国家开放大学2024年春《理工英语1》单元自测1-8汇总参考答案159题

2024年4月2920:05:14发布者:国开文档专家 288 views 举报

二、翻译:从以下A、B、C三个选项中选出与英文最适合的中文翻译。

That's why tiny little apartments with a bedroom, a kitchen and a bathroom come into being.   1  

      A. 这就是为什么小公寓的卧室,一个厨房和一个浴室。

      B. 这就是为什么小的小公寓有一个卧室,一个厨房和一个浴室。

      C. 这就是只有一卧一厨一卫的微型公寓形成的原因。

2. A beautiful little room with love and happiness is a great place to live.   2  

A. 一个美丽的小房间,爱和幸福是一个居住的好地方。

B.  一间充盈爱和幸福的小美屋就是宜居的好地方。

C. 一个美丽的小房间,爱和幸福是一个伟大的地方住。

3. It can also meet the need of people who are short on cash but determined to live in their own places.   3  

A. 它也能满足一些人的需要,他们缺钱,但又决心拥有一个自己的家。

B. 它也可以满足人的需要,缺钱但决定住在自己的地方。

C. 它也能满足需要的人谁是短期的现金,但决心生活在自己的地方。

4. Ted and William have lived under the same roof for five years.   4  

A. 泰德和威廉已经在同一屋檐下生活了五年了.

B. 泰德和威廉在同一个屋檐下生活了五年。

C. 泰德和威廉一起生活了五年。

5. If you travel alone and want to know better family life in Britain, you'd better stay in B & Bs.   5  

A.如果你独自旅行, 想知道更好的家庭生活在英国, 你最好呆在B & Bs。

B.如果你独自旅行,想了解英国的家庭生活,你最好呆在家里。

C.如果你独自旅行并且想更好地了解英国的居民生活,你可以住在B & Bs。

答案是:C||B||A||A||C

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

London's River Thames has twenty-seven bridges. But Tower Bridge, the first bridge over the Thames as you travel to London from the sea, is the most famous of them all. What makes Tower Bridge so exciting? Why do visitors come from all over the world to see it?

The thing that is surprising about Tower Bridge is that it is open in the middle. It does this to let the big ships through to the Pool of London. If you are lucky enough to see the bridge with its two opening arms high in the air, you will never forget it.

On its north side stands the Tower of London itself. Although they look the same age, the Tower is almost a thousand years old, and Tower Bridge is only about one hundred, it was built in the 1890s. By1850, everyone agreed that a bridge across the Thames near the Tower was most necessary. But the designers argued about the new bridge for another thirtyyears. This took so long because they had two big problems.

l. Tower Bridge is   1   .

A. about one thousand years old

B. the oldest and the most famous bridge in London

C. the first one you can see when you go from the sea to London

The Tower of London is   2   .

A. across from the Thames

B. on the north of Tower Bridge

C. in the middle of Tower Bridge

3. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?   3  

A. You can see the bridge with its two opening arms high in the air at anytime.

B. By 1850 everybody thought it most necessary to have a bridge built across the Thames near

the Tower.

C. It took the designers thirty years to argue about the bridge before it was built.

4. Why is the bridge open in the middle?   4  

A. To make it special.

B. To attract (吸引) more people from the world to see it.

C. To let the big ship through to the Pool of London.

5. How long was the Tower Bridge built?   5  

A. A thousand years.

B. A hundred years.

C. Five thousand years.

答案是:C||B||A||C||B

二、翻译:从以下A、B、C三个选项中选出与英文最适合的中文翻译。

It is getting more popular due to its high efficiency and its environmental friendliness.   1  

A.由于高效及环保的特点,太阳能锅越来越受到大众的欢迎。

B. 由于高效友好的特点,太阳能锅越来越受到大众欢迎。

C.由于经济环保的特点,太阳能锅越来越受到大众欢迎。

2. I’d love to share with you my new kitchenware.   2  

A.我很喜爱与你分享我的新厨具。

B. 我很乐意和你分享我的新厨具。

C.我很乐意平均分配我的新厨具。

3. I am eager to see this new device.   3  

A.我急切地想看到这个新设备。

B.我很激动看到这个新设备

C.我很乐意看到这个新设备。

4. People who do not have wood must spend large amounts of money on cooking fuel.   4  

A.那些没有足够木材的人们得花费大量的钱来烧饭。

B.那些没有足够多木材的人们得依靠大量的钱来购买烹饪燃料。

C.那些没有足够木材的人们得花费大量的金钱购买烹饪燃料。

5. Solar ovens consist of a system of reflectors and a cooking pot.   5  

A.太阳能灶是由反射镜及烹饪锅系统组成的。

B.太阳能灶是一个反射系统和一个锅

C.太阳能灶利用了反射系统和烹饪锅。

答案是:A||B||A||C||A

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

High-speed rail is a type of rail transport that operates significantly faster than traditional rail traffic, using an integrated system of specialized rolling stock and dedicated tracks. While there is no single standard that applies worldwide, new lines in excess of 250 km/hr and existing lines in excess of 200 km/hr are widely considered to be high-speed, with some extending the definition to include much lower speeds (e.g. 160 km/hr) in areas for which these speeds still represent significant improvements. The first such system began operations in Japan in 1964 and was widely known as the bullet train. High-speed trains normally operate on standard gauge tracks of continuously welded rail on grade-separated right-of-way that incorporates a large turning radius in its design.

Many countries have developed high-speed rail to connect major cities, including Austria , Belgium, China, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Poland, Portugal, Russia, South Korea, Sweden, Taiwan, turkey, United Kingdom, United States and Uzbekistan. Only in Europe does HSR cross international borders. China has 16,000 km of HSR, accounting for 60 percent of the world’s total. While high-speed rail is usually designed for passenger travel, some high-speed systems also offer freight service.

High-speed rail is a type of rail transport that operates significantly   1    than traditional rail traffic.

A. faster     

B. slower

C. as fast as

2. According to the passage, which of the following is true?   2  

A. there is no single standard that applies worldwide.

B. there is a standard that applies worldwide

C. there are two standards that apply worldwide

3.When did the first such system widely known as the bullet train begin operations in Japan ?   3  

A. in 1964

B. in 1966

C. in 1946

4. The underlined word “ freight” at the end of the paragraph means   4    .

A. military                 B. cargo         C. health

5. The best title of this passage would be “   5   ”.

A. Traditional Rail Traffic       B. the Bullet Train     C. High-speed Rail

答案是:A||A||A||B||C

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

Car crashes are the top killer of American teenagers. Most of the crashes result from distracted driving—not paying attention to the road.

Ryan Didone was a fifteen-year-old passenger in a car that hit a tree. He was one of the nation's more than thirty thousand victims of traffic crashes in 2008. Nearly four thousand deaths, about twelve percent involved drivers age fifteen to twenty. 

Ryan's father, Thomas Didone, is a police captain in Marylan. "It was an inexperienced, immature driver driving at night with a carload of kids. He was distracted, he was going too fast, and it ended up causing one death and some seriously injured." He shares the story of his son's death to help educate teens and their families about distracted driving.

Jim Jennings from the Allstate Insurance Company says the number one cause of distracted-driving accidents is the mobile phone. He says talking on the phone or reaching for it is like drinking four beers and driving. "If you're texting while driving, you are twenty-three times more likely to get into an accident than somebody who isn't."

Government and private groups are using public service announcements and events to bring more attention to the problem. For example, the insurance industry recently held a safety event for teen drivers. At first, nineteen-year-old Kevin Schumann easily avoided large, inflatable dolls thrown in front of the car to represent children. He also avoided orange cones representing the edge of the road. Then, as part of the test, he started texting. He hit several cones and at least one doll. "That's what really opened up the experience for me to prove how bad it is to really text and drive."

Debbie Pickford of Allstate Insurance says teens are especially at risk from distracted driving —and not just because they lack experience on the roads. "According to the research, teens don't really have fully developed brains until they’re twenty-five years old. You put those two things together and you get a much,much higher risk." A new law proposes a graduated driver licensing system. Graduated means teenagers start with restrictions like on night driving and numbers of passengers. They could not get a full driver's license until age eighteen.

According to the passage,   1    is the most likely to lead to a traffic accident while you are driving.

A.texting on the mobile phone

B.reaching for a cell phone.

C.talking on the mobile phone

2. We can learn from the second paragraph that   2   .

A. drivers who resulted in nearly 4,000 deaths are teenagers

B. over 30,000 victims have died from traffic crashes so far

C. it was at night that Ryan Didone died from a car accident

3. A safety event held by insurance industry was meant to   3   .

A.attract more teenagers to take part in it

B.draw enough attention to teenagers' distracted driving

C.make more teenagers practice avoiding large barriers

4. The passage is probably followed by a concluding paragraph about   4   .

A.much higher risk

B.teen brain development

C.measures to be taken

5. Of all the following, which is the best title for the passage?   5  

A.Car Crashes —the Top Killer.

B.Distracted Driving —Let's Avoid!

C.Drunken Driving — Dangerous Enough!

答案是:A||B||B||C||B

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

Air pollution

People and air pollution are often in the same places. This means that cities with large populations have the biggest problem of dirty air. Air pollution is caused by many different things. A major kind of air pollution is the gas from cars. Statistics (统计资料) show that 93 percent of all auto trips are within cities.
Another major kind of dirty air is the burning of coal and oil for energy. This energy is needed to make electricity. Of course, much more electricity is used in the city than in the country.
On the average, we throw away more rubbish than the year before. The burning of rubbish makes air pollution even worse. Many major industries are also responsible for the dirty air in the around cities. The fumes (烟) from iron, steel, chemical, and petrol production add particles (微粒)  to the air.
The effects of air pollution range from mild headaches to death. The levels of pollution found in heavy traffic may cause headaches for loss of clear vision. Wherever coal and oil are used for fuel, fumes may kill trees and plants and cause metal to corrode (腐蚀). In some of the larger cities, these fumes endanger the lives of human beings by contributing to lung diseases and causing early death.
The key point of the passage is that   1   .

A.the cause of air pollution is people

B.the causes and the effects of air pollution are both found in cities

C.the effects of air pollution range from headaches to death

2. What is the purpose of this passage?   2  

A.to persuade people to stop polluting the air

B.to tell the causes of air pollution

C.to tell why cities are bad places to live

3. Why is air pollution more grave in the city than in the country?   3  

A.Because there are larger populations in cities.

B.Because the air in the city is dirty.

C.Because there are much more gas fumes from cars and burning of coal and oil for energy in the city than in the country.

4. The fumes from coal and oil may cause metal   4   .

A.to corrode            B.to twist               C.to turn black

5. In larger cities, the fumes from coal and oil may contribute to   5   .

A.heart disease        B.loss of clear vision           C.lung diseases

答案是:B||A||C||A||C

 二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容进行判断,正确为“T”,错误为“F”。

Of all the websites, one that has attracted attention recently is my space.com. Most of this attention has come from the hacks is indeed a tough reality, shutting down the site is not the answer. If my space.com shut down, another site would place. Therefore, the right way is to teach teens how to use the site safely and educate them .

One of the good way is to change the privacy setting on your profile to “private” actually post their home and school addresses, date of birth, and so on, often predators know exactly where they will be The most information that is safe is your first name and province. Anything more is basically life.

Another big problem is photos. I suggest skipping photos and never posting a photo of a friend online without his or her how well you think you know this person. There are no guarantees that they have told the truth.

 Most of this attention has come from the hacks is indeed a tough reality, shutting down the site is not the answer.   1  

2. One of the good way is to change the privacy setting on your profile to “private” actually post their home and school addresses, date of birth, and so on.   2  

3. If my space.com shut down, another site would place. Therefore, the right way is to teach teens how to use the site safely and educate them .   3  

4. Another big problem is photos. I suggest skipping photos and posting a photo of a friend online without his or her how well you think you know this person.   4  

5. There are no guarantees that they have told the truth.   5  

答案是:T||T||T||F||T

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容进行判断,正确为“T”,错误为“F”。 

A 4 year Kid, who does not know what an Email or a Chat App is, prays to God: “Hey, Lord, Please make me a smartphone”. This young kid is asking such a wish from God, because he sees that his parents at home are completely glued to this magical device called smartphone and has no time to look up at him. The smartphone is getting more attention in the house than the child. His parents are present there physically, but their minds are somewhere else.

It’s so true that this device has become an inseparable part of our day to day life, and we are addicted to it. We will start feeling restless if we do not look to our phone after a few minutes. We react faster to a phone beep or a message compared to a call by a family member from a different room. We all need to come out of this head-down syndrome. We all need to connect and communicate in real world. We need to put this technology to good use and not become a slave.  

So what shall we do? It’s simple: the solution is called “digital break”. This means, when you return home from work, you simply turn off or mute all your digital devices for a few hours every day, or at least once in a while. What do you do then? You can share your time with the family, chatting with your wife or husband, playing games with your kids, doing things with other family members, etc. in real life. You will soon realize the world outside the smartphone is much more enjoyable

The kid is 5 years old.   1  

2. The kid asked God for a smartphone.   2  

3. Smartphones have become an inseparable part of our daily life.    3  

4. We all need to connect and communicate in virtual world.   4  

5. The only solution to the head-down syndrome is called “digital break.    5  

答案是:F||F||T||F||F

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容进行判断,正确为“T”,错误为“F”。

Millions of people around the world cook their food over a smoky fire every day. It is often difficult to find wood for the fire. People who do not have wood must spend large amounts of money on cooking fuel. However, there is a much easier way to cook food using energy from the sun. Solar cookers, or ovens, have been used for centuries.  

Solar ovens consist of a system of reflectors and a cooking pot. The rest is up to your imagination! Once you have collected or bought your solar oven, you can use it to prepare hot meals in the backyard, at a campground or wherever your heart desires.

Of all the inventions that could benefit humankind, a reliable solar cooker remains one of the most necessary. Countless people across the developing world still cook their food by burning wood or even cow dung, causing breathing problems and severe pollution in some regions.

The searching for a practical solar cooker has gone on for decades and produced dozens of models. But none of them have caught on importantly for use in the developing world because they can’t store heat. Without the ability to store heat, a cooker cannot be used, for example, on cloudy days.

But now a group based at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) is reporting a discovery in solar cookers. They say it will lead to the production of practical solar cookers within a year and a half and it can store enough heat during a sunny day to work for an entire additional day, even if it is cloudy.  

  1. People who do not have wood      must spend small amounts of money on cooking fuel.   1  

  2. There is a much easier way to      cook food using energy from the sun.   2  

  3. Solar cookers, or ovens, have      not been used for centuries.   3  

  4. Solar ovens consist of a      system of reflectors and a cooking pot.   4  

  5. Without the ability to store      heat, a cooker can be used, for example, on cloudy days.   5  

答案是:F||T||F||T||T

二、翻译:从以下A、B、C三个选项中选出与英文最适合的中文翻译。

John and his brother differ in personality even if their differences in age are not significant.   1  

A. 尽管约翰和他哥哥在年纪上相差很大,但他们的个性却不相同。

B. 尽管约翰和他哥哥在年纪上相差不大,但他们的个性却不相同。

C.尽管约翰和他哥哥在年纪上相差不大,但他们的个性相同。

2. Some of her pictures were shown in an art exhibition (展览会) in Shanghai when she was 4 years old.   2  

A. 她的一些画就在上海的一个艺术展览会上展出。

B. 她在一个艺术展览会上展出她的画。

C. 四岁的时候她的一些画就在上海的一个艺术展览会上展出。

3.Since the earth looks like a ball, the sun can shine on only half of it at a time.   3  

A.太阳一次只能照到它的一半,地球看上去像一个球。

B. 由于地球看上去像一个球,太阳一次只能照到它的一半。

C.地球看上去像一个球,太阳一次只能照到它的一半。

4. From the East Coast to the West Coast it is about 3, 000 miles wide.   4  

A. 美国领土的东西宽度约为3000英里。

B. 美国领土为3000英里。

C. 美国领土的东西宽度为2000英里。

5. It’s very important to maintain your current weight through exercise and healthy eating.   5  

A. 非常重要的通过锻炼和健康饮食来保持你目前的体重。

B. 锻炼和健康饮食来保持你目前的体重是非常重要。

C. 通过锻炼和健康饮食来保持你目前的体重是非常重要的。

答案是:

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

Cars are an important part of life in the United States. Without a car most people feel that they are poor. And even if a person is poor he doesn't feel really poor when he had a car.

Henry Ford was the man who first started making cars in large numbers. He probably didn't know how much the car was going to affect American culture. The car made the United Stated a nation on wheels. And it helped make the United States what it is today.

There are three main reasons why the car becomes so popular in the United States. First of all, the country is a huge one and Americans like to move around in it. The car provides the most comfortable and cheapest form of transportation. With a car people can go anyplace without spending a lot of money.

The second reason cars are popular is the fact that the United States never really developed an efficient and inexpensive form of public transportation. Long-distance trains have never been as common in the country as they are in other parts of the world. Nowadays there is a good system of air-service provided by planes. But it is too expensive to be used frequently.

The third reason is the most important one, though. The American spirit of independence is what really made cars popular. Americans don't like to wait for a bus, or a train or even a plane. They don' t like to have to follow an exact schedule. A car gives them the freedom to schedule their own time. And this is the freedom that Americans want most to have.

The gas shortage has caused a big problem for Americans. But the answer will not be a bigger system of public transportation. The real solution will have to be a new kind of car, one that does not use so much gas.

We can learn from this passage that Americans   1   .

A.spend a lot of money traveling by car

B.travel a lot in their cars

C.seldom travel by plane

2. Which of the following statements is TRUE?   2  

A.In the United States even the poor own cars.

B.In the United States all the poor have no cars.

C.An American will feel poor unless he has a car.

3. In the writer’s opinion, cars are popular in the United States mainly because   3   .

A.Americans like to plan their own time

B.The United States does not have enough public transportation

C.Americans will not feel poor when they travel in their cars

4. “A nation on wheels” in the second paragraph means that   4   .

A.everyone in the United States owns a car

B.the United States produces most of the cars in the world  

C.cars play an important part in American’life

5. The real solution to the gas shortage problem is   5   .

A. to make less cars

B. to develop a public transportation system

C. to make gas-saving cars

答案是:

 二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容进行判断,正确为“T”,错误为“F”。

An ebook (also referred to as an electronic book, eBook, or e-book) is a digital version (版本)of a print book that you download and read. But if you want to read an ebook, you must have an Ebook Reader, which is a kind of free software used by your computer. Make sure you have installed the appropriate Reader before you download your ebook from the Internet. The software allows you to turn the words on the screen into the size you like. It also helps you turn pages and change your viewing options (计算机屏幕上的阅读选择) Ebooks are a fun alternative to regular books. You can download them to any computers and create your own library of hundreds of titles. If you load them onto your portable computer, you can take them with you when you travel. Some ebooks are even interactive! Best of all, when you order an ebook, their is no waiting and no shipping charges. The amount of time it takes to download your ebook depends on the speed of your connection and the size of your ebook.

From this passage, we learn that an ebook   1   .

A.can be found in any library

B.can be read directly from the Internet

C.can be read when special software is installed

2. The Ebook Reader is used for   2   .

A. reading an ebook you've downloaded

B. turning a print book into a digital version

C. downloading an ebo0k from the Internet

3. From this passage, we can learn that   3   .

A. you can read an ebook on a laptop when you travel

B. you can order an ebook using the Ebook Reader

C. the ebooks ordered have to be shipped to you

4. Which of the following statements is TRUE?   4  

A. An ebook is ordered in the same way as a print book is.

B. The size of the words in an ebook cannot be changed.

C. The downloading time is decided by the ebook's size.

5. The passage is mainly about   5   .

A. a better way to download an Ebook

B. a new kind of book - the Ebooks

C. the new version of Ebooks

答案是:

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

Building a house costs quite a lot of money.Suppose you plan to build a house.Your first step will be to find a right piece of land.Your choice will depend on many different things.You will probably try to find a sunny place, with pleasant surroundings(环境) near shops and bus stops, not too far from your friends and the place where you work.

Next you will find a good builder, and together with the builder you will work out a plan.The builder will draw the plan.It will show the number of rooms, their position and size, and other parts, which must be noticed, such as windows, doors, and electric outlets.The builder will work out how much money is needed to build your house.He will work out the cost of the wood, bricks, the glass, and everything else that must be used in building the house.Later on, when he starts to build, this estimate(预算)must be corrected and revised(修订).His estimate is based on existing prices, but prices of such things may change, and many other things may happen between the time when he makes the estimate and the time when he builds the house.

When the builder gives his estimate, you may wish to change your plan.(You may also wish to change your builder, if his estimate is too high!)You may find that the house you wanted at first costs too much, or that you can spend a little more and add something to your plan.The builder's estimate depends on the plan, but the final plan depends on the builder's estimate.

1.The best title of this passage would be “    1   ”.

A.Building a House Costs Much Money

B.Estimate Is Important

C.Planning a House

2.The first thing for a person to build a house is     2   .

A.to get as much money as possible

B.to find a suitable piece of land

C.to work out a plan

3. The phrase “draw a plan” in this passage means     3   .

 A.making a picture of a building or a room

 B.making a plan

 C.working out a plan

4.When the builder starts to build a house, his estimate will have to be corrected and revised because     4   .

A.it is wrongly worked out by a workman

B.the future owner of the house thinks the estimate is so high that he cannot afford the building.

C.The prices of building materials and the expenses(费用)of labor may be different from the

original prices and expenses

5.What is the relationship(关系)between the estimate and the plan?    5  

A.The plan depends on the estimate.

B.The plan has nothing to do with the estimate.

C.The estimate and the plan depend on each other.

答案是:

二、翻译:从以下A、B、C三个选项中选出与英文最适合的中文翻译。

It has a total length of 49.968 km, of which 35.578 km will be built over the sea.   1  

A. 它总长度49.968公里,其中35.578公里在海上。

B. 它总长度49.968公里,其中有35.578公里是横跨在海面上的。

C. 它总长度49.968公里,其中35.578公里在海底。

2.I’d like you to meet the famous bridge designer, Mr. Liu Hua.   2  

A.我喜欢你去见见著名的桥梁设计师刘华先生。

B. 我想给您介绍下著名的桥梁设计师刘华先生。

C. 我们最好去见见著名的桥梁设计师刘华先生。

3. It’s a great example of treading lightly on the land.   3  

A.在桥上缓步行走是非常好的体验。

B.在陆地上交易是很好的体验

C.在陆地上轻微的交易是很好的体验。

4.While most bridges cross above water, the sunken bridge at Fort de Roovere in the Netherlands sinks just below it.   4  

A.然而大部分的桥都横跨水面,荷兰Fort de Roovere的这座下沉的桥则建在水面以下

B.大多数桥都建在水面上,荷兰Fort de Roovere的这座下沉的桥则建在水面以下。

C. 大多数桥都穿越水面,荷兰Fort de Roovere的这座下沉的桥则建在水面以下

5.Visitors can enjoy a very close experience with the forest and wildlife on the curving bridge.   5  

A.游客们能够与野生动物和森林有着更近的体验。

B.蜿蜒的桥面让游客能够近距离地体验森林与野生动物。

C. 游客们可以尽情享受丛林中的野生动物。

答案是:

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容进行判断,正确为“T”,错误为“F”。

The world’s longest high-speed railway route, running from Beijing to Guangzhou, has been in operation for a few years. It cuts travel time between the two cities from 22 hours to only 8 hours. With comfortable seats and quiet cabins, this high-speed line offers a pleasant journey for thousands of travelers.

The high speed railway connects Beijing with five provincial capitals. Part of the line, from Zhengzhou to Guangzhou, was in operation before the whole line was connected. The opening of the Beijing to Zhengzhou section has connected the entire line. It covers a total length of 2,298 kilometers.

The Beijing-Guangzhou line connects one third of China’s population and more than 40 percent of its economic power. Travelers benefit from the efficient network, and find that their hometowns are not that far away.

As the American publication Newsweek puts it: China is now engaged in a “railway revolution”. These 350 kilometer per hour high-speed railway trains have made the country’s vast territory “substantially smaller”, and changed the country economically.

The world’s longest high-speed railway route, running from Beijing to Guangzhou, has been in operation for a few years.   1  

2.It cuts travel time between the two cities from 22 hours to only 6 hours.   2  

3. The opening of the Beijing to Zhengzhou section has linked with the total route.   3  

4.The Beijing-Guangzhou line connects one third of China’s population and more than 40 percent of its economic power.   4  

5.These 350 kilometer per hour high-speed railway trains have made the country’s vast territory “considerably smaller”, and changed the country economically.   5  

答案是:

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

Housing is the living places for human beings. As the population keeps climbing, People in the city have to face the reality that housing is in short supply. To solve this problem, New York city planners are challenging tradition and starting to design more “micro units.”

Micros, also known as “hostel-style” apartments, usually offer less than 200 square feet (18.5 square meters) in area. Could you imagine living in 150 square feet (14 square meters)? These units usually have only room for a bed, a table mini-fridge and the basic living essentials.  

Why is the micro apartment so appealing? The reasons are rather straightforward. It is perfect for single people who don't have a lot of things. It can also meet the need of people who are short on cash but determined to live in their own places.

Micro apartments are very common in cities like Tokyo and Hong Kong, where there are so many people living. Now this tiny housing solution is gaining ground in urban areas in the U.S., and Canada.

The micro apartment is an experiment in simplicity in American culture. So small-scale home life is part of a hot trend in U.S. real estate. Some people are proud of it. Some of them can find the humor and fun in their small places. But not everyone is in favor of the trend.

According to the passage, the next big trend in U.S. real estate is   1   .

A. big house       B. micro apartment        C. traditional house

2.As the population keeps climbing, people in the city have to face the reality that   2   .

A. housing is in short supply   B. housing is very sufficient   C. housing is a luxury goods

3.Why is the micro apartment so appealing?   3  

A. It meets the need of someone.      B. It's very strange.     C. It's excellent.

4.Micro apartments are very common in some cities like   4   .

A. Beijing          B. London         C. Tokyo

5.How do people think of the micro apartment?   5  

A. Everyone likes it very much.

B. Some people think it's humorous and fun.

C. Not everyone is in favor of the trend.

答案是:

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

When Dr. Robert Metcalf first used a solar cooker, the future changed for millions of Africans. He knew that billions of poor people around the world depend on the use of wood for cooking. As they take more and more firewood from wild areas. They are destroying habitats around the world. Wood collection is one reason why many animals have become endangered.

“But sunshine can be an alternative to fire.” Dr. Metcalf says. Since his first solar cooked meal, he has helped people around the world to use simple new technologies to cook their food.

Each morning in villages across East Africa, small children and their mothers wake up and walk several miles to collect firewood to cook their food. It takes much of the day, and the heavy firewood they carry home on their heads lasts only a few days.

This is why Dr. Metcalf spends each summer in Africa. He teaches women and children in villages how to cook with the sun. So far, more than thirty thousand African families now have solar cookers, and new programs will introduce solar cookers to millions of families.

To find water, women and children may have to walk long distance to dig holes in dry riverbeds or to gather water from streams and shallow wells.

They fill their buckets(桶)and carry them home on their heads. The buckets often weigh as

much as forty pounds. Not only is finding water hard work, but the water is often polluted with

germs(细菌)that make people sick.

Dr. Metcalf and others developed a simple,reusable tool that people can use to make sure their water is safe to drink.The tool is calked a WAPI,which stands for “Water Pasteurization Indicator”. The pasteurization process is named after Louis Pasteur,who developed it in the 1800s.

1.Why did Metcalf help Africans use solar cookers?   1  

A.He wanted to help them to fight poverty.

B.He found it a dangerous job to collect firewood.

C.He realized using firewood is not good for the environment.

2.The underlined word “it” in the third paragraph probably refers to"   2   ".

A.collecting firewood                             B.cooking food

C.cooking with the sun                        

3.Each summer Metcalf stays in Africa to   3    .

A. do research on water

B. take care of sick people

C. spread the technique of using solar cookers

4.Water Pasteurization Indicator was developed to   4    .

A. kill the bacteria in water

B. honor Louis Pasteur

C. make waste water reusable

 5.It can be inferred from tile passage that     5    .

A.Africans find it hard to learn to use solar cookers

B.women and children in Africa usually lead a hard life

C.the water Africans drink is not clean though it is easy to get

答案是:

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容进行判断,正确为“T”,错误为“F”。

When a few college students jokingly declared Nov. 11 a National Singles Day in the 90s in China, they would never be able to imagine that they were creating the biggest online shopping spree in the world. It started as a way for young people to make fun of themselves as being single and invite other single friends to have fun at bars, restaurants and karaoke rooms. They chose 11/11 because 1 is the loneliest number, etc. Then businesses began to take notice.

In 2009, online retail giant Alibaba announced it would be selling everything at half price on taobao.com on Nov. 11. It was the first time for Chinese single men and women, and indeed married people, too, to enjoy the huge discounts in online shopping on the Singles Day. Over the last few years, Alibaba, JD and other Chinese e-commerce companies all expanded their one-day discounts, and sales grew dramatically.

In 2014, Alibaba Group scored 

3.7 billion online sales of Thanksgiving Day, Black Friday and Cyber Monday from desktop computers in the U.S.A.  

 In 2009 Alibaba began to sell everything at half price at taobao.com on Nov. 11.   1  

2. Some companies like Alibaba expanded their two days discounts and sales grew dramatically.   2  

3. In 2014, Alibaba scored $4.71 billion on November 11.   3  

4.Thanksgiving Day has got the best selling。   4  

5. They chose 11/11 because 1 is the loneliest number.   5  

答案是:

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

Mobile phone has become a problem for middle schools. Some middle schools in Australia have banned(禁止) students from carrying mobile phones during school hours. Mobile phone use among children has become a problem for the school this year. Several children have got mobile phones as Christmas gifts, teachers said mobile phone use is a distraction (娱乐) to students during school hours and it also gives teachers so much trouble in their classrooms. Teachers were also saying that sometimes students might use phone messages (消息) to cheat during exams.

She said some schools had tried to ban mobile phones. Some parents felt unhappy because they couldn't get in touch with (与…联系) their children.

Many teachers said students should not have mobile phones at school, but if there was a good reason, they could leave their phones at school office. They also said there were many reasons why the students should not have mobile phones at school: they were easy to lose and were a distraction from studies.

Many people say that they understand why parents would want their children to have phones, but they think schools should let the students know when they can use their mobile phones.

Some middle schools in Australia have banned students from carrying mobile phones   1   .

A. because they are students

B. when they are free

C. when they are at school

2. We know from the passage that some children get mobile phones from     2   .           .

A. the makers and sellers

B. the passers-by and strangers

C. their parents and friends

3. What does the underlined word cheat mean in the passage?   3   .

A. 聊天

B. 作弊

C. 查询  

4. Some parents felt unhappy because they couldn't   4    during school hours.

A. use their mobile phones

B. get in touch with their children

C. help the teachers with their work

5. The passage tells us that   5   .

A. students shouldn't have mobile phones at school except for some special reasons

B. it is impossible to ban students from using mobile phones at school

C. some parents felt unhappy because they couldn't use their phones at school 

答案是:

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容进行判断,正确为“T”,错误为“F”。

In recent years, the Chinese auto industry has seen rapid growth, with the demand on private cars rising sharply in Chinese cities since 2002.

By 2009, China has replaced the U.S. to become the world’s largest auto market. As an important part of the world car industry, the global auto industry will shift further to China. This brings historical opportunity to China’s auto market.  

Currently, both the development of China’s auto market and the changes in consumer demand for vehicles are ever-increasing. China’s auto industry will continue to grow in the next decade. It means there is still huge room for its development. China has an urban population of more than 600 million. It also has a huge agricultural vehicle market in the rural areas. Hence, there is no doubt for China’s development of auto industry. That is also the reason why the world’s auto producers are paying more attention to the Chinese market.

The demand on private cars increased greatly in Chinese cities since 2002.   1  

2. China has become the world’s largest auto market.   2  

3. China’s auto industry tends to decrease in the next decade.   3  

4. China has an urban population of less than 600 million.   4  

5. The reason why the world’s auto producers are paying more attention to the Chinese market is that China’s auto industry developed very quickly.   5  

答案是:

二、翻译:从以下A、B、C三个选项中选出与英文最适合的中文翻译。

 The mobile phone store is about five hundred yards past the gym, on your left.     1  

A. 手机商店在健身房的左边,离你500步。

B. 手机商店大概离健身房500步,在你的左手边。

C. 手机商店往左拐,然后再走500步。

2. No wonder I got lost. I was heading in the wrong direction!     2  

A.怪不得我迷路了,原来是我走错方向了!

B.我走错方向了,钱包也丢了。

C.难怪我会丢钱包,原来是放错位置了。

3. It seems that there’s nothing impossible with the little mobile phone.     3  

A.看来这台小小的智能手机无所不能。

B.这智能手机太小,什么事都干不成。

C. 这智能手机不是任何事都能干。

4. The Smartphone is getting more attention in the house than the child.    4  

A. 在这个家里,智能手机正在比这孩子得到更多的关注。

B. 在这个家里,孩子更关注智能手机。

C. 孩子在家更关注智能手机。

5. We all need to come out of this head-down syndrome.     5  

A. 我们都需要摆脱这种低头综合征。

B. 我们都需要走出这种低头综合征。

C. 我们都需要改变摇头的习惯。

答案是:

二、翻译:从以下A、B、C三个选项中选出与英文最适合的中文翻译。

The study shows that our computers are superior to those of our competitors in terms of functions and speed.   1  

A.研究表明,我们的计算机在功能和速度两方面都优于我们的竞争对手。

B.研究表明,我们的计算机与我们竞争者的产品在功能和速度方面有差异。

C.研究表明,我们的计算机在效率和速度方面都与其它厂商不同。

2. Use of the overcharge on your account and we have contacted the store on your behalf and are awaiting their reply.   2  

A.承蒙告知您受到恶意透支的指控,我们已经派代表与商店联系并正在等待回音。

B.承蒙告知您的帐户存在问题,我们已经和商店联系过并正在等待他们的回答。

C.承蒙告知您的帐户被多扣款一事,我们已代您与商店联系,正在等待他们回复。

3.Though technically quite advanced today,the Internet is far from being popular with average household users in some developing countries.   3  

A.尽管互联网技术现在已经很先进,但在一些发展中国家还未受到家庭用户的广泛青睐。

B. 很先进,但在一些发展中国家还远远没有普及到一般家庭。

C. 尽管今天科学技术已经很先进,但在一些发展中国家互联网离大众的生活还是很远。

4. You can buy almost everything, as long as you have access to the Internet and enough money.   4  

A. 只要有网络和足够多的钱,你可以通过网络买到任何东西。

B. 如果你有网络和钱,就可以买到任何东西。

C. 只要有网络和足够多的钱,你就可以买到任何东西。

5. When in doubt, it’s best to delete or if appropriate, mark as junk item.   5  

A. 当有疑问,最好是立刻删除,或者,如果合适的话,标为垃圾信息。

B. 一旦有疑问,最好是立刻删除,或者,如果合适的话,标为垃圾信息。

C. 一旦有疑问,最好是立刻删除,或者,合适的话,标为垃圾。

答案是:

—— Have you had a nice journey?  

—— ________________________

 I don't like traveling.

 Sure

You are welcome.

答案是:

—— I’m so excited to meet you. May I introduce myself to you?

—— ___________________________

Nice to see you.

Sure.

You are welcome.

答案是:

— Sonia, do you think you are different from Linda?

— Yes. I'm ______ at drawing than her.

better

good

well

答案是:

One day they crossed the ____bridge behind the palace.

old chinese stone

chinese old stone

old stone chinese

答案是:

Architect Mayur Kanaiya spoke__________ of the Langkawi Sky Bridge

 good

well

highly

答案是:

二、翻译:从以下A、B、C三个选项中选出与英文最适合的中文翻译。

It has a total length of 49.968 km, of which 35.578 km will be built over the sea.

A. 它总长度49.968公里,其中35.578公里在海上。

B. 它总长度49.968公里,其中有35.578公里是横跨在海面上的。

C. 它总长度49.968公里,其中35.578公里在海底。

2.I’d like you to meet the famous bridge designer, Mr. Liu Hua.

A.我喜欢你去见见著名的桥梁设计师刘华先生。

B. 我想给您介绍下著名的桥梁设计师刘华先生。

C. 我们最好去见见著名的桥梁设计师刘华先生。

3. It’s a great example of treading lightly on the land.

A.在桥上缓步行走是非常好的体验。

B.在陆地上交易是很好的体验

C.在陆地上轻微的交易是很好的体验。

4.While most bridges cross above water, the sunken bridge at Fort de Roovere in the Netherlands sinks just below it.

A.然而大部分的桥都横跨水面,荷兰Fort de Roovere的这座下沉的桥则建在水面以下

B.大多数桥都建在水面上,荷兰Fort de Roovere的这座下沉的桥则建在水面以下。

C. 大多数桥都穿越水面,荷兰Fort de Roovere的这座下沉的桥则建在水面以下

5.Visitors can enjoy a very close experience with the forest and wildlife on the curving bridge.

A.游客们能够与野生动物和森林有着更近的体验。

B.蜿蜒的桥面让游客能够近距离地体验森林与野生动物。

C. 游客们可以尽情享受丛林中的野生动物。

答案是:

—— Excuse me. You must be Mr. Liu Hua from China?   

—— ___________________

How do you do?

 Yes, nice to meet you.

Thank you.

答案是:

The walls function like a dam to keep the water _____ and the structure lies naturally within its surroundings, remaining invisible from a distance.

of

out

in

答案是:

---  Don’t forget to come to our party this weekend!

---  _____________________________

 Sure. See you.

You are welcome.

Not at all.

答案是:

---  why not dine out together and go to the movies?

---  ________________________________________

You deserve that.

Sounds like a good idea.

 Thank you.

答案是:

Solar cooking is a _______cooking method.

convenience

convention

convenient

答案是:

 I’d love to ______with you my new kitchenware.

share

put

help

答案是:

Nick _______ a job in a bank, but to our surprise, he didn’t take it.

offered

has offered

was offered

答案是:

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容进行判断,正确为“T”,错误为“F”。

Millions of people around the world cook their food over a smoky fire every day. It is often difficult to find wood for the fire. People who do not have wood must spend large amounts of money on cooking fuel. However, there is a much easier way to cook food using energy from the sun. Solar cookers, or ovens, have been used for centuries.  

Solar ovens consist of a system of reflectors and a cooking pot. The rest is up to your imagination! Once you have collected or bought your solar oven, you can use it to prepare hot meals in the backyard, at a campground or wherever your heart desires.

Of all the inventions that could benefit humankind, a reliable solar cooker remains one of the most necessary. Countless people across the developing world still cook their food by burning wood or even cow dung, causing breathing problems and severe pollution in some regions.

The searching for a practical solar cooker has gone on for decades and produced dozens of models. But none of them have caught on importantly for use in the developing world because they can’t store heat. Without the ability to store heat, a cooker cannot be used, for example, on cloudy days.

But now a group based at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) is reporting a discovery in solar cookers. They say it will lead to the production of practical solar cookers within a year and a half and it can store enough heat during a sunny day to work for an entire additional day, even if it is cloudy.  

  1. People who do not have wood      must spend small amounts of money on cooking fuel.

  2. There is a much easier way to      cook food using energy from the sun.

  3. Solar cookers, or ovens, have      not been used for centuries.

  4. Solar ovens consist of a      system of reflectors and a cooking pot.

  5. Without the ability to store      heat, a cooker can be used, for example, on cloudy days.

答案是:

---- Excuse me. Can you tell me how to get to the Linden Street?

---- _____________________________

You can’t ask me.

Pardon? I have no idea.

Sorry, I’m new here. 

答案是:

---- ________________________ We are leaving on Sunday.

---- Yes, that’s a good idea. 

Why don’t you join us? 

Can you tell me how to get to the Linden Street?  

When shall I arrive at your home? 

答案是:

This article deals with the natural phenomenon which _______ most interesting to everyone. 

are

is

they are

答案是:

Travelers _______ the efficient network, and find that their hometowns are not that far away.

benefit from

interest from 

profit from

答案是:

He’s wearing a red shirt and _______ jeans.

dimmed

paled

faded

答案是:

二、翻译:从以下A、B、C三个选项中选出与英文最适合的中文翻译。

John and his brother differ in personality even if their differences in age are not significant.

A. 尽管约翰和他哥哥在年纪上相差很大,但他们的个性却不相同。

B. 尽管约翰和他哥哥在年纪上相差不大,但他们的个性却不相同。

C.尽管约翰和他哥哥在年纪上相差不大,但他们的个性相同。

2. Some of her pictures were shown in an art exhibition (展览会) in Shanghai when she was 4 years old.

A. 她的一些画就在上海的一个艺术展览会上展出。

B. 她在一个艺术展览会上展出她的画。

C. 四岁的时候她的一些画就在上海的一个艺术展览会上展出。

3.Since the earth looks like a ball, the sun can shine on only half of it at a time.

A.太阳一次只能照到它的一半,地球看上去像一个球。

B. 由于地球看上去像一个球,太阳一次只能照到它的一半。

C.地球看上去像一个球,太阳一次只能照到它的一半。

4. From the East Coast to the West Coast it is about 3, 000 miles wide.

A. 美国领土的东西宽度约为3000英里。

B. 美国领土为3000英里。

C. 美国领土的东西宽度为2000英里。

5. It’s very important to maintain your current weight through exercise and healthy eating.

A. 非常重要的通过锻炼和健康饮食来保持你目前的体重。

B. 锻炼和健康饮食来保持你目前的体重是非常重要。

C. 通过锻炼和健康饮食来保持你目前的体重是非常重要的。

答案是:

--- A: I have many questions about studying abroad.

--- B: Would you like to make an appointment?

Is that OK?

It doesn’t matter.

Let's say Wednesday afternoon at two?

答案是:

 --- A: Could we make a tentative appointment for, say, this Saturday?  

  ---B: 

 Sorry, I don’t know. I am new here.

Yes, you can.

That’s fine for me.

答案是:

In learning a foreign language, one should first pay attention  speaking

to

within

on

答案是:

There ________ a dolphin show in the zoo tomorrow evening. 

was

is going to have

is going to be

答案是:

I have an appointment with Mr. Xie at about 10 o’clock tomorrow morning, but would you please  it to sometime next week?

complete

clarify

postpone

答案是:

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

Cars are an important part of life in the United States. Without a car most people feel that they are poor. And even if a person is poor he doesn't feel really poor when he had a car.

Henry Ford was the man who first started making cars in large numbers. He probably didn't know how much the car was going to affect American culture. The car made the United Stated a nation on wheels. And it helped make the United States what it is today.

There are three main reasons why the car becomes so popular in the United States. First of all, the country is a huge one and Americans like to move around in it. The car provides the most comfortable and cheapest form of transportation. With a car people can go anyplace without spending a lot of money.

The second reason cars are popular is the fact that the United States never really developed an efficient and inexpensive form of public transportation. Long-distance trains have never been as common in the country as they are in other parts of the world. Nowadays there is a good system of air-service provided by planes. But it is too expensive to be used frequently.

The third reason is the most important one, though. The American spirit of independence is what really made cars popular. Americans don't like to wait for a bus, or a train or even a plane. They don' t like to have to follow an exact schedule. A car gives them the freedom to schedule their own time. And this is the freedom that Americans want most to have.

The gas shortage has caused a big problem for Americans. But the answer will not be a bigger system of public transportation. The real solution will have to be a new kind of car, one that does not use so much gas.

We can learn from this passage that Americans  .

A.spend a lot of money traveling by car

B.travel a lot in their cars

C.seldom travel by plane

2. Which of the following statements is TRUE?

A.In the United States even the poor own cars.

B.In the United States all the poor have no cars.

C.An American will feel poor unless he has a car.

3. In the writer’s opinion, cars are popular in the United States mainly because  .

A.Americans like to plan their own time

B.The United States does not have enough public transportation

C.Americans will not feel poor when they travel in their cars

4. “A nation on wheels” in the second paragraph means that  .

A.everyone in the United States owns a car

B.the United States produces most of the cars in the world  

C.cars play an important part in American’life

5. The real solution to the gas shortage problem is  .

A. to make less cars

B. to develop a public transportation system

C. to make gas-saving cars

答案是:

—  A:  are the most popular things people buy online?

—  B: Definitely, clothes. 

How about 

What do you think

How do you think

答案是:

—  We have to stay at home for a whole day. Why not go out and have a walk?

—  

It like a good idea.

It sounds like a good idea.

How is a good idea.

答案是:

For days, smog persisted in many areas. China is  to control air pollution.

take measures

doing business

taking measures

答案是:

Listen to the two girls by the window. What language ?  

were they speaking

are they speaking

did they speak

答案是:

       5.        

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

Air pollution

People and air pollution are often in the same places. This means that cities with large populations have the biggest problem of dirty air. Air pollution is caused by many different things. A major kind of air pollution is the gas from cars. Statistics (统计资料) show that 93 percent of all auto trips are within cities.
Another major kind of dirty air is the burning of coal and oil for energy. This energy is needed to make electricity. Of course, much more electricity is used in the city than in the country.
On the average, we throw away more rubbish than the year before. The burning of rubbish makes air pollution even worse. Many major industries are also responsible for the dirty air in the around cities. The fumes (烟) from iron, steel, chemical, and petrol production add particles (微粒)  to the air.
The effects of air pollution range from mild headaches to death. The levels of pollution found in heavy traffic may cause headaches for loss of clear vision. Wherever coal and oil are used for fuel, fumes may kill trees and plants and cause metal to corrode (腐蚀). In some of the larger cities, these fumes endanger the lives of human beings by contributing to lung diseases and causing early death.
The key point of the passage is that  .

A.the cause of air pollution is people

B.the causes and the effects of air pollution are both found in cities

C.the effects of air pollution range from headaches to death

2. What is the purpose of this passage?  

A.to persuade people to stop polluting the air

B.to tell the causes of air pollution

C.to tell why cities are bad places to live

3. Why is air pollution more grave in the city than in the country?  

A.Because there are larger populations in cities.

B.Because the air in the city is dirty.

C.Because there are much more gas fumes from cars and burning of coal and oil for energy in the city than in the country.

4. The fumes from coal and oil may cause metal  .

A.to corrode            B.to twist               C.to turn black

5. In larger cities, the fumes from coal and oil may contribute to  .

A.heart disease        B.loss of clear vision           C.lung diseases

答案是:

You can ask these experts __________advice in job hunting? 

on

over

for

答案是:

Now tell me, how can you separate yourself ____the other person? 

with

out

from

答案是:

You know, online shopping has so many ______.

advantages

advantage

advantaged

答案是:

二、翻译:从以下A、B、C三个选项中选出与英文最适合的中文翻译。

1.The study shows that our computers are superior to those of our competitors in terms of functions and speed.

A.研究表明,我们的计算机在功能和速度两方面都优于我们的竞争对手。

B.研究表明,我们的计算机与我们竞争者的产品在功能和速度方面有差异。

C.研究表明,我们的计算机在效率和速度方面都与其它厂商不同。

2. Use of the overcharge on your account and we have contacted the store on your behalf and are awaiting their reply.

A.承蒙告知您受到恶意透支的指控,我们已经派代表与商店联系并正在等待回音。

B.承蒙告知您的帐户存在问题,我们已经和商店联系过并正在等待他们的回答。

C.承蒙告知您的帐户被多扣款一事,我们已代您与商店联系,正在等待他们回复。

3.Though technically quite advanced today,the Internet is far from being popular with average household users in some developing countries.  

A.尽管互联网技术现在已经很先进,但在一些发展中国家还未受到家庭用户的广泛青睐。

B. 很先进,但在一些发展中国家还远远没有普及到一般家庭。

C. 尽管今天科学技术已经很先进,但在一些发展中国家互联网离大众的生活还是很远。

4. You can buy almost everything, as long as you have access to the Internet and enough money.

A. 只要有网络和足够多的钱,你可以通过网络买到任何东西。

B. 如果你有网络和钱,就可以买到任何东西。

C. 只要有网络和足够多的钱,你就可以买到任何东西。

5. When in doubt, it’s best to delete or if appropriate, mark as junk item.

A. 当有疑问,最好是立刻删除,或者,如果合适的话,标为垃圾信息。

B. 一旦有疑问,最好是立刻删除,或者,如果合适的话,标为垃圾信息。

C. 一旦有疑问,最好是立刻删除,或者,合适的话,标为垃圾。

答案是:

 —  

 —  Oh, no, Frankly speaking, I seldom do online shopping. 

 Got any good deals?

Do you got any good deals?

I bought many good deals online.

答案是:

—  

—  I mean the best way is using your own mobile phone or computer to operate it. 

What do you mean?

What do you think?

How do you think?

答案是:

Besides, you need to protect your password, because all the transaction _______ through your bank account. 

is carried out

is brought out

is fetched

答案是:

All the trees______ last summer.

were planted

planted

are planting

答案是:

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容进行判断,正确为“T”,错误为“F”。

Of all the websites, one that has attracted attention recently is my space.com. Most of this attention has come from the hacks is indeed a tough reality, shutting down the site is not the answer. If my space.com shut down, another site would place. Therefore, the right way is to teach teens how to use the site safely and educate them .

One of the good way is to change the privacy setting on your profile to “private” actually post their home and school addresses, date of birth, and so on, often predators know exactly where they will be The most information that is safe is your first name and province. Anything more is basically life.

Another big problem is photos. I suggest skipping photos and never posting a photo of a friend online without his or her how well you think you know this person. There are no guarantees that they have told the truth.

1.Most of this attention has come from the hacks is indeed a tough reality, shutting down the site is not the answer.

2. One of the good way is to change the privacy setting on your profile to “private” actually post their home and school addresses, date of birth, and so on.

3. If my space.com shut down, another site would place. Therefore, the right way is to teach teens how to use the site safely and educate them .

4. Another big problem is photos. I suggest skipping photos and posting a photo of a friend online without his or her how well you think you know this person.

5. There are no guarantees that they have told the truth.

答案是:

Separate passwords for every account make  __difficult for cyber criminals to hack you.

it

that

what

答案是:

—  Forgotten something? I can keep an eye on your kids if you want to go and get it.

—  _______ Thank you all the same.

Well, I can do without it.

Oh, how careless of me!

I might as well go and get it. 

答案是:

— Excuse me, can you tell me where the nearest bus stop is?

— I'm sorry, I have no idea. I ______.

don't know 

am a stranger here 

am new

答案是:

______the weather improves, we will suffer a huge loss in the tourist industry. 

As

While

Unless

答案是:

We support the view that poor management will ______ business failure. 

break up

take in

lead to

答案是:

They also have a camera ______allows you to take and share photos and video. 

when

which

where

答案是:

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容进行判断,正确为“T”,错误为“F”。 

A 4 year Kid, who does not know what an Email or a Chat App is, prays to God: “Hey, Lord, Please make me a smartphone”. This young kid is asking such a wish from God, because he sees that his parents at home are completely glued to this magical device called smartphone and has no time to look up at him. The smartphone is getting more attention in the house than the child. His parents are present there physically, but their minds are somewhere else.

It’s so true that this device has become an inseparable part of our day to day life, and we are addicted to it. We will start feeling restless if we do not look to our phone after a few minutes. We react faster to a phone beep or a message compared to a call by a family member from a different room. We all need to come out of this head-down syndrome. We all need to connect and communicate in real world. We need to put this technology to good use and not become a slave.  

So what shall we do? It’s simple: the solution is called “digital break”. This means, when you return home from work, you simply turn off or mute all your digital devices for a few hours every day, or at least once in a while. What do you do then? You can share your time with the family, chatting with your wife or husband, playing games with your kids, doing things with other family members, etc. in real life. You will soon realize the world outside the smartphone is much more enjoyable

The kid is 5 years old.

2. The kid asked God for a smartphone.

3. Smartphones have become an inseparable part of our daily life. 

4. We all need to connect and communicate in virtual world.

5. The only solution to the head-down syndrome is called “digital break. 

答案是:

 ---Hello, I'm Harry Potter.

 ---Glad to meet you. I'm Miller. But __________.

call my Paul. 

call me at Paul.

call me Paul.

答案是:

 --- Haven't seen you for ages, Mike. ________________

 --- Pretty good. Everything goes well.

What are you doing? 

How are you? 

How's it going?  

答案是:

--- Could you please tell me something about the two_______?

--- ___________. They arc exchange students of No. 1 Middle School.  

Frenchmen; Yes, please 

Germen; Not at all

Germans; All right 

答案是:

---Can I help you, sir?

---I'd like to have 100 _____. I want my students to draw pictures.

piece of paper

pieces of paper

pieces of papers

答案是:

To solve this problem, New York city planners are challenging tradition and starting to _________more "micro units".

create

design

 invent

答案是:

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

Housing is the living places for human beings. As the population keeps climbing, People in the city have to face the reality that housing is in short supply. To solve this problem, New York city planners are challenging tradition and starting to design more “micro units.”

Micros, also known as “hostel-style” apartments, usually offer less than 200 square feet (18.5 square meters) in area. Could you imagine living in 150 square feet (14 square meters)? These units usually have only room for a bed, a table mini-fridge and the basic living essentials.  

Why is the micro apartment so appealing? The reasons are rather straightforward. It is perfect for single people who don't have a lot of things. It can also meet the need of people who are short on cash but determined to live in their own places.

Micro apartments are very common in cities like Tokyo and Hong Kong, where there are so many people living. Now this tiny housing solution is gaining ground in urban areas in the U.S., and Canada.

The micro apartment is an experiment in simplicity in American culture. So small-scale home life is part of a hot trend in U.S. real estate. Some people are proud of it. Some of them can find the humor and fun in their small places. But not everyone is in favor of the trend.

According to the passage, the next big trend in U.S. real estate is  .

A. big house       B. micro apartment        C. traditional house

2.As the population keeps climbing, people in the city have to face the reality that  .

A. housing is in short supply   B. housing is very sufficient   C. housing is a luxury goods

3.Why is the micro apartment so appealing?

A. It meets the need of someone.      B. It's very strange.     C. It's excellent.

4.Micro apartments are very common in some cities like  .

A. Beijing          B. London         C. Tokyo

5.How do people think of the micro apartment?

A. Everyone likes it very much.

B. Some people think it's humorous and fun.

C. Not everyone is in favor of the trend.

答案是:

I really like that car you ________ and I am thinking of buying it.

recommended

interviewed

 talked

答案是:

Tony is going camping with ___ boys. 

little two other

two little other

two other little 

答案是:

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

London's River Thames has twenty-seven bridges. But Tower Bridge, the first bridge over the Thames as you travel to London from the sea, is the most famous of them all. What makes Tower Bridge so exciting? Why do visitors come from all over the world to see it?

The thing that is surprising about Tower Bridge is that it is open in the middle. It does this to let the big ships through to the Pool of London. If you are lucky enough to see the bridge with its two opening arms high in the air, you will never forget it.

On its north side stands the Tower of London itself. Although they look the same age, the Tower is almost a thousand years old, and Tower Bridge is only about one hundred, it was built in the 1890s. By1850, everyone agreed that a bridge across the Thames near the Tower was most necessary. But the designers argued about the new bridge for another thirtyyears. This took so long because they had two big problems.

l. Tower Bridge is  .

A. about one thousand years old

B. the oldest and the most famous bridge in London

C. the first one you can see when you go from the sea to London

The Tower of London is  .

A. across from the Thames

B. on the north of Tower Bridge

C. in the middle of Tower Bridge

3. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?

A. You can see the bridge with its two opening arms high in the air at anytime.

B. By 1850 everybody thought it most necessary to have a bridge built across the Thames near

the Tower.

C. It took the designers thirty years to argue about the bridge before it was built.

4. Why is the bridge open in the middle?

A. To make it special.

B. To attract (吸引) more people from the world to see it.

C. To let the big ship through to the Pool of London.

5. How long was the Tower Bridge built?

A. A thousand years.

B. A hundred years.

C. Five thousand years.

答案是:

---  Would you care to join for the picnic tomorrow

---  _________________________________________

So sorry. Next time we'll go, thanks anyway.

OK, thank you.

No thanks.

答案是:

 It is called solar cooker, a newly designed cooking device and there are many kinds of solar cookers _______.

convenient

useful

available

答案是:

This box is___ that one.

heavy than 

as heavy as

heavier as

答案是:

---- I’m going to Hainan for my holiday.

---- ________________________

 thanks a lot.  

Not at all

Have a nice trip

答案是:

It was ___ who wrote those words on the blackboard.

he

him

himself

答案是:

With comfortable seats and quiet cabins, this high-speed line______ a pleasant journey for thousands of travelers.

offers

give

take

答案是:

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

High-speed rail is a type of rail transport that operates significantly faster than traditional rail traffic, using an integrated system of specialized rolling stock and dedicated tracks. While there is no single standard that applies worldwide, new lines in excess of 250 km/hr and existing lines in excess of 200 km/hr are widely considered to be high-speed, with some extending the definition to include much lower speeds (e.g. 160 km/hr) in areas for which these speeds still represent significant improvements. The first such system began operations in Japan in 1964 and was widely known as the bullet train. High-speed trains normally operate on standard gauge tracks of continuously welded rail on grade-separated right-of-way that incorporates a large turning radius in its design.

Many countries have developed high-speed rail to connect major cities, including Austria , Belgium, China, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Poland, Portugal, Russia, South Korea, Sweden, Taiwan, turkey, United Kingdom, United States and Uzbekistan. Only in Europe does HSR cross international borders. China has 16,000 km of HSR, accounting for 60 percent of the world’s total. While high-speed rail is usually designed for passenger travel, some high-speed systems also offer freight service.

High-speed rail is a type of rail transport that operates significantly   than traditional rail traffic.

A. faster     

B. slower

C. as fast as

2. According to the passage, which of the following is true?

A. there is no single standard that applies worldwide.

B. there is a standard that applies worldwide

C. there are two standards that apply worldwide

3.When did the first such system widely known as the bullet train begin operations in Japan ?

A. in 1964

B. in 1966

C. in 1946

4. The underlined word “ freight” at the end of the paragraph means   .

A. military                 B. cargo         C. health

5. The best title of this passage would be “ ”.

A. Traditional Rail Traffic       B. the Bullet Train     C. High-speed Rail

答案是:

--- A: I can put you down for eleven o’clock. Is that OK?

--- B: 

 Oh, I’ll be having an interview that time. How about 3 o’clock in the afternoon?

Friday is good.

Yes, we could.

答案是:

Support facilities for electric cars, such as charging stations, have been built or are the process of being built in many cities across the country.

on

in

to

答案是:

--- ________ you ________ free tomorrow? 

--- No. I ________ free the day after tomorrow.

Are; going to; will

Are; going to be; will

Are; going to be; will be

答案是:

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容进行判断,正确为“T”,错误为“F”。

In recent years, the Chinese auto industry has seen rapid growth, with the demand on private cars rising sharply in Chinese cities since 2002.

By 2009, China has replaced the U.S. to become the world’s largest auto market. As an important part of the world car industry, the global auto industry will shift further to China. This brings historical opportunity to China’s auto market.  

Currently, both the development of China’s auto market and the changes in consumer demand for vehicles are ever-increasing. China’s auto industry will continue to grow in the next decade. It means there is still huge room for its development. China has an urban population of more than 600 million. It also has a huge agricultural vehicle market in the rural areas. Hence, there is no doubt for China’s development of auto industry. That is also the reason why the world’s auto producers are paying more attention to the Chinese market.

The demand on private cars increased greatly in Chinese cities since 2002.

2. China has become the world’s largest auto market.

3. China’s auto industry tends to decrease in the next decade.

4. China has an urban population of less than 600 million.

5. The reason why the world’s auto producers are paying more attention to the Chinese market is that China’s auto industry developed very quickly.

答案是:

— Susan ,what do you think of my plan?

— _______________

It’s reasonable .

It’s pleasant.

It’s possible.

答案是:

If he persists  awkward questions, then send him to the boss.

in asking

to ask

to be asked

答案是:

 ___________ you busy with the Singles Day?

Be

Are

Will

答案是:

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容进行判断,正确为“T”,错误为“F”。

When a few college students jokingly declared Nov. 11 a National Singles'Day in the 90s in China, they would never be able to imagine that they were creating the biggest online shopping spree in the world. It started as a way for young people to make fun of themselves as being single and invite other single friends to have fun at bars, restaurants and karaoke rooms. They chose 11/11 because 1 is the loneliest number, etc. Then businesses began to take notice.

In 2009, online retail giant Alibaba announced it would be selling everything at half price on taobao.com on Nov. 11. It was the first time for Chinese single men and women, and indeed married people, too, to enjoy the huge discounts in online shopping on the Singles Day. Over the last few years, Alibaba, JD and other Chinese e-commerce companies all expanded their one-day discounts, and sales grew dramatically.

In 2014, Alibaba Group scored $5.71 billion on November 11, setting a new record for the e-commerce giant since it started the Singles Day sales five years ago. That was much higher than the combined $3.7 billion online sales of Thanksgiving Day, Black Friday and Cyber Monday from desktop computers in the U.S.A.

1.In 2009 Alibaba began to sell everything at half price at taobao.com on Nov. 11.

2. Some companies like Alibaba expanded their two days discounts and sales grew dramatically.

3. In 2014, Alibaba scored $4.71 billion on November 11.

4.Thanksgiving Day has got the best selling。

5. They chose 11/11 because 1 is the loneliest number.

答案是:

—  ______ will it take me to walk there?

—  About ten minutes.

How far

How long

How much

答案是:

— Excuse me, officer. I can't find the subway entrance. ______

— See those glass doors? Go in and you will see it on your right.

Can you help me?

Where is it?

Show me the way? 

答案是:

She didn't know______ to express her ideas in English clearly in public. 

which

why

how

答案是:

You will soon  ______ the world outside the smartphone is much more enjoyable

release

realize

return

答案是:

It is easy to get the software we need ______ the market is small.

as if

so that

although

答案是:

---Are you good at Building Materials, Rose?

---_______. But I will try to study it well this term.

That's all right 

Not very good

Quite well

答案是:

--- Goodbye, everyone._______________

--- Bye, Sally! Don't forget to write.

Stay in touch

Just wait and see

 Sounds great  

答案是:

The technological advances made it possible for the middle classes to enjoy what had once been ________ only to the very rich.

manageable

measurable

 affordable

答案是:

Now this tiny housing solution is ______________ in urban areas in the U.S., and Canada.

gain ground

gain ground on

gain ground upon

答案是:

I hope you'll ________working with us in the future.

enjoy

apply

achieve

答案是:

—— Thanks for all the information, Peter. It sounds like you have an interesting job.

—— ______________________________

 Yes, it's very interesting, but stressful, too!

 I work for the ABC company.

Yes I love my job.

答案是:

— Which city has _________population, Beijing, Guiyang or Nanchang?

— Beijing, of course.

the largest

the smallest

the most

答案是:

---  We’ve booked a table. We hope you can join us?

---  _________________________________

Thank you.

OK.

How can I resist such a gracious invitation!

答案是:

---  We’d be pleased if you could join us for dinner.

---  ____________________________________

Thank you

Yes, I’d be pleased to accept.

That’s good

答案是:

People who do not have wood must spend large amounts of money ________cooking fuel.

in

on

of

答案是:

The bridge ______ two years ago. 

built

was built

is built

答案是:

--- Do you like reading books?

--- Yes. Each of us ______________ to do more reading in and after class.

are encouraged

encourage

is encouraged

答案是:

二、翻译:从以下A、B、C三个选项中选出与英文最适合的中文翻译。

It is getting more popular due to its high efficiency and its environmental friendliness.

A.由于高效及环保的特点,太阳能锅越来越受到大众的欢迎。

B. 由于高效友好的特点,太阳能锅越来越受到大众欢迎。

C.由于经济环保的特点,太阳能锅越来越受到大众欢迎。

2. I’d love to share with you my new kitchenware.

A.我很喜爱与你分享我的新厨具。

B. 我很乐意和你分享我的新厨具。

C.我很乐意平均分配我的新厨具。

3. I am eager to see this new device.

A.我急切地想看到这个新设备。

B.我很激动看到这个新设备

C.我很乐意看到这个新设备。

4. People who do not have wood must spend large amounts of money on cooking fuel.

A.那些没有足够木材的人们得花费大量的钱来烧饭。

B.那些没有足够多木材的人们得依靠大量的钱来购买烹饪燃料。

C.那些没有足够木材的人们得花费大量的金钱购买烹饪燃料。

5. Solar ovens consist of a system of reflectors and a cooking pot.

A.太阳能灶是由反射镜及烹饪锅系统组成的。

B.太阳能灶是一个反射系统和一个锅

C.太阳能灶利用了反射系统和烹饪锅。

答案是:

We _______ two railway tickets online this Monday. 

looked

booked

took

答案是:

--- A: I have an appointment with Mr. Xie at about 10 o’clock tomorrow morning, but would you please postpone it to sometime next week?

---B:  

 It’s my pleasure.

All right.

No, thanks.

答案是:

My agenda is quite full for the whole week, so I can't  an appointment with you.

 draw up

sign

make

答案是:

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

Car crashes are the top killer of American teenagers. Most of the crashes result from distracted driving—not paying attention to the road.

Ryan Didone was a fifteen-year-old passenger in a car that hit a tree. He was one of the nation's more than thirty thousand victims of traffic crashes in 2008. Nearly four thousand deaths, about twelve percent involved drivers age fifteen to twenty. 

Ryan's father, Thomas Didone, is a police captain in Marylan. "It was an inexperienced, immature driver driving at night with a carload of kids. He was distracted, he was going too fast, and it ended up causing one death and some seriously injured." He shares the story of his son's death to help educate teens and their families about distracted driving.

Jim Jennings from the Allstate Insurance Company says the number one cause of distracted-driving accidents is the mobile phone. He says talking on the phone or reaching for it is like drinking four beers and driving. "If you're texting while driving, you are twenty-three times more likely to get into an accident than somebody who isn't."

Government and private groups are using public service announcements and events to bring more attention to the problem. For example, the insurance industry recently held a safety event for teen drivers. At first, nineteen-year-old Kevin Schumann easily avoided large, inflatable dolls thrown in front of the car to represent children. He also avoided orange cones representing the edge of the road. Then, as part of the test, he started texting. He hit several cones and at least one doll. "That's what really opened up the experience for me to prove how bad it is to really text and drive."

Debbie Pickford of Allstate Insurance says teens are especially at risk from distracted driving —and not just because they lack experience on the roads. "According to the research, teens don't really have fully developed brains until they’re twenty-five years old. You put those two things together and you get a much,much higher risk." A new law proposes a graduated driver licensing system. Graduated means teenagers start with restrictions like on night driving and numbers of passengers. They could not get a full driver's license until age eighteen.

According to the passage,   is the most likely to lead to a traffic accident while you are driving.

A.texting on the mobile phone

B.reaching for a cell phone.

C.talking on the mobile phone

2. We can learn from the second paragraph that .

A. drivers who resulted in nearly 4,000 deaths are teenagers

B. over 30,000 victims have died from traffic crashes so far

C. it was at night that Ryan Didone died from a car accident

3. A safety event held by insurance industry was meant to  .

A.attract more teenagers to take part in it

B.draw enough attention to teenagers' distracted driving

C.make more teenagers practice avoiding large barriers

4. The passage is probably followed by a concluding paragraph about  .

A.much higher risk

B.teen brain development

C.measures to be taken

5. Of all the following, which is the best title for the passage?

A.Car Crashes —the Top Killer.

B.Distracted Driving —Let's Avoid!

C.Drunken Driving — Dangerous Enough!

答案是:

________ is known to the world, Mark Twain is a great American writer. 

As

That

Who

答案是:

There is no doubt __________Herbert is the most industrious student in our class.

whether

what

that

答案是:

He __________ a book when the telephone rang.

read

was reading

reads

答案是:

You can go to Mobile Joker Store, ______ is the nearest mobile phone store from here. 

which

where

who

答案是:

The job is great in terms of salary. It has its disadvantages,.

though

however

even

答案是:

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

Mobile phone has become a problem for middle schools. Some middle schools in Australia have banned(禁止) students from carrying mobile phones during school hours. Mobile phone use among children has become a problem for the school this year. Several children have got mobile phones as Christmas gifts, teachers said mobile phone use is a distraction (娱乐) to students during school hours and it also gives teachers so much trouble in their classrooms. Teachers were also saying that sometimes students might use phone messages (消息) to cheat during exams.

She said some schools had tried to ban mobile phones. Some parents felt unhappy because they couldn't get in touch with (与…联系) their children.

Many teachers said students should not have mobile phones at school, but if there was a good reason, they could leave their phones at school office. They also said there were many reasons why the students should not have mobile phones at school: they were easy to lose and were a distraction from studies.

Many people say that they understand why parents would want their children to have phones, but they think schools should let the students know when they can use their mobile phones.

Some middle schools in Australia have banned students from carrying mobile phones  .

A. because they are students

B. when they are free

C. when they are at school

2. We know from the passage that some children get mobile phones from   .           .

A. the makers and sellers

B. the passers-by and strangers

C. their parents and friends

3. What does the underlined word cheat mean in the passage?  .

A. 聊天

B. 作弊

C. 查询  

4. Some parents felt unhappy because they couldn't   during school hours.

A. use their mobile phones

B. get in touch with their children

C. help the teachers with their work

5. The passage tells us that  .

A. students shouldn't have mobile phones at school except for some special reasons

B. it is impossible to ban students from using mobile phones at school

C. some parents felt unhappy because they couldn't use their phones at school 

答案是:

But the Bridge was first _____ to the public, almost one year later, after a series of tests and  evaluations.

open

lead

use

答案是:

Li Lei is___ student in our class.

tall

taller

the tallest

答案是:

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

When Dr. Robert Metcalf first used a solar cooker, the future changed for millions of Africans. He knew that billions of poor people around the world depend on the use of wood for cooking. As they take more and more firewood from wild areas. They are destroying habitats around the world. Wood collection is one reason why many animals have become endangered.

“But sunshine can be an alternative to fire.” Dr. Metcalf says. Since his first solar cooked meal, he has helped people around the world to use simple new technologies to cook their food.

Each morning in villages across East Africa, small children and their mothers wake up and walk several miles to collect firewood to cook their food. It takes much of the day, and the heavy firewood they carry home on their heads lasts only a few days.

This is why Dr. Metcalf spends each summer in Africa. He teaches women and children in villages how to cook with the sun. So far, more than thirty thousand African families now have solar cookers, and new programs will introduce solar cookers to millions of families.

To find water, women and children may have to walk long distance to dig holes in dry riverbeds or to gather water from streams and shallow wells.

They fill their buckets(桶)and carry them home on their heads. The buckets often weigh as

much as forty pounds. Not only is finding water hard work, but the water is often polluted with

germs(细菌)that make people sick.

Dr. Metcalf and others developed a simple,reusable tool that people can use to make sure their water is safe to drink.The tool is calked a WAPI,which stands for “Water Pasteurization Indicator”. The pasteurization process is named after Louis Pasteur,who developed it in the 1800s.

1.Why did Metcalf help Africans use solar cookers?

A.He wanted to help them to fight poverty.

B.He found it a dangerous job to collect firewood.

C.He realized using firewood is not good for the environment.

2.The underlined word “it” in the third paragraph probably refers to" ".

A.collecting firewood                             B.cooking food

C.cooking with the sun                        

3.Each summer Metcalf stays in Africa to   .

A. do research on water

B. take care of sick people

C. spread the technique of using solar cookers

4.Water Pasteurization Indicator was developed to   .

A. kill the bacteria in water

B. honor Louis Pasteur

C. make waste water reusable

 5.It can be inferred from tile passage that    .

A.Africans find it hard to learn to use solar cookers

B.women and children in Africa usually lead a hard life

C.the water Africans drink is not clean though it is easy to get

答案是:

---- ______________________________

---- Yeah. It is the only professional museum about the railway system in China.

Do you know the China Railway Museum?

Excuse me, sir. Where is the China Railway Museum?

Do you mind telling me where you’re from?

答案是:

I’d like to have some big apples instead of small _____.

ones

one

it

答案是:

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容进行判断,正确为“T”,错误为“F”。

The world’s longest high-speed railway route, running from Beijing to Guangzhou, has been in operation for a few years. It cuts travel time between the two cities from 22 hours to only 8 hours. With comfortable seats and quiet cabins, this high-speed line offers a pleasant journey for thousands of travelers.

The high speed railway connects Beijing with five provincial capitals. Part of the line, from Zhengzhou to Guangzhou, was in operation before the whole line was connected. The opening of the Beijing to Zhengzhou section has connected the entire line. It covers a total length of 2,298 kilometers.

The Beijing-Guangzhou line connects one third of China’s population and more than 40 percent of its economic power. Travelers benefit from the efficient network, and find that their hometowns are not that far away.

As the American publication Newsweek puts it: China is now engaged in a “railway revolution”. These 350 kilometer per hour high-speed railway trains have made the country’s vast territory “substantially smaller”, and changed the country economically.

The world’s longest high-speed railway route, running from Beijing to Guangzhou, has been in operation for a few years.

2.It cuts travel time between the two cities from 22 hours to only 6 hours.

3. The opening of the Beijing to Zhengzhou section has linked with the total route.

4.The Beijing-Guangzhou line connects one third of China’s population and more than 40 percent of its economic power.

5.These 350 kilometer per hour high-speed railway trains have made the country’s vast territory “considerably smaller”, and changed the country economically.

答案是:

We are all for your suggestion that the trip ________ . 

is to put off

was put off

be put off

答案是:

 I’m  a business trip for APEC summit, sir. 

on

for

in

答案是:

Cleaner heating system willin Beijing to control air pollution.

be sent

be covered

be established

答案是:

You can buy almost everything, _______ you have access to the Internet and enough money. 

as long as

as big as

so large as

答案是:

We must find a way to cut prices______ reducing our profits too much.

without

despite

with

答案是:

Tony has many Chinese ______. 

 stamp

 stamps

 a stamp

答案是:

二、翻译:从以下A、B、C三个选项中选出与英文最适合的中文翻译。

That's why tiny little apartments with a bedroom, a kitchen and a bathroom come into being.

      A. 这就是为什么小公寓的卧室,一个厨房和一个浴室。

      B. 这就是为什么小的小公寓有一个卧室,一个厨房和一个浴室。

      C. 这就是只有一卧一厨一卫的微型公寓形成的原因。

2. A beautiful little room with love and happiness is a great place to live.

A. 一个美丽的小房间,爱和幸福是一个居住的好地方。

B.  一间充盈爱和幸福的小美屋就是宜居的好地方。

C. 一个美丽的小房间,爱和幸福是一个伟大的地方住。

3. It can also meet the need of people who are short on cash but determined to live in their own places.

A. 它也能满足一些人的需要,他们缺钱,但又决心拥有一个自己的家。

B. 它也可以满足人的需要,缺钱但决定住在自己的地方。

C. 它也能满足需要的人谁是短期的现金,但决心生活在自己的地方。

4. Ted and William have lived under the same roof for five years.

A. 泰德和威廉已经在同一屋檐下生活了五年了.

B. 泰德和威廉在同一个屋檐下生活了五年。

C. 泰德和威廉一起生活了五年。

5. If you travel alone and want to know better family life in Britain, you'd better stay in B & Bs.

A.如果你独自旅行, 想知道更好的家庭生活在英国, 你最好呆在B & Bs。

B.如果你独自旅行,想了解英国的家庭生活,你最好呆在家里。

C.如果你独自旅行并且想更好地了解英国的居民生活,你可以住在B & Bs。

答案是:

---- Welcome back, Mr. Smith! How about your business trip in Japan?

---- ___________________________

Don’t ask me. 

Oh, fantastic! Mr. Mark is so satisfied with our project. 

I don’t like the Japanese food.

答案是:

Oh, that museum was the old Beijing Railway Station. It______ the history of China’s railway development.

exhibit

display

shows

答案是:

--- A: Hello, Bill Burton speaking. 

--- B: Hello, Mr. Burton, this is Jenny Jenkins of Bradford and Sons returning your call. 

 It’s my pleasure.

What can I do for you?

Is that Jenny speaking?

答案是:

Seldom ________ his wife punishes her children for speaking out their own ideas freely. 

do I see

have I seen

I have seen

答案是:

How oftento the dentist?

you go to

do you go 

do you

答案是:

Jamie wants to speak to me private.

on

in

to

答案是:

Miss Liu doesn't mind _______ your homework as long as it is done by yourself. 

 you to delay handing in  

your delaying handing in

your delaying to hand in 

答案是:

The Prize in Economics  ______ in 1968, that is, more than half a century ago.

establish

established

was established

答案是:

— Would you like a glass of wine?

— _____________ I don't drink.

No, thanks.     

Yes, please.   

 I don't like it.     

答案是:

His parents are present there ______, but their minds are somewhere else. 

physically

apparently

psychologically

答案是:

---How are you?

---________

Fine, thanks.

How do you do.  

Nice to meet you.

答案是:

Each apartment only__________15 to 30 square meters for one unit. 

make

spend

 takes

答案是:

 Let's meet at 7:30 outside the gate of ________.

the People's Park

the People Park 

People's Park

答案是:

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

Building a house costs quite a lot of money.Suppose you plan to build a house.Your first step will be to find a right piece of land.Your choice will depend on many different things.You will probably try to find a sunny place, with pleasant surroundings(环境) near shops and bus stops, not too far from your friends and the place where you work.

Next you will find a good builder, and together with the builder you will work out a plan.The builder will draw the plan.It will show the number of rooms, their position and size, and other parts, which must be noticed, such as windows, doors, and electric outlets.The builder will work out how much money is needed to build your house.He will work out the cost of the wood, bricks, the glass, and everything else that must be used in building the house.Later on, when he starts to build, this estimate(预算)must be corrected and revised(修订).His estimate is based on existing prices, but prices of such things may change, and many other things may happen between the time when he makes the estimate and the time when he builds the house.

When the builder gives his estimate, you may wish to change your plan.(You may also wish to change your builder, if his estimate is too high!)You may find that the house you wanted at first costs too much, or that you can spend a little more and add something to your plan.The builder's estimate depends on the plan, but the final plan depends on the builder's estimate.

1.The best title of this passage would be “  ”.

A.Building a House Costs Much Money

B.Estimate Is Important

C.Planning a House

2.The first thing for a person to build a house is   .

A.to get as much money as possible

B.to find a suitable piece of land

C.to work out a plan

3. The phrase “draw a plan” in this passage means   .

 A.making a picture of a building or a room

 B.making a plan

 C.working out a plan

4.When the builder starts to build a house, his estimate will have to be corrected and revised because   .

A.it is wrongly worked out by a workman

B.the future owner of the house thinks the estimate is so high that he cannot afford the building.

C.The prices of building materials and the expenses(费用)of labor may be different from the

original prices and expenses

5.What is the relationship(关系)between the estimate and the plan? 

A.The plan depends on the estimate.

B.The plan has nothing to do with the estimate.

C.The estimate and the plan depend on each other.

答案是:

The __________ are eating _________ at the foot of the mountain.

sheep, grass

sheeps, grasses

 sheeps, grass

答案是:

 It was _______ to see the students’ excitement when they discovered that simple materials could be used to cook food under the sun and the solar cooking really attracts those creative kids.

amazing

amazed

amaze

答案是:

The train______  just three weeks ____ complete a journey that _____ six weeks by sea.

spent…ontakes in to

pay…fortakes on to

took…totakes up to

答案是:

二、翻译:从以下A、B、C三个选项中选出与英文最适合的中文翻译。

 The mobile phone store is about five hundred yards past the gym, on your left.  

A. 手机商店在健身房的左边,离你500步。

B. 手机商店大概离健身房500步,在你的左手边。

C. 手机商店往左拐,然后再走500步。

2. No wonder I got lost. I was heading in the wrong direction!  

A.怪不得我迷路了,原来是我走错方向了!

B.我走错方向了,钱包也丢了。

C.难怪我会丢钱包,原来是放错位置了。

3. It seems that there’s nothing impossible with the little mobile phone.  

A.看来这台小小的智能手机无所不能。

B.这智能手机太小,什么事都干不成。

C. 这智能手机不是任何事都能干。

4. The Smartphone is getting more attention in the house than the child. 

A. 在这个家里,智能手机正在比这孩子得到更多的关注。

B. 在这个家里,孩子更关注智能手机。

C. 孩子在家更关注智能手机。

5. We all need to come out of this head-down syndrome.  

A. 我们都需要摆脱这种低头综合征。

B. 我们都需要走出这种低头综合征。

C. 我们都需要改变摇头的习惯。

答案是:

You know, this bridge ______ Hong Kong, Zhuhai and Macau.

 comes  

connects

likes

答案是:

I suppose you know everything about that event, ________ ?

don't you

do I

do you

答案是:

Have you filled in the application form your passport yet?

in

for

of

答案是:

——  What's your present job?

—— _______________________

 I am 24 years old.

 I just graduated from college.

I'm a film-maker.

答案是:

The book ________ on this subject was written by an old female writer. 

referring

referring to

referred to

答案是:

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容进行判断,正确为“T”,错误为“F”。

An ebook (also referred to as an electronic book, eBook, or e-book) is a digital version (版本)of a print book that you download and read. But if you want to read an ebook, you must have an Ebook Reader, which is a kind of free software used by your computer. Make sure you have installed the appropriate Reader before you download your ebook from the Internet. The software allows you to turn the words on the screen into the size you like. It also helps you turn pages and change your viewing options (计算机屏幕上的阅读选择) Ebooks are a fun alternative to regular books. You can download them to any computers and create your own library of hundreds of titles. If you load them onto your portable computer, you can take them with you when you travel. Some ebooks are even interactive! Best of all, when you order an ebook, their is no waiting and no shipping charges. The amount of time it takes to download your ebook depends on the speed of your connection and the size of your ebook.

1.From this passage, we learn that an ebook  .

A.can be found in any library

B.can be read directly from the Internet

C.can be read when special software is installed

2. The Ebook Reader is used for  .

A. reading an ebook you've downloaded

B. turning a print book into a digital version

C. downloading an ebo0k from the Internet

3. From this passage, we can learn that  .

A. you can read an ebook on a laptop when you travel

B. you can order an ebook using the Ebook Reader

C. the ebooks ordered have to be shipped to you

4. Which of the following statements is TRUE?

A. An ebook is ordered in the same way as a print book is.

B. The size of the words in an ebook cannot be changed.

C. The downloading time is decided by the ebook's size.

5. The passage is mainly about  .

A. a better way to download an Ebook

B. a new kind of book - the Ebooks

C. the new version of Ebooks

答案是:

 Tom is________ than any other players in the school team

tall

taller

tallest

答案是:

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