2,000 per car per year in gasoline, insurance, taxes, and maintenance. But for society as a whole, personal cars are a luxury we cannot afford. We pay in death from auto accidents, in poor health from air pollution, in loss of hearing from noise pollution, and in the destruction of our cities by the ever-increasing number of highways.

1).

It is ____ that are the main cause of the air pollution in .

A、

vehicles in general

B、

the public transportation systems

C、

carbon monoxides

D、

personal motor vehicles

2).

It is implied but not stated that ______.

A、

garages, highways and parking areas occupy nearly one third of the total downtown area.

B、

because of highways, people inhave no more homes and places to live, work and play.

C、

C garages have replaced most of the gardens in

D、

is the most seriously polluted city in the

3).

According to the last paragraph, ______.

A、

the cost of personal cars is high to the individuals but not to the society

B、

an average car costs about $

C、

personal cars are so expensive that most people cannot afford

D、

society as a whole suffers much from the ever-increasing number of cars

4).

The writer’s purpose in writing this article is to _____.

A、

remind people of the danger of air pollution

B、

warn people of the danger of accidents

C、

urge people to use private cars as less as possible

D、

ask the government to build more homes and gardens

5).

The best title for this passage is “ ______.”

A、

Air Pollution in

B、

More Homes, More Plays for People

C、

Cars Are Too Expensive

D、

Public Transportation, A Solution to Air Pollution

Moscow, Russia (Space news) ——"The computer is a better chess player, insisted Viktor Prozorov, the loser. It seemed as if it were laughing after every good move. I know I should have beaten it for the sake of mankind (人类), but I just couldn't win", he announced and shook his head sadly. Prozorovs disappointment was shared by several grand masters who were present, some of whomwere so upset that they shouted at the machine. Many chess players said that this meant the end of chess championships (冠军) around the world, since the fun had been taken out of the game. The computer walked——or rather——rolled away with 5 000 dollars in prize money and limited its remarks to a set of noises and lights.

1).

Which of the following best gives the main idea of this newspaper article? ( )

A、

5 000 dollars goes to a computer!

B、

New invention : a laughing computer!

C、

World''s best chess player beaten!

D、

Computer defeats man in chess!

2).

How did some of the grand masters feel about the chess game between Prozorov and the computer? ( )

A、


They thought that the game was not fun.

B、

They thought that the game wasn''t fair.

C、

They agreed that Prozorov didn''t play well.

D、

They were unhappy that the cProzoro didn''t play well.

3).

What was it that Prozorov felt most bitter ( 痛苦 ) about? ( )

A、

That he didn''t win the $5 000.

B、

That he hadn''t tried his best.

C、

That he had lost to a machine.

D、

That this was the end of the chess game.

4).

After wining the game, the computer( )

A、

laughed

B、

walked away

C、

made some remarks

D、

gave out some lights and sounds

5).

Many chess players felt that playing with a computer would( )

A、

make the game tougher

B、

make the game less interesting

C、

make man appear foolish

D、

make man lose lots of money

Under normal conditions, the act of communication requires the presence of at least two persons: one who sends and one who receives the communication. In order to communicate thoughts and feelings, there must be a conventional system of signs or symbols that mean the same to the sender and the receiver.

The means of communication are too numerous and varied for systematic classification; therefore, the analysis must begin with the means of receiving communication. Reception of communication is achieved by our senses. Sight, hearing, and touching seem to play the most important roles. Smell and taste play very limited roles, for they cannot receive intellectual expression from fully developed systems of sings and symbols.

Examples of visual communication are gesture and imitation. Although both frequently accompany speech, there are systems that rely solely on sight, such as those used by deaf, and dumb persons. Another means of communicating visually is by signals of fire, smoke, flags, or flashing light. Feelings may be simply communicated by touch, such as by handshaking or backslapping, although a highly developed system of hand-stroking has enabled blind, deaf, and dumb persons to communicate intelligently. Whistling to someone, applauding in a theater, and other forms of communication by sound rely upon the ear as a receiver. The most fully developed form of auditory communication is, of course, the spoken language.

The means of communication mentioned so far have two features in common: they last only a short time, and the persons involved must be relatively close to each other. Therefore, all are restricted in time and space.

1).

Reception of communication______ .

A、

is more important than sending messages

B、

depends on two persons

C、

involves use of the senses

D、

play only limited roles

2).

Applauding is specifically mentioned as an example of ______.

A、

communication by sound

B、

gesture and imitation

C、

communication by sending a message

D、

communication between the listener and speaker

3).

Persons who cannot see, hear, or speak are able to communicate through ______.

A、

gesturing

B、

handshaking

C、

smelling

D、

hand-stroking

4).

The author specifically mentions that speech is______

A、

often used when other means are impossible

B、

necessary for normal communication

C、

the only highly developed system of communication

D、

the most developed form of communication based on hearing

5).

According to the passage, means of communication _________

A、

can develop quickly if there is enough time and space

B、

all have the same features

C、

have some limitations even if they are fully developed

D、

depend on the persons involved

Prehistoric men and women enjoyed a more varied diet than people do now, since they ate species of plant and several hundreds thousands types of living things. But only a tiny percentage of these were ever domesticated. Modern shops have hastened a trend towards specialization which began in the earliest days of agriculture. The food of the rich countries has become cheaper relative to wages. It is speedily distributed in supermarkets. But the choice annually becomes less and less great. Even individual foods themselves become more standardized. We live in the world of carrot specially blunted in order to avoid making a hole in the bag, and the tomato grown to meet a demand for a standard weight of weighting tomatoes to a kilo. Siri von Reis asks: "Only the three major cereals (谷物类食物) and perhaps ten other widely cultivated species stand between famine and survival for the world's human population and a handful of drug plants has served Western civilization for several thousand years. A rather obvious question arises: Are we missing something?" After all, there are 800 000 species of plant on earth.

1).

In prehistoric times people____.

A、

ate much more than we do today

B、

lived mainly on plant food

C、

had a wide-ranging diet

D、

were more fussy about what they ate

2).

Most of us have come to expect____.

A、

no variation in our diet

B、

a reduction in food supplies

C、

a specialist diet

D、

food conforming to a set standard

3).

The specialization of food was started by____.

A、

the emergence of supermarkets

B、

the rise of agriculture

C、

the rich countries

D、

the modern shops

4).

According to the passage, people in the West today survive on____.

A、

carrots and tomatoes

B、

several thousand types of plants and cereals

C、

a very small number of cultivated foods

D、

special species planted one thousand years ago

5).

The conclusion seems to be that we____.

A、

could make use of more natural species

B、

don't cultivate the right kind of food

C、

produce more food than we need

D、

cultivate too many different species

Learning how to write is like taking a course in public speaking. I’ d ask whether anyone in class had ever taken such a course. Invariably a few hands would go up.
“What did you learn in that course?” I’d ask.
“Well, the main thing was learning how to face an audience ... not to be inhibited( 拘谨 )... not to be nervous
Exactly, when you take a course in public speaking nowadays, you don’ t hear much about grammar and vocabulary. Instead, you’ re taught how not to be afraid or embarrassed, how to speak without a prepared script, how to read out to the live audience before you. Public speaking is a matter of overcoming your long-standing nervous inhibitions.
The same is true of writing. The point of the whole thing is to overcome your nervous inhibitions, to break through the invisible barrier that separates you from the person who’ ll read what you wrote. You must learn to sit in front of your typewriter or dictating machine and read out to the person at the other end of the line.
Of course, in public speaking, with the audience right in front of you, the problem is easier. You can look at them and talk to them directly. In writing, you’ re alone. It needs an effort of your experience or imagination to take hold of that other person and talk to him or her. But that effort is necessary -- or at least it’ s necessary until you’ve reached the point when you quite naturally and unconsciously “talk on paper


1).

The topic of the passage is ________.

A、

how to be a good writer

B、

how to be a good speaker

C、

how to express yourself with your words

D、

how to get rid of nervousness in public speaking

2).

The public speech course mainly teaches students ______

A、

how to make an attractive speech using perfect grammar and vocabulary

B、

how to express themselves exactly and vividly

C、

how to collect data needed and organize it

D、

how to get over their nervousness when making a speech

3).

The similarity between making a public speech and writing is that _______

A、

you have to do a lot of preparation work beforehand

B、

you should get over your nervous inhibitions

C、

you should know grammar and vocabulary well to accomplish them

D、

both of them have audience

4).

In the opinion of the author, public speaking is much easier than writing because _______

A、

public speaking requires less effort than writing

B、

it’ s unnecessary for you to write a lot for speech and you can say anything as you like

C、

you face the audience directly in public speaking; while writing is otherwise

D、

in public speaking, the audience have to listen to you whether they like it or not

5).

The author of this passage probably is a ________

A、

boss

B、

politician

C、

writer

D、

professor

Most animals have little connection with animals of different kind, unless they hunt them for food. Sometimes, however, two kinds of animals come together in a partnership ( 伙伴关系 ) which does good to both of them. You may have noticed some birds sitting on the backs of sheep. This is not because they want a ride, but because they find easy food in the parasites (寄生虫 ) on sheep. The sheep allow the birds to do so because they remove the cause of discomfort. So although they can manage without each other, they do better together.

Sometimes an animal has a plant partner. The relationship develops until the two partners cannot manage without each other. This is so in the corals ( 珊瑚 ) of the sea. In their skins they have tiny plants act as "dustman", taking some of the waste products form the corals and giving in return oxygen which the animal needs to breathe. If the plants are killed, or are ever prevented from lighting so that they cannot live normally, the corals will die.

1).

Some birds like to sit on a sheep because ( ).

A、

they can eat its parasites

B、

they depend on the sheep for existence

C、

they enjoy traveling with the sheep

D、

they find the position most comfortable

2).

The underlined word "they" in the last sentence of the first paragraph refers to ( ).

A、

birds and parasites

B、

birds and sheep

C、

parasites and sheep

D、

sheep, birds and parasites

3).

What does the second paragraph mainly discuss? ( )

A、

Some animals and plants depend on each other for existence.

B、

Some animals and plants develop their relationship easily.

C、

Some plants depend on each other for foo

D、

Some animals live better together.

4).

What does this article talk about? ( )

A、

Two kinds of animals for a partnership.

B、

Most animals only have connection with animals.

C、

The connection between the living things.

D、

Corals have some connection with plants.

"The pen is more powerful than the sword (剑)." There have been many writers who used their pens to fight things that were wrong. Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe was one of them. She was born in the USA in 1811. One of her books not only made her famous but has been described as one that excited the world, and was helpful in causing a civil war and freezing the slaves. The civil war was the American Civil War of 1861, in which the Northern States fought the Southern States and finally won. This book was named "Uncle Toms Cabin". There was time when every English-speaking man, woman, and child has read this novel that did so much to stop slavery. Not many people read it today, but it is still very interesting. The book has shown us how a warm-hearted writer can arouse (唤起) peoples sympathies (同情). The writer herself had neither been to the Southern States nor been a slave. The Southern Americans were very angry at the novel, which they said did not at all represent (代表) true state of affairs,but the Northern Americans were wildly excited over it, and were so inspired by it that they were ready to go to war to let the slaves free.

1).

According to the passage ( ).

A、

every English-speaking person had read "Uncle Tom's Cabin"

B、

"Uncle Tom's Cabin" was not very interesting

C、

those who don''t speak English can not have read "Uncle Tom's Cabin"

D、

the book "Uncle Tom's Cabin" did a great deal in the American Civil War

2).

How old was Mrs. Stowe when her world famous book was published? ( )

A、

About 60 years old.

B、

Over 50 years old.

C、

In her forties.

D、

Around 30 years old.

3).

What do you learn about Mrs. Stowe from the passage? ( )

A、

She had been living in the north of America before the American Civil War.

B、

She herself encouraged the northern Americans to go to war and set the slaves free.

C、

She was better as writing as using a sword.

D、

She had once been a slave.

4).

Why could Mrs. Stowe's book cause a civil war in America? ( )

A、

She wrote so well that Americans loved her very much.

B、

She disclosed (揭露) the terrible wrongs that had been done to the slaves in the Southern States.

C、

The Southern Americans hated the book while the Northern Americans like it.

D、

The book had been read by many Americans.

5).

What can we learn from the passage? ( )

A、

We needn't use weapons (武器) to fight things that are wrong.

B、

writer is more helpful in a war than a soldier.

C、

We must understand the importance of literature and art.

D、

No war can be won without such a book as "Uncle Tom's Cabin".

When we look at the sky and see a bright light moving quickly across it or coming towards the earth, we talk about seeing a “shooting star” or a “falling star”. These moving lights are not, in fact, stars at all. They are small pieces of matter from outer space, which burn up as they enter the Earth’s atmosphere. The correct name of them is meteoroids. Any pieces that make it to the Earth’s surface without completely burning up are known as meteorites. A meteor is actually the name given to the light we see when a meteoroid is burning up.

When a meteorite hits the Earth at speeds between 11 and 72 kilometers a second, it can do amazing damage. A very large meteorite could knock the earth out of its orbit. If this happened, all life on Earth would probably become extinct(灭绝). The path we follow around the Sun would change and as a result the Earth would become either much hotter or much colder. This change in temperature would affect sea levels and the amount of water in rivers. There would either be huge floods, which would cover most of the land with water, or the oceans would dry up and there would be a drought, which means a long period of time without rain. Either way, nothing could survive. If a large meteorite landed in the sea it would almost certainly cause tsunamis, which would race towards the land, destroying everything in their paths.

Although it is unlikely the Earth will be struck by a meteorite large enough to do that kind of damage, there is evidence of fairly large meteorites hitting the Earth in the past. In 1908 a large area of forest in Tunguska, Siberia was destroyed by a meteorite that came apart just before it hit the ground. The moon, however, has about three billion craters陨石坑caused by meteorites impacting影响 its surface. The reason more meteorites have reached the surface of the moon than the surface of the Earth is that the moon does not have enough atmosphere for the meteorites to burn up in. some of the meteorites that have reached the Earth’s surface have done considerable damage. Some scientists believe it was a change of climate caused by meteorites hitting the Earth that resulted in the extinction of the dinosaurs and other large prehistoric animals.

Scientists are especially interested in meteorites because they contain information about the solar system. It is widely believed by scientists that most meteorites are produced by collisions(碰撞) between asteroids (small planets). These collisions probably happened many billions of years ago. This means the physical and chemical structure of a meteorite can give scientists information about the early days of the universe.

1).

The story is about ___.

A、

floods caused by meteors

B、

matter from outer space

C、

life on Earth millions of years ago

D、

meteorites that have damaged the moon

2).

The Earth has ___.

A、

three billion craters

B、

fewer craters than the moon

C、

more craters than the moon

D、

a thinner atmosphere than the moon

3).

Some scientists believe the dinosaurs became extinct because ___.

A、

they were hit by meteors

B、

meteorites landed on their nests

C、

meteorites landed and changed the climate

D、

they could no longer breathe the atmosphere

4).

Meteors are ___.

A、

small planets

B、

the same as asteroids

C、

from broken parts of asteroids

D、

the light we see when meteoroids hit our atmosphere

On Thursday August 14th, a massive power failure switched off lights and shut down factories across a large area of the north-eastern United States and southern Canada. The outcome affected some of the world's biggest and busiest cities, including New York, Detroit, Cleveland and Toronto, leaving up to 60m people without electricity, equivalent to the entire population of France or Britain.
So severe was the disruption (破坏) in New York State that its governor, George Pataki, declared a state of emergency. Confused workers spilled on to the streets, while thousands more were trapped for hours in lifts and hot, crowded subway trains. Lots of stranded (进退两难的) people ended up spending Thursday night on New York's streets. Thieves in Brooklyn in New York, and in Canada's capital, Ottawa, took advantage of the absence of streetlights and burglar alarms, and went on a looting spree (疯狂抢掠). Officials were taken aback by the speed at which the chaos unfolded. President George Bush described the incident as a "massive national problem" and promised a full investigation into what caused it.
That is still a matter of some debate. At first, naturally, there were fears of terrorist involvement, but this was quickly ruled out. However, officials were left arguing about what had actually happened. The office of Canada's prime minister, Jean Chretien, said that a severe accident at a nuclear-power plant in Pennsylvania may have been the cause. Earlier, American and Canadian officials had said a fire or perhaps lightning had hit a power plant near Niagara Falls in New York State.

1).

Several cities were affected by the massive power failure on August 14th except____.

A、

Ottawa

B、

Cleveland

C、

Chicago

D、

Brooklyn

2).

The word "outage" in Paragraph 1 can be best replaced by____.

A、

power shortcut

B、

disruption

C、

massive national problem

D、

power failure

3).

Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?____

A、

Many streetlights and burglar alarms were stolen during the blackout.

B、

Some terrorists were involved in the incident.

C、

President George Bush demanded a full investigation into the disruption in New York.

D、

Officials were not sure what had caused the power failure.

4).

It can be inferred from the passage that____.

A、

France has a population of about 60 million.

B、

Only some large cities were affected by the power failure.

C、

Canada's prime minister knew what had caused the power failure.

D、

Water was spilt onto the streets by confused workers.

5).

The power failure on August 14th brought about big chaos except that____.

A、

thousands of people were trapped in lifts

B、

many people had to stay on streets for Thursday night.

C、

stores were robbed by the thieves.

D、

a power plant near Niagara Falls was hit by a fire or lightning.

I had just gone to bed after a very hard day when the phone rang. It was an eccentric(怪僻的)farmer. I had never met him before although, I had often heard people talk about him. He sounded quite nervous and he had been talking for a minute or so before I understood anything. Even then all I could make out was that someone called Milly had had a very bad accident. I had not the slightest idea who she was but I obviously had to go.

It had been snowing heavily that day and I did not know the way. I had been driving for at least an hour when I finally found his place. He was standing there, waiting for me. It seemed Milly had died. “She meant more to me than anyone…even my wife!” he said. I could see that he had been crying. I thought something terrible had taken place, a possible scandal(丑闻). I was even more shocked when he told me he had put her in the barn(厩). “I wouldn't leave her out in the cold!” he said.

Milly had clearly been a secret lover of his. I was about to tell him he could not expect me to cover anything up when he opened the barn door. He lifted his candle and I saw a dark figure on the ground. “She was such a good cow! I wouldn't let anyone but a doctor touch her!” he said, and burst into tears again.

1).

The underlined phrase make out in the first paragraph means _____.

A、

期望

B、

理解

C、

开出

D、

制作

2).

Before he arrived at the farmer's house, the writer expected to see Milly lying _____.

A、

on the ground of a barn

B、

on the floor of a room

C、

in bed in a room

D、

in bed in a barn

3).

What do we know about Milly from the story?

A、

She had met an accident.

B、

She had caused a scandal.

C、

She was seriously ill

D、

She was hidden somewhere.

4).

The farmer wished that the writer might _____.

A、

look into(调查) the matter

B、

bring Milly back to life

C、

free him from a scandal

D、

keep the whole thing a secret

University of Arizona researcher Dr. William Rathji says that after a study based on looking into garbage cans, the average family wastes at least $150 per year in food.

"Homemakers go out of their way to save pennies at the store and then don't realize that waste of edible (可食用的) foods adds up much more at home," said Dr. Rathji. He was one of about 100 food experts who met in Boise for a conference on food waste and ways to prevent it.

American families throw out between 8% and 20% of edible food at a cost of $4.5 billion per year. That's almost as much as the federal government spends every year for food stamps and child nutrition programs.

He found that food items which are costly and in short supply tend to be wasted more. During the 1973 meat shortage, meat waste increased to 9%, compared with 3% in 1974 and 1975. Sugar and sugar products waste jumped to 19% in 1975, when sugar prices doubled from the previous year.

Dr. Rathji theorizes that high prices force consumers to experiment, sometimes buy in large quantities. In the case of meat, sometimes low-priced cuts for unappetizing varieties are purchased, consumers then tend to waste more.

His theory is that the more variety in food bought, the more wasted. Regular bread is wasted at about a 10% rate, but specialty breads and rolls are wasted at a 20% rate.

If people are eating the same thing every day, they learn how to manage it. But if you're trying to pull something out of the cookbook every night, that's bound to be some waste.

Another finding is that lower income families waste less food than middle and upper income families. And the study found that dog food, which accounts for 8% of a shopping cart, is rarely wasted. Fresh produce and frozen items are more likely to be wasted.

The study also showed people with the most knowledge of safe, edible food waste the least. Much food is tossed out because a homemaker suspects it is spoiled when it is not.

1).

Large quantities of food are thrown out because a homemaker____.

A、

thinks they are not delicious

B、

says they taste bitter and hot

C、

thinks they smell bad

D、

suspects they are spoiled when they are not

2).

American families throw out between____of edible food every year.

A、

5%~8%

B、

8%~10%

C、

20%~28%

D、

8%~20%

3).

When sugar prices doubled, waste of sugar____.

A、

went down

B、

went up

C、

stayed the same

D、

was cut in half

4).

Which of the following statements is true?____

A、

American housewives are not good homemakers.

B、

Upper-income families are more wasteful than lower-income ones.

C、

American families throw away almost as much food as they consume.

D、

Americans waste a great deal of dog food.

5).

When do American families waste more food?____

A、

When prices are high.

B、

When food is scarce.

C、

When they think it is spoiled.

D、

All of the above.

On Thursday August 14th, a massive power failure switched off lights and shut down factories across a large area of the north-eastern United States and southern Canada. The outcome affected some of the world's biggest and busiest cities, including New York, Detroit, Cleveland and Toronto, leaving up to 60m people without electricity, equivalent to the entire population of France or Britain.

So severe was the disruption (破坏) in New York State that its governor, George Pataki, declared a state of emergency. Confused workers spilled on to the streets, while thousands more were trapped for hours in lifts and hot, crowded subway trains. Lots of stranded (进退两难的) people ended up spending Thursday night on New York's streets. Thieves in Brooklyn in New York, and in Canada's capital, Ottawa, took advantage of the absence of streetlights and burglar alarms, and went on a looting spree (疯狂抢掠). Officials were taken aback by the speed at which the chaos unfolded. President George Bush described the incident as a "massive national problem" and promised a full investigation into what caused it.

That is still a matter of some debate. At first, naturally, there were fears of terrorist involvement, but this was quickly ruled out. However, officials were left arguing about what had actually happened. The office of Canada's prime minister, Jean Chretien, said that a severe accident at a nuclear-power plant in Pennsylvania may have been the cause. Earlier, American and Canadian officials had said a fire or perhaps lightning had hit a power plant near Niagara Falls in New York State.

1).

Several cities were affected by the massive power failure on August 14th except____.

A、

Ottawa

B、

Cleveland

C、

Chicago

D、

Brooklyn

2).

The word "outage" in Paragraph 1 can be best replaced by____.

A、

power shortcut

B、

disruption

C、

massive national problem

D、

power failure

3).

Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?____

A、

Many streetlights and burglar alarms were stolen during the blackout.

B、

Some terrorists were involved in the incident.

C、

President George Bush demanded a full investigation into the disruption in New York.

D、

Officials were not sure what had caused the power failure.

4).

It can be inferred from the passage that____.

A、

France has a population of about 60 million.

B、

Only some large cities were affected by the power failure.

C、

Canada's prime minister knew what had caused the power failure.

D、

Water was spilt onto the streets by confused workers.

5).

The power failure on August 14th brought about big chaos except that____.

A、

thousands of people were trapped in lifts

B、

many people had to stay on streets for Thursday night.

C、

stores were robbed by the thieves.

D、

a power plant near Niagara Falls was hit by a fire or lightning.

I was very disappointed not to be able to go to the jazz concert last Friday. The advertisement in the paper said that you could buy tickets at the theatre box in Richland Hills any day between 10:00 and 4:00. Since I work from 9:00 to 5:30, the only time I could go to the theatre was during my 45-minute lunch break. Unfortunately, the theatre is on the other side of the town, and the bus service between my office and Richland Hills is not very good. But if you are lucky you can make the round trip in 45 minutes. Last Monday, I stood at the bus stop for fifteen minutes waiting for the bus. By the time I saw one come around the comer, there was not enough time left to make the trip. So I gave up and went back to the office. The same thing happened on Tuesday, and again the next day. On Thursday, my luck changed. I got on a bus right away and arrived at the theatre in exactly twenty minutes. When I got there, however, I found a long line of people at the box office. I heard one man say he had been waiting in line for over an hour. Realizing I would not have enough time to wait in line, I caught the next bus and headed back across the town. By Friday I realized my only hope was to make the trip by taxi, it was expensive, but I felt it would be worth it to hear the concert. The trip by taxi only took 10 minutes, but it felt like an hour to me. When I got to the theatre, I was relieved to see that nobody was waiting in line. The reason, however, I quickly discovered, was that they had already sold all the tickets.

1).

The man learned ( ) that there would be a concert last Friday.

A、

from his friends

B、

form one of his workmates

C、

over the radio

D、

from the newspaper

2).

He tried to go to the theatre every day but managed to get there only ( ).

A、

once

B、

twice

C、

three times

D、

four times

3).

One day the man took ( ) to get to the theatre by bus.

A、

forty-five minutes

B、

fifteen minutes

C、

just twenty minutes

D、

over an hour

4).

The underlined word "relieved" may best be replaced by "( )".

A、

surprised

B、

please

C、

puzzled

D、

sorry

5).

The story is mainly about ( ).

A、

a good concert

B、

the bad bus service in this city

C、

the difficulty of getting a ticket for a concert in a city

D、

someone''s disappointment at missing a concert

GARDEN RESTAURANT

Telephone: 2706030 Address: 9020 Bridgeport Road

Open: Mon. to Fri. 7:00am~2:30pm and 5:00pm~9:00pm Sun. 11:00am~2:00pm and 5:00pm~9:30pm

NEW YORK MUSEUM

Telephone: 7364431 Address: Vanier Park, 1 100 Chestnut St. New York

Americas largest museum Specializing in American history and part of our native people.

Open: Mon. to Fri. 9:ooam~5:00pm (Monday free) Sat:9:00am~l:00pm

LANSDOWNE PARK SHOPPING CENTER

Telephone: 3562367 Address: 5300 No.3 Road

Open: Mon. Tues. and Sat. 9:30am~5:30p.m Wed. Thurs. And Fri. 9:30am~9:30pm Sun. ll:00am~5:00pm

SKYLINE HOTEL

Telephone: 2785161 Address: 3031 No. 3 Road (at Sea Island Way)

The hangar Den: Wed. to Sun. Lunch from 10:30am Coffee Shop: Mon.-Fri. 6:00am Sat. 6:30am and Sun. 7:00am~9:00pmMon.-Wed. to 10:00pm Thurs.-Sun. to 11:00pm

1).

If you want to go out for lunch on Sunday you can call up the number ( ).

A、

2785161 or 2706030

B、

2706030 or 3562367

C、

7364431 or 2785161

D、

3562367 or 2985161

2).

You do not have to pay on Mondays if you go to ( ).

A、

Skyline Hotel

B、

Lansdowne   Park Shopping Center

C、

New York   Museum  

D、

Garden Restaurant

3).

If you want to enjoy yourself on Sunday mornings, you can go to ( ).

A、

5300 No. 3 Road

B、

VanierPark, 1100 Chestnut St.

C、

9020 Bridgeport Road

D、

3031 No.3 Road

4).

What can you do after 2 o''clock on Saturday afternoons? ( )

A、

Visit   New York Museum  .

B、

Do some shopping in LansdowneParkShopping Center.

C、

Have coffee in Skyline Hotel.

D、

B or C

5).

How many advertisements are included in this passage? ( )

A、

3

B、

4

C、

5

D、

6

There are different ways in which people try to deal with the problem of energy. One way is the greater production of common energy sources, such as coal, oil and gas. The trouble with these sources, however, is that they are not renewable.
Another way is energy conservation ( 节能 ), which means using energy more efficiently ( 有效地 ). In some very cold countries people build special houses to save energy. They place materials between the inside and the outside of the walls of the house to keep the cold out and the warmth in. The house is heated by the lights, the body heat of the people and the other equipment in it.
Finally, renewable energy sources are used even though they are often expensive to develop. One form of these is geothermal energy. In certain parts of the world the temperature of the earth increases thirty degrees centigrade with each kilometer down. At six kilometers, therefore, it rises to nearly two hundred degrees. To get the heat, water is pumped ( 压;抽 ) down into the rocks and back up to the surface. Heat from the earth is already used in certain countries.

1).

How many ways of dealing with the energy problem are discussed in the text? ( )

A、

Two.

B、

Three.

C、

Four.

D、

Five.

2).

From the text we learn that coal( ).

A、

is quite easy to produce

B、

is not used most efficiently

C、

is the most common source of energy

D、

could be renewed only by new technology

3).

The writer tells about the "special houses" because they( ).

A、

show the excellent skills of the builders

B、

serve as an example of energy conservation

C、

are heated by different sources of energy

D、

are warmer than other types of houses

4).

The underlined words "geothermal energy" in the third paragraph mean ( ).

A、

renewable source

B、

underground source

C、

heat inside the earth

D、

temperature of the earth

5).

At a place where the surface temperature is 15°C, how deep do you have to dig so as to get a temperature of 75 °C ? ( )

A、

One km.

B、

Two km.

C、

Three km.

D、

Four km.

Normally a student must attend a certain number of courses in order to graduate, and each course which he attends gives him a credit which he may count towards a degree. In many American universities the total work for a degree consists of thirty-six courses, each lasting for one semester. A typical course consists of three classes per week for fifteen weeks. While attending a university a student will probably attend four or five courses during each semester. Normally a student would expect to take four years attending two semesters each year. It is possible to spread the period of work for the degree over a longer period. It is also possible for a student to move between one university and another during his degree course, though this is not in fact done as a regular practice.

For every course that he follows a student is given a grade, which is recorded, and the record is available for the student to show to prospective employers. All this imposes pressure from the strain of work, but in spite of this some students still find time for great activity in student affairs. Elections to positions in student organizations arouse much enthusiasm. The effective work of maintaining discipline is usually performed by students who advise the academic authorities. Any student who is thought to have broken the rules, for example by cheating, has to appear before a student court. With the enormous numbers of students, the operation of the system does involve a certain amount of activity. A student who has held one of these positions of authority is much respected and it will be of benefit to him or her later in his or her career.

1).

Normally a student would at least attend _______ classes each week

A、

10

B、

12

C、

15

D、

20

2).

According to the first paragraph an American student is allowed______

A、

to live in a different university

B、

to take a particular course in a different university

C、

to live at home and drive to classes

D、

to get two degrees from two different universities

3).

American university students are usually under pressure of work because____

A、

their academic performance will affect their future career

B、

they are heavily involved in student affairs

C、

they have to observe university discipline

D、

they want to run for positions of authority

4).

Some students are enthusiastic for positions in student organizations probably because__________

A、

they hate the constant pressure and strain of their study

B、

they will then be able to stay longer in the university

C、

such positions help them get better jobs

D、

such positions are usually well paid

5).

The student organizations seem to be effective in _______

A、

dealing with the academic affairs of the university

B、

ensuring that the students observe university regulations

C、

evaluating students performance by bringing them before a court

D、

keeping up the students enthusiasm for social activities


During sleep, the fatigue (疲劳) of the body disappears and recuperation ( 恢复) begins. The tired mind gathers new energy. Once awake, the memory improves, and annoyance and problems are seen in a better perspective.
Some adults require little sleep; others need eight to ten hours in every twenty-four. Infants sleep sixteen to eighteen hours daily and, as they grow older, the amount gradually diminishes. Young students may need twelve hours; university students may need ten. A worker with a physically demanding job may also need ten, whereas an executive worker under great pressure may manage on six to eight. Many famous people are reputed to have required little sleep. Napoleon, Thomas Edison and Charles Darwin apparently averaged only four to six hours a night.
Whatever your individual need, you can be sure that by the age of thirty you will have slept for a total of more than twelve years. By that age you will also have developed a sleep routine: a favorite hour, a favorite bed, a favorite position, and a formula you need to follow in order to rest comfortably. Investigators have tried to find out how long a person can go without sleep. Several people have reached more than 115 hours ?nearly five days, whereas animals kept awake for from five to eight days have died of exhaustion. The limit for human beings is probably about a week.

1).

The writer implies that _________

A、

sleep is important for good mental and physical health

B、

a light sleep is as restful as a deep sleep

C、

memory is improved during sleep

D、

sleep is relatively unimportant for human beings

2).

From the amount of sleep Napoleon, Edison and required, we can infer that_______.

A、

they were famous great men

B、

they were executive workers

C、

they were intelligent people

D、

they were involved in mentally demanding work

3).

The amount of sleep required ________.

A、

varies greatly from individual to individual

B、

depends on an individual''s age

C、

relates to an individual''s occupation

D、

all of the above.

4).

According to the passage, the sleeping routine will be built at the age of _________.

A、

10

B、

 

C、

30

D、

40

5).

From animal experiments, we can conclude that the final result of the lack of sleep is probably _________

A、

mental illness

B、

mental breakdown

C、

susceptibility to illness

D、

death

Mr. Reese was born in a big city. Hisfather had several companies and got a lot of money. He could give his son allthe young man wanted. He was busy with his business and never asked him how hegot along with his studies. So the boy spent most time in the restaurants orcinemas. Of course he was weak at his lessons and learned nothing at school. Hemade many friends but none of them was good and when they knew he came from arich family, they began to teach him to gamble(赌博). Of course he lost much money.
NowMr. Reese was twenty and finished middle school. He could not do anything. Buthis father didn't mind it until one day he found the young man had sold one ofhis companies. He became so angry that he made him leave his house. The youngman couldn't gamble any longer. His friends made him pay his debt. He had toask his mother to help him and the woman often gave him some money. But oneevening his father happened to find it. The old man stopped his wife from doingso. They began to fight in the room. The young man brought out a knife andkilled his father. His mother helped him to run away, but soon after that hewas caught and sentenced(判刑)to death.
Itwas a cold and wet day. Suddenly it began to rain hard when Mr. Reese was beingsent to the execution ground(刑场). Soon both he and the soldiers were wet through. He saidangrily,“Bad luck! I shall be shot in such bad weather!”
“Don'tcomplain(抱怨),brothers” said one of the soldiers. “You're luckier than us all. We'll have togo back to the city after that!”

1).

Old Reese never wanted to know about his son''s studies because ( ).

A、

he was sure his son was good at his lessons

B、

he spent all his energies on his business

C、

he knew nothing about the education

D、

his wife looked after their children

2).

The bad young men taught Young Reese to gamble in order ( ).

A、

to play with him

B、

to spend spare time

C、

that they could get much money form him

D、

that they could find jobs in his father's companies

3).

Old Reese became angry because ( ).

A、

his son had learned nothing at school

B、

his son was weak at all his lessons

C、

his son couldn''t do anything in the companies

D、

his son had lost one of his companies

4).

The young man was sentenced to death because ( ).

A、

he had killed his father?

B、

he often gambled

C、

he made friends with the bad men

D、

he had sold a company of his father''s

5).

The phrase "be wet through" in the story means ( ).

A、

漏洞

B、

漏水

C、

浑身湿透

D、

无精打采

Although the practice of the old Roman religion disappeared many centuries ago, some traces of the Roman gods are still present in our daily vocabulary. The names of the Roman sun god, Sol, and the moon goddess, Luna, are used frequently in our language The word solar describes anything pertaining to the sun, and lunar anything pertaining to the moon. For example, the sun and the planets circling it are called the solar system. The period of time in which the earth circles the sun once is a solar year. The moon takes one lunar month to circle the earth. A lunar year of twelve lunar months is eleven days shorter than a solar year. In some cases our language shows how these heavenly bodies affect us directly. A room or place for sunbathing is often called a solarium. We get our word parasol from the Italian word meaning " a guard against the sun." For many centuries it was believed that the moon affected people who were mentally ill. For this reason persons who were mentally ill were often referred to as lunatics.

1).

In comparison with the solar year, the lunar year is__.

A、

twice as long

B、

the same length

C、

shorter

D、

a few days longer

2).

A parasol is used to __.

A、

measure solar time

B、

protect us from the sun rays

C、

protect us from the gods

D、

view the sun during the day

3).

The word lunatic originally meant___.

A、

twelve lunar months

B、

the home of the moon goddess

C、

a person on whom the moon had a bad effect

D、

a guard against the moon

4).

Implied but not stated______.

A、

A solar year lasts about 354 days

B、

Sol was the Roman sun god

C、

Our calendar is based on the movements of the moon

D、

Mental illness really has nothing to do with the moon

5).

The best title for this selection is:___.

A、

The Gods of Rome

B、

The Rhythm of the Universe

C、

Ancient Beliefs

D、

Gods in Our Words

Some people seem to have a knack for learning languages. They can pick up new vocabulary, master rules of grammar, and learn to write in the new language more quickly than others. They do not seem to be any more intelligent than others, so what makes languages so much easier for them to learn? Perhaps if we take a close look at these successful language learners we may discover a few of the techniques that make language learning easier for them. First of all, successful language learners are independent learners. They do not depend on the book or the teacher. They discover their own way to learn the language. Instead of waiting for the teacher to explain, they try to find the patterns and the rules for themselves. They try to learn from their mistakes. Successful language learning is active learning. Therefore, they do not wait for a chance to use the language. Instead they look for such a chance. They will try anything to communicate. They are not afraid to repeat what they hear or to say strange things;they are willing to make mistakes and try again. When communication is difficult,they can accept information that is inexact or incomplete. It is more important for them to learn to think in the language than to know the meaning of every word. Finally successful language learners are learners with a purpose. They want to learn the language because they are interested in the language and the people who speak it. It is necessary for them to learn the language in order to communicate with these people and to learn from them. They find it easy to practise using the language regularly because they want to learn with it. What kind of language learner are you? If you are a successful language learner,you have probably been learning independently,actively,and purposefully. On the other hand,if your language learning has been less than successful,you might do well to try some of the techniques discussed above.

1).

The best learners of languages ( ).

A、

are the most intelligent students in the class

B、

are the best at memorizing long vocabulary lists

C、

have the best language learning techniques

D、

are the best at mastering rules of grammar

2).

People who learn languages easily seem to have a ( )for learning them.

A、

desire

B、

skill

C、

knack

D、

will power

3).

According to the passage the key factor in language learning is probably( )

A、

the learner

B、

the teacher

C、

the textbook

D、

the classmates

4).

Successful language learners are ( )learners with a purpose.

A、

diligent, energetic

B、

independent, active

C、

diligent, active

D、

dependent, passive

5).

Successful language learners learn the language by ( )

A、

following a strict study schedule every day

B、

relying on teachers and classmates

C、

learning the meaning of every word they hear

D、

trying to communicate and learning from mistakes

When we talk about intelligence we do not mean the ability to get good scores on certain kinds of tests or even the ability to do well in school. By intelligence we mean a way of living and behaving, especially in a new situation. If we want to test intelligence, we need to find out how a person acts instead of how much he knows to do.
For example, when in a new situation, an intelligent person thinks about the situation, not about himself or what might happen to him. He tries to find out all he can do, and then he acts immediately and tries to do something about it. He probably isn’t sure how it all works out, but at least he tries. And if he cannot make things work out right, he doesn’t feel ashamed that he failed, he just tries to learn from his mistakes. An intelligent person, even if he is very young, has a special outlook in life, a special feeling about life, and a special way of how he fits into it.
If you look at children, you’ll see a great difference between what we call ”bright” children and “not bright” children. They are actually two different kinds of people, not just the same kind with different amounts of intelligence. For example, the bright child really wants to find out about life—he tries to get in touch with everything around him. But the unintelligent child keeps more to himself and his own dream world; he seems to have a wall between him and life in general

1).

According to this passage, intelligence is the ability to______.

A、

work by oneself do well in any

B、

situation

C、

know what is right and wrong

D、

adapt oneself to a new situation

2).

In a new situation, an intelligent person ____________.

A、

knows more about what might happen to him

B、

is well-prepared for his action

C、

pays greater attention to the situation

D、

completely ignores himself

3).

If an intelligent person failed, he would ________

A、

feel ashamed about the failure

B、

learn from his experiences

C、

find out what he can’t do

D、

make sure what’s wrong with his outlook in life

4).

An intelligent child ________

A、

learns more about himself

B、

shows interest in things around him

C、

studies everything that may be interesting

D、

looks down upon unintelligent children

5).

Why does an unintelligent child seem to have a wall between him and life in general?

A、

Because he can hardly see the outside world.

B、

Because life is far away from him.

C、

Because he knows nothing about life in general.

D、

Because he has little interest in things around himself.

Driving cars, trucks and motorcycles is an important part of our lives. We do it every day to get to work, to school or to friends houses.

Driving can be very convenient, but can also cause many problems. Waiting in line at a red light, a driver may get impatient and decide just to drive right through it. If another car is coming from the other direction, there might be a terrible accident. Cutting another car off can make its driver angry, so that driver cuts off someone else. Pretty soon everybody is angry, and impatient.

Traffic accidents declare millions of lives every year worldwide. In alone, over seven people are killed in accidents every day. The annual death rate ( 年死亡率 ) from traffic accidents in Taiwan is twice that of Japan.

To allow traffic to move smoothly and safely, everybody must follow the rules. Before you drive, learn all the traffic laws. That way of driving is safe, convenient and even fun!

1).

The word " convenient " in the passage means ( ) .

A、

handy, easy to do  

B、

that can be changed

C、

fond of drinking and merry-making

D、

carriages or other trucks

2).

If you cut another car off, its driver may be ( ).

A、

impatient

B、

terrible

C、

angry

D、

both A and B

3).

The sentence " Traffic accidents declare millions of lives "means "( )".

A、

Traffic accidents make some people become millionaires

B、

Many people die from traffic accidents

C、

Millions of people say they themselves have had traffic accidents

D、

Millions of people remain healthy after traffic accidents

4).

According to the passage, driving can be safe if ( ).

A、

you are patient

B、

you obey all the traffic rules

C、

you don t cut another car off 

D、

you wait in line at a red light

5).

Which of the following may be the best title for this passage? ( ).

A、

Traffic Safety

B、

A Careful

C、

How to Drive A Car

D、

A Traffic Accident

The sea looks very pretty when the sun is shining on it. It can be very rough when there is a strong wind. The sea is very big. It covers three quarters of the globe! The sea is also very deep in some places. There is one spot near the Philippines , where the sea is about 11 kilometers deep. The highest mountain in the world is about 9 kilometers high. If that mountain was put in the sea at that place, there would still be 3 kilometers of water above it! What a deep place! In most parts of the sea, there are plenty of fishes and plants. Some live near the top of the sea. Others live deep down. There are millions of tiny living things that float in the sea. Many fish live by eating them. The sea can be very cold. When the diver goes downwards, the sea becomes colder and colder. When the diver goes deeper, the water exerts greater pressure.

1).

There is one spot near the Philippines, where the sea is as deep as ( ).

A、

13 kilometers

B、

9 kilometers

C、

2 kilometers

D、

11 kilometers

2).

There are millions of tiny living things that float in the sea, and( ).

A、

they live by eating fish

B、

they live by eating plants

C、

they are good food for many fish

D、

they live by eating worms

3).

Which of the following statements is true? ( )

A、

When the diver dives under the sea, he gets colder and colder.

B、

When the diver sinks to the bottom, he is to be colder and colder.

C、

When the diver sinks in the sea, he will be rather cold.

D、

When the diver dives downward, the sea gets colder and colder.

4).

From the information given, why has the diver to wear a diving suit? ( )

A、

Because the diver is likely to be attacked by fish.

B、

Because the water at great depths is very cold.

C、

Because the salt water seems unsuitable for diver.

D、

Because the pressure of water at great depths is immense ( 巨大的 ).

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