国家开放大学2024年春《人文英语4》单元自测1-8汇总参考答案160题

2024年4月2918:56:15发布者:国开文档专家 97 views 举报

选择题

  Jim Thorpe was a Native American. He was born in 1888 in an Indian Territory(印第安人保护区)that is now Oklahoma. Like most Native American children then, he liked to fish, hunt, swim, and play games outdoors. He was healthy and strong, but he had very little formal education. In 1950, Jim Thorpe was named the greatest American football player. He was also an Olympic gold medal winner. But Thorpe had many tragedies in his life.

  Jim had a twin brother who died when he was nine years old. By the time he was 16, his mother and father were also dead, Jim then went to a special school in Pennsylvania for Native American children. There, he learned to read and write and also began to play sports. Jim was poor, so he left school for two years to earn some money. During this time, he played on a baseball team. The team paid him only $15 a week. Soon he returned to school to complete his education. Jim was a star athlete (运动员) in several sports, including baseball, running, and football. He won many awards for his athletic ability, mainly for football. In many games, he scored all or most of the points for his team.

  In 1912, when Jim Thorpe was 24 years old, he became part of the U.S Olympic team. He competed in two very difficult events: the pentathlon and the decathlon. Both require great ability and strength. The pentathlon has five track and field events, including the long jump and the 1500-meter race. The decathlon has ten track and field events, with running, jumping and throwing contests.

  People thought it was impossible for an athlete to compete in both the pentathlon and the decathlon. So everyone was surprised when Thorpe won gold medals in both events. When the King of Sweden presented Thorpe with his two gold medals, he said, “Sir, you are the greatest athlete in the world.” Thorpe was a simple and honest man. He just answered, “Thanks, King.”

  1. From the passage we learn that Jim Thorpe was born in   1   .
  A. India
  B. Pennsylvania
  C. Oklahoma

  2. According to the passage, most American Indian children loved all the following EXCEPT   2   .
  A. fishing
  B. singing
  C. swimming

  3. Jim Thorpe started to play sports   3   .
  A. before he was 9 years old
  B. when he was 16 years old
  C. when he was 24 years old

  4. The word decathlon in paragraph 3 probably means   4   .
  A. jumping
  B. five track and field events
  C. ten track and field events

  5. Which of the following is NOT TRUE?   5  
  A. In 1912, Thorpe went back to finish his college education.
  B. Thorpe won two gold medals in the 1912 Olympic Games.
  C. Thorpe once played on a baseball team for money.

答案是:

排序题
A. I couldn't agree more.

B. What else?

C. Once we separate and recycle them.

D. But I have a concern.

E. That is really a great advice.

Peter: Molly, look at this. The newspaper says we should sort trash. 

Molly: That would be great! I always hate it when people mixing all the trash together.

Peter:   1    Many communities have already done that.

Molly: Yeah. The benefits of sorting out trash are obvious.

Peter: For instance?

Molly: If trash is sorted, it can be transferred to factories instead of the disposal plant. 

Peter: That makes sense.   2  

Molly: With trash separated, pollution caused by incineration can be avoided. 

Peter: It is high time for us to sort out the trash. Trash is trash only when everything is mixed together.   3    they can be useful again. 

Molly:   4    Things like paper, glass, and plastics can all be recycled. They can be reused.

Peter: Sorting is good.   5    If people have no idea how to sort their trash, they will still put all waste in the same bag.

Molly: You are right. People should be informed about how to do that in the first place. Moreover, sorting trash should be made easy for us. Otherwise, few people would bother to do it.

Peter: I hope everything goes smoothly!

Molly: I believe it will.

答案是:

选择题

Liu Hui interviews Dr. Smith about the issue of educational inequality.

Liu Hui: Thank you, Dr. Smith, for agreeing to be interviewed by our Campus News Weekly. First, what do you mean by educational inequality?

Dr. Smith: Educational inequality is the disparity that certain students experience in their education as compared to other students. But the meaning of it varies in different social contexts.

Liu Hui: Why does it exist in modern society? 

Dr. Smith: Well, researchers link educational inequality to socioeconomic, racial and geographic reasons.

Liu Hui: So it is very likely that educational inequality exists in different forms in different countries. 

Dr. Smith: Yeah, you are right. For example, in the United States, although skin color is linked to other forms of inequality, it is evident in education.

Liu Hui: Educational inequality exists in China, too. For example, the college entrance rate is much higher in Beijing than in other provinces. How do you think can we someday eradicate the inequality?

Dr. Smith: It's impossible to answer such a big question in few words. Educational inequality has become one of the most important political and social issues in every nation nowadays. There have been numerous attempts at reforms and.....

Well, researchers link educational inequality to   1   . 

A. socioeconomic, racial and educational reasons
B. racial, economic and geographic reasons 
C. racial, socioeconomic and geographic reasons

2. According to the passage,   2   .
A. in the United States, skin color is linked to other forms of inequality, but not in education
B. in the United States, skin color is only linked to the form of inequality in education
C. in the United States, skin color is linked to the inequality in education

3. Educational inequality exists in   3   .
A. China only
B. many countries
C. all the countries

4. What does the word “eradicate” mean in the passage?   4  
A. get rid of
B. cope with
C. carry out

5. What's the attitude of Dr. Smith to the future of education equality?   5  
A. reserved
B. positive
C. negative

答案是:

排序题

A. even without international links

B. Chinese students and academics

C. the crisis on economic growth

D. A strong research system

E. in part because of this  Education and academic quality can mean different things to different people, depending on their perspective, role and context and,   1   , quality is notoriously difficult to evaluate. The question of how to do this has been pursued for many years.

  Nevertheless, the goal of improving educational quality is agreed by all and stimulated further by the recent worldwide economic downturn and the need to counteract the impact of    2    and prepare for economic recovery.

  As the World Bank and UNESCO said 10 years ago: “The quality of knowledge generated within higher education institutions, and its availability to the wider economy, is becoming increasingly critical to national competitiveness.” They also rightly emphasized that “   3    at the national level opens up the possibility that substantial additional public benefits can be realized through international links.”

  This is precisely why    4    should contribute to these global benefits, reforming and improving evaluation systems for educational and academic quality. Original and good research, especially in science, economics and social sciences, has a trickle-down effect on society. And it offers additional benefits   5   , though international collaboration and exchange of the best evaluation policy and practice can bring substantial advantages to all partners in relation to lessons learned elsewhere.

答案是:

选择题  Maggie Walker was born in 1867 in Richmond, Virginia. Her mother was once a slave in a rich woman's house. When Maggie was very young, a thief killed her father. Her family was impoverished, so Maggie's mother started doing laundry in her home. Maggie had to help her. She washed clothes every day, but she continued to go to school. She was a very good student, especially in math.

  After Maggie graduated from high school, she got a job as a teacher. In 1886, she married Armistead Walker. They had two sons and Maggie stayed home to care for them. She also volunteered to help a social organization called the Order of St. Luke. This organization helped African Americans take care of the sick and bury the dead. Maggie Walker loved the work of the organization. The organization believed that African Americans should take care of each other.

  Over the years, Maggie Walker had more and more responsibilities with the organization. In 1895, she suggested that St. Luke begin a program for young people. This program became very popular with schoolchildren. In 1899, Walk became Grand Secretary Treasurer of the St. Luke organization. However, because she was a woman, she received less than half the salary of the man who had the job before her.

  The Order of St. Luke had a lot of financial difficulties when Walker took over. It had a lot of unpaid bills and only 

100,000 office building and increased its staff to 55. Now Walker was ready for her next big step.

  1. Maggie's father died   1   .

  A. when she finished high school
  B. before she was born 
  C. when she was very young

  2. Which of the following is NOT TRUE?   2  

  A. Maggie had two children.
  B. Maggie was once a slave. 
  C. Maggie was good at math.

  3. Which of the following is TRUE?   3  

  A. Maggie loved to help other African Americans.
  B. Maggie was very popular with school teachers.
  C. Maggie was the founder of the Order of St. Luke.

  4. The word impoverished in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to   4   .

  A. difficult
  B. rich
  C. poor

  5. After Paragraph 4, the author will probably talk about Maggie's    5   .

  A. education
  B. next project
  C. pay

答案是:

选择题  When Bill de Blasio ran for New York City mayor last year, he promised to end a controversial (有争议的), citywide cell-phone ban(禁令)in public schools, which is not equally enforced in all schools. Now, under his leadership, the city is preparing to end the ban. It will be replaced by a policy that allows phones inside schools but tells students to keep them packed away during class.

  Many schools have a rule about enforcing the ban that says, “If we don't see it, we don't know about it.” That means teachers are OK with students bringing in cell phones, as long as they stay out of sight and inside bags and pockets.

  But at the 88 city schools with metal detectors, die ban has been strictly enforced. The detectors were installed to keep weapon out of schoolsbut the scanners(扫描器)can also detect cell phones. So students at these schools must leave their phones at home or pay someone to store it for them.

  The ban was put into place in 2007 under mayor Michael Bloomberg. Ending the ban will also likely end an industry that has sprung up near dozens of the schools that enforce the ban. Workers in vans(厢式货车)that resemble food tracks store teens' cell phones and Other devices for a dollar a day,

  Critics of the ban say cell phones are important safety devices for kids during an emergency. They also say that enforcement of the ban is uneven and discriminatory. Where the ban is enforced, it puts a disadvantage on students who can't afford to pay to store their phones.

  Before putting an official end to the cell-phone ban, city education officials are working on creating a new policy. It will include rules about not using the phones during class or to cheat on tests.

  1. Which of the following is the main idea of the passage?   1  

  A. New York City will give financial aid to poor students.
  B. New York City plans to restrict cell phone use in libraries.
  C. New York City will soon end a ban on cell phones in schools.

  2. Students pay   2    a day to leave their cell phones in a van parked near their school.

  A. a dollar
  B. two dollars
  C. five dollars

  3. Metal detectors were installed in 88 city schools, mainly to keep   3    out of schools.

  A. cell phones
  B. weapons
  C. drugs

  4. The word discriminatory in Paragraph 5 probably means   4   .

  A. necessary
  B. tough
  C. unfair

  5. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?   5  

  A. After the cell-phone ban is ended, students can use their phones during class.
  B. The cell-phone ban is equally enforced in all public schools.
  C. A phone-storage industry has appeared outside the 88 metal-detector campuses.

答案是:

正误判断题
To: Guangzhou People's Court

Plaintiff: Handcup Marketing

Domicile: No. 33, 4th Road, New York

Legal Representative: Qingguo Su

Position: Manager of Handcup Marketing

Defendant: South China Corporation

Domicile: No. 21 South Binjiang Road, Guangzhou

Legal Representative: Bai Mei

Position: Manager of the South China Corporation

CLAIMS:

  1. To order the Defendant to pay to the Plaintiff 18,000,000 RMB, including 15,000,000 RMB for the dispatched products and 3,000,000 RMB for the interest.

  2. To order the Defendant to pay for the court fees.

FACTS AND REASONS

  The defendant is the plaintiff's distributor in Southern China. From September 2010 to October 2011, the plaintiff issued all kinds of products worth 15,000,000 RMB to the defendant.see Exhibit I

  Each of the said transactions was signed and received by the defendant (see Exhibit II). Although the plaintiff had repeatedly requested, the defendant failed to pay the debt on time.

  The indebtedness arising out of the transactions between the plaintiff and the defendant shall be under the legal power of Chinese laws. The defendant refused to accept mediation. The plaintiff is now facing huge economic losses (see Exhibit III). Therefore, in accordance with relevant Chinese laws and regulations, the defendant should bear corresponding civil responsibility.

  According to Articles 106 and 112 in the PRC General Civil Law, Article 108 in the PRC Civil Procedural Law and other related laws and regulations, the plaintiff hereby files this case with the court for your adjudication.

  PlaintiffHandcup Marketing

  DateMay 14th, 2012

ATTACHMENTS

  1. One copy of the plaintiff's business license

  2. One copy of the original Certificate of the Legal Representative

  3. One copy of the original Power of Attorney

  4. Exhibit I: Invoices for each transaction

  5. Exhibit II: Receipts for each transaction

  6. Exhibit III: List of losses.

Handcup Marketing is suing South China Corporation of not paying for the transactions.   1  

2. Qingguo Su is a lawyer.   2  

3. The plaintiff has got well prepared before filing the lawsuit.   3  

4. The plaintiff didn't know which laws and regulations should be applied in this case.   4  

5. The defendant owed the plaintiff RMB 15,000,000 for the dispatched products.   5  

答案是:

选择题

Alternative Legal Billing – Win Strategies

  Hourly billing is the best way to be charged for legal services. About 95 percent of lawyers still perform their legal work on an hourly basis. If you want something better than the old “bill by the hour” deal, try presenting one of these billing structures.

Project billing for routine issues

  If your legal needs include large but repetitive tasks, consider a flat-fee approach. Once you get a project billing estimate, don't hesitate to shop around to compare prices and services with other law firms. A firm may provide a better deal if it expects future work from your company.

Results-oriented options

  “Pay-according-to-success” is one choice. It considers fees based on the outcome of the case and the performance of your counsel. Contingency fees turn the matter into a shared risk or shared encouragement, making the law firm your business partner, not just representation.

Multi-layered tasks

  If you're shopping for a firm for actual legal work involving a number of legal specialties, consider using blended hourly fees. The firm calculates in advance an “average” rate based on the anticipated time each lawyer spends on the matter.

  This arrangement helps the client to avoid paying a senior partner's hourly rate for research that should be conducted by a junior associate.

  Legal “Insurance”

  The contract fee allows the client to pick up the phone and talk to the lawyer without needing to eye the clock. This approach works like a legal insurance policy. It encourages companies to contact their counsel on non-litigation, non-crisis matters, and to save money in the long run by engaging in more preventive legal action.

  1.   1    is the best way to be charged for legal services.

  A. Results-oriented billing
  B. Hourly billing
  C. Flat-fee billing

  2. A flat-fee approach   2   .

  A. is suitable for repetitive tasks
  B. is useless
  C. is the best choice.

  3.   3    make the law firm share your risk and encouragement.

  A. Contract fees
  B. Blended hourly fees
  C. Contingency fees

  4. Legal work involving a number of legal specialties should consider using   4   .

  A. blended hourly fees
  B. insurance fees
  C. hourly fees

  5. You have to eye the clock when you talk to the lawyer when you choose   5   .

  A. legal “Insurance”
  B. the old “bill by the hour” deal
  C. a flat-fee approach

答案是:

选择题  Since its founding in 1948, McDonald's has grown from a family burger(汉堡包)stand to a global fast-food chain, with more than 30,000 locations in 118 countries.

  With 58 million daily customers worldwide, McDonald's is now so ubiquitous around the globe that The Economist publishes a global ranking of currencies' purchasing power based on the prices charged at the local McDonald's, called the Big Mac Index(巨无霸指数).That's not to say that every nation carries the same menu items: choices vary widely depending on location. Some Asian locations serve fried shrimp in a Big Mac roll, while McDonald's in India doesn't serve beef at all, relying instead on burgers made from vegetables, rice and beans.

  Not everyone in the world has been happy to greet Ronald McDonald when he moves to town. Many see McDonald's as a symbol of American economic and cultural chauvinism(沙文主义), and European nations in particular have viewed American-style fast food as an insult to their national food. A French farmer, Jose Bove, became something of a national hero in 1999 after he and a group of people destroyed a McDonald's under construction to protest globalization and “bad food.” The next year, a bomb exploded in a French McDonald's, killing a 27-year-old employee. No one claimed responsibility.
But regardless of whether you like their food or their policies, McDonald's is still widely seen as one of the true pioneers of peaceful globalization.

  1. According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT TRUE?   1  

  A. McDonald's was founded in 1948.
  B. McDonald's has opened its restaurants in every city of the world.
  C. McDonald's has over 30,000 locations in the world now.

  2. The word ubiquitous in Paragraph 2 is most likely to mean   2   .

  A. very crowded
  B. very clean
  C. existing everywhere

  3. From Paragraph 2, we can conclude that   3   .

  A. McDonald's designs its menu to suit the local people
  B. millions of young adults got their first job with McDonald's
  C. the McDonald's menu sticks to old-fashioned favorites such as the Big Mac

  4. What did Jose Bove and his people do in 1999 to protest against McDonald's?   4  

  A. They destroyed a McDonald's under construction.
  B. They protested outside a McDonald's.
  C. They refused to go to a newly-built McDonald's.

  5. In   5   , an employee died in a fatal bomb attack on a McDonald's restaurant in France.

  A. 1998
  B. 1999
  C. 2000

答案是:

选择题

  It can be really frustrating (使人沮丧的) for an overweight person to go to a gym and work out with a positive attitude. All one has to do is walk by almost any nice gym and notice all the healthy, sweating, “skinny” members. Sometimes they stare at those of us who are, well, zaftig. It is easy to see the judgment behind their eyes. Who wants to put up with that?

  Many people are self-conscious of their bodies and feel isolated when joining workout classes of while exercising, especially if they are larger than most of the others in the group. Now the fitness industry is finally paying attention. Popular gyms are catering (迎合) to overweight and weight conscious customers by dedicating areas where the “skinny” people are not allowed.

  There are even gyms or programs that require members to be at least 50 pounds overweight to participate.

  Trainers recommend functional fitness as a practical goal, rather than six-pack abs(六块腹肌). They often use text messages to stay in touch with customers.

  Often at these specialized gyms, the trainers are overweight themselves, or working on their own weight goals, and this can help those people with anxiety caused by poor body image. The equipment has been designed for use by larger people. Wider seats, more cushioning, no mirrors, and tinted (有色的) windows for privacy, are all important changes.
Hopefully these types of gyms will successfully grow in numbers in the future. The idea is a very simple and potentially popular one. If it helps those of us who are bigger exercise more and improve our fitness level, it's a step in the right direction.

  1. The word zaftig in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to   1   .

  A. fat
  B. healthy
  C. friendly

  2. We can infer from the first two paragraphs that   2   .

  A. most large gym chains really don't want members to show up frequently
  B. overweight people are often frustrated and pushed away by traditional gym industry
  C. regular gyms don't accept overweight people to participate in their programs

  3. What is the training goal in the gyms catering to overweight members?   3  

  A. To achieve functional fitness.
  B. To build six-pack abs.
  C. To look like a fitness model.

  4. As for the gyms catering to overweight members, which of the following statements is NOT TRUE?   4  

  A. The machines are designed for larger people.
  B. Tinted windows are used to ensure extra privacy.
  C. There are large mirrors on the walls.

  5. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?   5  

  A. Improving Women's Self-confidence through Exercises.
  B. The traditional Gym Industry Is Losing Its Customers.
  C. Specialized Gyms Designed for Overweight People.

答案是:

选择题

  Babies who are breast-fed may be more likely to be successful in life, a new study published Tuesday suggests. The study followed more than 3,000 babies into adulthood in Brazil. The researchers found those who were breast-fed scored slightly higher in intelligence tests in their 30s, stayed in school longer and earned more money than those who were given formula(配方奶粉).

  “Breast-feeding not only has short-term benefits, but also breast-feeding has long-term benefits, ” says Bernardo Lessa Horta of the Federal University of Pelotas in Brazil, who led the study being published in The Lancet Global Health.

  Doctors have long known that breast-feeding can be good for a baby's health. This is especially true in poor countries, where water can be contaminated. For instance, a baby given formula in developing countries is 14 times more likely to die in the first six months than one who's breast-fed. In the U.S., some research has suggested that breast-feeding may raise a baby's IQ(智商)by a few points. But a recent study with siblings(兄弟姐妹)found little advantage to breast-feeding.

  Horta says these previous studies didn't follow children into adulthood to see if breast-feeding had long-term effects. So Horta analyzed data collected from 3,493 volunteers he and his colleagues have been following since birth. They are now in their 30s. First, the researchers gave the subjects IQ tests. Those who were breast-fed for 12 months or more had IQ test scores that were 3.76 points higher than those who were breast-fed for less than one month, the team found.

  When Horta and his colleagues looked at how much education the subjects had gotten and how much money they were making, they also found a clear difference: Those who were breast-fed the longest stayed in school for about an extra year and had monthly salaries that were about a third higher.

  1. From the passage, we learn that Horta   1   .

  A. is from Brazil
  B. conducts his research in the U.S.
  C. has 30 researchers on his team

  2. Which of the following about those who were breast-fed is NOT mentioned?   2  
  A. They stayed longer in school
  B. They were happier
  C. They were smarter

  3. Which of the following is TRUE?   3  

  A. Doctors don't understand the benefits of breast-feeding.
  B. Horta is concerned with water contamination in poor countries.
  C. Horta's research project lasted about 30 years

  4. The word contaminated in Paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to   4   .

  A. finished
  B. interested
  C. polluted

  5. Which of the following is an appropriate title for this passage?   5  

  A. Researchers Have Pointed Out the Disadvantages of Breast-feeding
  B. Researchers Have Found Out the Shortcomings of Formula
  C. Breast-feeding Improves Chances of Success

答案是:

填写主题句
I. Read the passage and choose the right sub-title (A-D) for each paragraph.


A. The inexactitude of language

B. Preventing misunderstandings

C. Intercultural communication

D. Fostering respect

E. Avoiding conflicts
Para 1    1  

  Intercultural communication refers to messages transmitted between members of two or more different societies. Effective intercultural communication helps firms avoid conflict, prevent misunderstandings, and foster respect.

Para 2    2  

  The workplace is growing more diverse every day. Managers cannot assume that what they find inoffensive will also be inoffensive to their subordinates. A lack of sensitivity can lead to claims of discrimination or harassment, which costs firms big money. Intercultural communication involves exercising sensitivity and tact to avoid such conflicts.

Para 3    3  

  We human beings have developed language to communicate ideas to one another. Still, our language represents an imperfect form of communication. Sometimes, words cannot accurately convey an idea, because the information might be highly complex. Also, a concept that exists in one culture or language might not be part of another. Effective intercultural communication tries to bridge language gaps as effectively as possible so that everyone at the workplace finds themselves on the same page.

Para 4    4  

  Given the inexactitude of language, misunderstandings can frequently arise between people from different cultures when they exchange information. Idioms often become lost in translation. For example, the English expression “to shoulder responsibility” translates into Swedish as “be a man for your hat”. Intercultural communication does not rely on expressions native to a particular language that could lead to confusion; rather, it relies on clear messages that all parties understand.

Para 5    5  

  Communication happens differently in various cultures. What one society finds acceptable may be anathema to another. When coworkers from different cultures do not take these differences into account, not only does communication suffer but conflicts come to the fore. Effective intercultural communication does not try to ignore societal differences; rather, it respects the variations among the human race and enables people to transmit information clearly.

答案是:

选择题  Charity is a concept which dates back to Biblical times, when helping the poor was something that rich people basically did to make themselves feel good. Social work has its roots in charity, as it originally began around the time of the industrial revolution when there were many poor people and society was seeking a way of dealing with the poor and social problems. Although social work began as charity work, it has expanded a lot and needs to be seen from a completely different perspective.

  Modern-day social work deals not only with poverty and the subsequent problems, but also with the problems arising from various types of “social fear” (“social phobias”) and discrimination such as sexism, racism, and discrimination against an individual due to his age, or mental or physical disabilities. Social workers deal with the consequences of these discriminations as well as consequences that arise from sexual abuse, drug abuse, and various other problems.

  Social work provides an important service to society. Individuals and families in need of help are the focus of it, and are re ferred to as clients. Social workers help clients live a productive life in their own community. In order to reach this goal, they often enlist the assistance of family members, relatives, local religious leaders, and other influential members of the community. Although institutionalization may be necessary at times, it is a temporary solution. Social workers usually serve in the front line, and reach out to the clients soon after problems occur. The goal is to help clients return to normal life in a natural setting.

  1. The charity originally means to   1   .

  A. help the poor that makes the rich feel good.
  B. help clients return to normal life.
  C. serve the whole society.

  2. When does social work begin?   2  

  A. around the time of the industrial revolution
  B. Biblical times
  C. modern time

  3. Modern-day social work deals with the following problems except   3   ?

  A. poverty
  B. racism
  C. education

  4. In order to help clients live a productive life, social workers can turn to the assistance of   4   .

  A. government
  B. family members
  C. businessmen

  5. Which statement about social work is NOT True?   5  

  A. Social work roots from charity.
  B. Social work deals not only with poverty and the subsequent problems, but also with various social fear and discrimination.
  C. Social work is that the rich people want to help the poor people.

答案是:

选择题

  Imagine a school that expected its students to become literate(有读写能力的) without any formal instruction. Most parents would be alarmed by such an approach, which would leave their children confused and with gaps in their understanding. This however has been the philosophy on character development in many of our schools. Why is the development of character seen as somehow different from the other skills that we teach?

  Of course there will always be learning by osmosis(耳濡目染)in any school, but as a teacher and primary school head I have found that a child's moral literacy is strengthened when they acquire the building blocks of good character such as consideration, courage and honor: qualities which are commonly known as virtue(美德).

  I personally find that exploring a virtue over a two-week period provides a simple and effective program that allows for the creative input of both teacher and student and a chance for the virtue to embed(使融入)itself. Once a lesson on a virtue such as honesty has been completed we need to allow time for children to practice this concept just as would be the case with fractions or verbs. Allowing children to role play a situation such as making up excuses to cover a mistake can be enormously interesting, and the drama can be frozen allowing the characters to be questioned about their feelings and motives. It's also a safe way for children to experience for themselves how a lie usually goes out of control.

  Our role as educators is also to look for opportunities to help our students as they attempt to strengthen their characters. When something goes wrong we guide the young person to the virtue that will prevent it from happening again. For instance, when am student thoughtlessly disturbs the calm atmosphere of the library, instead of a response such as, "that was really disrespectful and selfish of you!" we draw out from them the required virtue: "When you're walking through the library, what virtues do you need to use?"

  1. Which of the following is the main idea of this passage?   1  

  A. Teaching morals and values has been a frequently discussed topic in the past few years.
  B. The author and his staff embed virtues into lessons and school life to encourage character development in children.
  C. Kids throughout the population face the same needs, the same challenges, and the same realities in their lives.

  2. We can infer from the first paragraph that   2   .

  A. there tends to be disagreement about what character education is
  B. most parents are not satisfied with the teaching methods adopted in schools
  C. the approach to character education is generally considered different from the approaches to other skills

  3. The word "philosophy" in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to   3   .

  A. study
  B. subject
  C. viewpoint 

  4. The author is a   4   .

  A. teacher
  B. librarian
  C. reporter 

  5. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage as a way to build character in children?   5  

  A. Story readings and discussions.
  B. Osmosis.
  C. Taking every opportunity to teach character.

答案是:

选择题

  Is that 6 a.m. wokeout getting in the way of good sleep? Don't think your fat cells won't notice. A new study published in The Annals of Internal Medicine (a medical journal) finds that inadequate shut-eye has a harmful effect on fat cells, reducing their ability to respond to insulin (胰岛素) by about 30 percent. Over the long-term, this decreased response could set the stage for type-2 diabetes (a medical condition in which someone has too much sugar in his or her blood), fatty liver disease and weight gain.

  The study adds to a growing body of evidence that there' “an intimate relationship between the amount of sleep we get and our ability to maintain a good, healthy body weight,” says sleep expert Helene Emsellem, director of the Center for Sleep and Wake Disorders in Chevy Chase, Maryland. But Americans don't seem to be getting the message that we need seven to nine hours par night. More than 1 in 5 of us, according to a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, is getting six or fewer hours of sleep per night, on average.

  So how did researchers study fat cells in the Annals paper? Matthew Brady of the University of Chicago and a group of colleagues selected and persuaded seven volunteers to take part in the research project. They were all young, thin and healthy and agreed to sleep for eight nights in a sleep lab. “For four nights they were allowed to stay in bed for 8.5 hours a night,” says Brady. Then, a month later, they came back for four additional nights——but this time they were allowed just 4.5 hours of sleep per night. And after each visit, researchers got a sample of their fat. Brady explains that the fat cells responded significantly to the loss of sleep. “I was very surprised to be honest,” he says.

  Bad things can happen when fat cells become less responsive to insulin. “Fat cells are actually your friend,” he says. “They're there to store lipids (血脂).” When lipids stay inside the cells, your body can utilize the fat when you're exercising or sleeping or going about your day. “However, when fat cells stare to become insulin resistant, the lipids star to leach out of the fat cells and rise in the bloodstream,” Brady says.

  1. According to the passage, lack of sleep for a long while can probably lead to all of the following EXCEPT   1   .

  A. heart disease
  B. weight gain
  C. diabetes

  2. The main idea of the third paragraph is    2   .

  A. how to write a medical research paper
  B. how to avoid sleep loss
  C. how the research was conducted

  3. What does the “leach” in the last paragraph probably mean?   3  

  A. Leap.
  B. Lead.
  C. Leak.

  4. Which of the following is NOT TRUE according to the passage?   4  

  A. We will be in trouble if our fat cells become less responsive to insulin.
  B. More and more studies are done to study the link between sleep and weight.
  C. More than 20% of Americans are not getting enough sleep.

  5. Which of the following is an appropriate title for this passage?   5  

  A. Poor Sleep May Lead to Too Much Stored Fat and Disease
  B. Sleep Experts Had Exciting Findings in a Fat Study
  C. Americans Should Have More Than Six Hours of Sleep

答案是:

排序题
A. Does it cost the same for every household?

B. You can pay right here, on the Internet!

C. Just go ahead.

D. We do for the live Cable TV programs.

E. Exactly, even digital boxes.

Liu Hui: Gordon, may I ask you a question?

Gordon: Hi, Liu Hui.   1   .

Liu Hui: Do I need to pay for a TV license if I only watch TV online in the UK?

Gordon: Yes, indeed. You need to be covered by a TV license if you watch or record programs as they're being shown on TV or live on an online TV service.

Liu Hui: Including watching TV on computers and mobile phones?

Gordon:   2   . It is the law.

Liu Hui: I see. How much is the license fee?

Gordon: It costs £145.50 for a color TV license and £49.00 for a black and white TV license.

Liu Hui: That's a lot of money for a year.   3   ?

Gordon: It costs the same for all applicants under 75. When you reach the age of 75, you may apply for a free Over 75 TV License.

Liu Hui: I see.

Gordon: Do you need such a license in China?

Liu Hui:   4   .

Gordon: Oh, it sounds similar. But for BBC, the license fee is the main source of income. There is no advertising on the BBC channels.

Liu Hui: By the way, where should I go to pay for my license?

Gordon:   5   .

Liu Hui: Well, sure! Thank you!

答案是:

选择题  Respondent: Binhai People's Hospital

  Address: No 7, Binhai Road, Binhai City

  The following answer is given to Zhang Hua's claim for personal-injury compensation by the Binhai People's Hospital:

  1. The respondent does not have a direct contractual relationship with Zhang Hua. Zhang Hua had an oral contract to remove the high-voltage meter cabinet with Binhai No. 2 Construction Installation Company on June 10, 2008. He was assigned by Binhai No. 2 Construction and Installation Company and therefore has no direct contractual relationship with the respondent.

  2. Binhai No. 2 Construction and Installation Company should be responsible for compensating Zhang Hua for the following reasons. Firstly, according to PRC laws and relevant judicial interpretations, Binhai No. 2 Construction and Installation Company shall be responsible for any injury employees suffered in the contract performance. Secondly, Zhang Hua seriously violated the operational procedure in removing the high-voltage meter cabinet and failed to pay due attention thereto.

  3. The respondent shall not be responsible for compensating the injuries of Zhang Hua. According to the General Principles of the Civil Law, any person engaged in highly dangerous operations shall be responsible for compensation. In this case, the respondent entered into a contract with Binhai No. 2 Construction and Installation Company, whereby the source of high danger shifted to Binhai No. 2 Construction and Installation Company. Binhai No. 2 Construction and Installation Company became the subject of the dangerous operation, and therefore any damages caused in the contract performance by Binhai No. 2 Construction and Installation Company have no connection with the respondent.

  Therefore, Binhai People's Hospital is not liable for compensating Zhang Hua. We hereby request the court to reject the plaintiff's action according to law.

  To  Binhai City Intermediate People's Court
  Respondent: Binhai People's Court
  Date: May 10th, 2011

  1. According to the plaintiff,   1    should be responsible for compensating Zhang Hua.

  A. Binhai People's Hospital
  B. Binhai No. 2 Construction and Installation Company
  C. Binhai City Intermediate People's Court

  2. Zhang Hua had an oral contract with   2   .

  A. 2 Construction and Installation Companies
  B. Binhai No. 2 Construction and Installation Company
  C. Binhai City Intermediate People's Court

  3. The respondent stated   3    reasons to reject Zhang Hua's claim.
  A. 1
  B. 2
  C. 3

  4. Zhang Hua himself   4    bear some responsibilities.

  A. should
  B. shouldn't
  C. mustn't

  5.   5    was quoted by the respondent.

  A. the PRC General Civil Law
  B. the PRC Civil Procedural Law
  C. General Principles of the Civil Law

答案是:

正误判断题  NEW YORK – The five men facing trial in the Sept. 11 attacks will plead not guilty. They would state their criticisms of U.S. foreign policy, the lawyer for one of the defendants said Sunday.

  Scott Fenstermaker, the lawyer for accused terrorist Ali Abd al-Aziz Ali, said the men would not deny their role in the 2001 attacks but “would explain what happened and why they did it.”

  Ali and four other men are accused of killing nearly 3,000 people in the nation's deadliest terrorist attack. The U.S. Justice Department announced earlier this month that they will face a civilian federal trial just blocks from the World Trade Center site.

  Ali is also known as Ammar al-Baluchi. He is a nephew of claimed 9/11 planner, Khalid Sheikh Mohammed.

  Mohammed, Ali and the others will explain “their assessment of American foreign policy,” Fenstermaker said.

  “Their assessment is negative,” he said.

  Fenstermaker met with Ali last week at the U.S. prison at Guantanamo Bay in Cuba. He has not spoken with the others. But he said the men have discussed the trial among themselves.

  Fenstermaker was first quoted in The New York Times in Sunday's editions.

  Critics of Attorney General Eric Holder decided to try the men in a New York City civilian courthouse. It has warned that the trial would provide the defendants with a propaganda platform.

  Dean Boyd, a spokesman for the Department of Justice, said Sunday that while the men may attempt to use the trial to express their views, “we believe the courts and the federal judge may govern the trial. The course of justice will be led appropriately and with minimal break, as federal courts have done in the past.”

  1. The five men thought that the U.S. foreign policy should be blamed for the 911 attack.   1  

  2. Scott Fenstermaker is the lawyer for Ali Abd al-Aziz Ali and four other men.   2  

  3. Nearly 3,000 people were killed in the 911 attack.   3  

  4. The press didn't care about this civilian federal trial.   4  

  5. We can infer from the article that the prisoners also have their freedom to express their own views in the U.S.A.   5  

答案是:

选择题

  Graffiti painting is traditionally a daredevil pursuit. Teenagers dodge security guards to put their names on trains and buses. But over the past decade, graffiti has all but disappeared from Britain's cities. Between 2007 and 2012 the number of incidents of graffiti recorded by the British Transport Police fell by 63%. A survey by the Environment Ministry shows that fewer places are blighted by tags than ever. Graffiti are increasingly confined to sanctioned walls, such as the Stockwell ball courts. In time the practice may die out entirely.

  The most obvious reason for the decline in tagging and train-painting is better policing. Numerous CCTV cameras mean it is harder to get away with painting illegally. And punishments are more severe. A generational shift is apparent, too. Fewer teenagers are getting into painting walls. They prefer to play with iPads and video games. Some have gone to art school and want to make money from their paintings. The Internet means that painters can win far more attention by posting pictures online than they can by breaking into a railway yard.

  Taggers and graffiti artists mostly grew up in the 1980s and 1990s. Those men—and almost all are men—are now older and less willing to take risks. Graffiti may eventually disappear. But for now the hobby is almost respectable. The former graffiti artists paint abandoned warehouses at the weekend. It has become something to do on a Sunday afternoon—a slightly healthier alternative to sitting and watching football.

  1.Teenagers are not afraid of being caught by security guards when they put their names on trains and buses.   1  

  2.Less tags can be found in public places nowadays.   2  

  3.Because of better policing graffiti decreases.   3  

  4.Some teenagers go to art school in order to learn to paint walls.   4  

  5.Taggers and graffiti artists are still willing to take risks.   5  

答案是:

正误判断题  I've been living in the country for more than 10 years. It means quietness, privacy, harmony and peace for me.

  Living in the country requires an active lifestyle. It involves activities like doing daily chores, preparing firewood for winter heating, feeding animals including pets and livestock, tending the garden, or securing fences, etc. For me, the most attractive activities are fishing, hunting and hiking. I enjoy seeing what nature has to offer everyday through a simple walk down the little trail, or a relaxing drive along the country road with patches of green grass ornamented with wildlife sightings of birds, moose, bears, deer, etc.

  Living the country life helps us appreciate some of the simpler things, things that make us feel good about ourselves and the world. It may be just a get together on a Saturday at the local farmers market, or a project or a problem that the community might pull together to help solve. I have participated in a few community projects, like dealing with out-of-control grass fires, a roof that collapsed from a large snow fall, or even helping a recent widow with fire wood for the winter. Sometimes I am surprised by how much benefit we receive from helping others and as for this community I can’t say enough.

  I really enjoy living the country life. I know it’s not for everyone, but I know it's for me.

  1. The author has lived in the countryside for more than a decade, and he/she loves living there.   1  

  2. Living in the country is not busy at all.   2  

  3. The author takes a walk or drives along country roads almost every day.   3  

  4. People living in the country usually go shopping every Saturday.   4  

  5. According to the author, nobody dislikes countryside life.   5  

答案是:

排序题
A. For many students

B. a major barrier

C. equality in access to education

D. different people

E. non-traditional students

  The National Union of Students (NUS) welcomes the news that greater numbers of black and disabled students are studying at UK universities, but there is still a lot of work to be done on widening access, writes the union's president, Gemma Tumelty.

  A recent Department of Communities and Local Government (DCLG) equalities review showed that significant numbers of potential students felt their disability was    1    to accessing higher education (HE). This is simply unacceptable. 

  Equality and diversity is not entirely a “numbers game” and before too much praise is given we need to hear more from    2    , not just about their experience of accessing higher education but also going through the system.

  Equality in society is absolutely, and fundamentally, linked to    3   .

     4   , university is the place where they will be first exposed to different cultures and   5   . As well as fighting for better access, the NUS wants to see diversity properly valued and promoted within the student experience. Many pay lip service to the value of diversity, but is this recognized and promoted as a core asset to those who go through the HE system?

  Equality in society can be promoted by equality and diversity at university. But the benefits of university as a positive, diverse environment must be seen by students as adding “value” as much as any other factors before the numbers game is really won by the champions of diversity.

答案是:

正误判断
James Bush

35 West 9 Avenue

Pensacola, FL23506

P: (03) 86661234

M: 0651 222555

E: james.bush@hotmaill.com.us.

[Date]

Nick C. Brown

Hiring Manger

Saint Louis Mental Health Service

16 Mary Street

River Dale, IL 566077

Dear Mr. Brown,

  I wish to apply for the position of Social Worker as advertised on seek.com.au. Please find my resume attached.

  For almost two years I have worked as Mental Health Case Manager for Truecare and their Housing and Accommodation Support Initiative. During the time I have proven my ability to work with an interdisciplinary team, and also developed interpersonal skills and strong professional relationships with clients, including individuals, families and community groups. In my work I have acquired a thorough understanding of the Mental Health Act of 2014 in relation to social work.

  My duties have included providing psychosocial support to clients, in the form of one-on-one counselling as well as group therapy; developing and overseeing treatment plans for clients; advising family caregivers; and consulting with doctors, therapists and medical professionals. I was awarded with the New Employee Achievement Award for my work on a difficult case in 2015. My strong verbal and written communication skills have been well utilized in this role and I have also demonstrated solid organizational skills in my case management.

  I have a strong desire to make a positive difference in people's lives and I believe I would be an asset to St Paul's Hospital if given the opportunity.

  If you require more information please contact me at the phone numbers above. I am available for interviews and hope to hear from you soon.

Yours sincerely
James Bush

James has almost two-year experiences of social work.   1  

2. James provides psychosocial support to clients, in the form of group therapy.   2  

3. James does not give advice to family caregivers.   3  

4. James's strong verbal and written communication skills have been well used in this position.   4  

5. James believes he would be a valuable staff to St Paul's Hospital if given the opportunity.   5  

答案是:

正误判断题  All communication begins with the sender and ends with the receiver. The sender is responsible for successful conveyance. The sender's personality, beliefs, cultural and educational background all influence the message and it is important for the sender to be aware of this as he or she is encoding the message. Simply put, encoding is translating information into symbols that represent the ideas or concepts of the message that needs sending. These symbols are usually words in written or spoken form. To ensure successful communication, the sender should know as much about his or her audience – the receiver – as possible in order to focus and support the encoding process.

  In addition to this awareness of self and encoding, the sender must choose the proper channel for conveying the message. Using the wrong channel may result in miscommunication. Like the sender, receivers are influenced by internal factors: their personality, their receptivity to the message or their relationship to the sender. Additionally, their current feelings, mood, or state of mind can affect a message. Once the message moves through the channel, the receiver then decodes it. The receiver uses his or her own experience and the context of the message to interpret its meaning.

  Feedback is the return message from the receiver to the sender. It is feedback that enables the sender to know whether the message was received successfully or not. Therefore it is essential to the communication process.

  This process, though very common, is fraught with potential breakdown at every turn. Spoken or written language is inherently easy to misinterpret. In conclusion, effective and successful Communication takes place when the message is successfully received and the receiver provides the sender with desirable feedback.

  1. The sender's gender also influences the message.   1  

  2. Encoding is a process that translating information into symbols which serve as the ideas or concepts of the message that will be sent later.   2  

  3. These symbols are usually words and sentences in written form.   3  

  4. Channel is not crucial for conveying the message.   4  

  5. Feedbacks enable the sender to know whether the receiver has received the message successfully or not.   5  

答案是:

正误判断题
Liu Hui and Molly are discussing the issue of educational quality at a workshop.

Liu Hui: Hi, Molly. Today's topic is educational quality. First, what does educational quality mean to you?

Molly: As far as I'm concerned, quality education means good learning standards in educational institutions. So, educational quality ensures a desirable outcome for learners.

Liu Hui: Sounds like after some serious thinking. However, many definitions of quality in education exist, testifying to the complexity and multifaceted nature of the concept.

Molly: Definitely, establishing a contextualized understanding of quality means including relevant stakeholders. Key stakeholders often hold different views and meanings of educational quality.

Liu Hui: There are many prestigious universities in the US. They all provide high-quality education. But some universities aren't known for their quality. It's hard to imagine the gap. 

Molly: Yes, in the US the quality in higher education is quite mixed. Universities like Harvard, Yale, MIT, etc., you know, are well-known all over the world. However, there are some institutions providing poor education, so called “diploma mills”. 

Liu Hui: In China, we have similar issues in educational quality. Some universities pay more attention to profits instead of quality. 

Molly: How to improve educational quality is an international issue. But, solutions are grounded in values, cultures and traditions and may be specific to a given nation as well.

Molly thinks that educational quality ensures a satisfactory outcome for learners.   1  

2. Liu Hui disagrees with Molly on the meaning of education quality.   2  

3. All universities in the U.S. offer high-quality education.   3  

4. Diploma mills cannot provide high-quality education.   4  

5. In China, there isn't any diploma mill.   5  

答案是:

This overcoat cost _______________. What's more, they are ________small for me.

very much; very 

too much; much too

much too; too much

答案是:

_______ her and then try to copy what she does.

Mind

See 

 Watch 

答案是:

– Do you think I can borrow your bike for a few hours?
– ________________________________

I'm sorry, but I really need it this afternoon.

I don't think so.

I am afraid you can.

答案是:

When Lily came home at 5 pm yesterday, her mother ______dinner in the kitchen.

cooked

was cooking

cooks

答案是:

John's father _________ mathematics in this school ever since he graduated from Harvard University.

taught

teaches

has taught

答案是:

排序题
A. Does it cost the same for every household?

B. You can pay right here, on the Internet!

C. Just go ahead.

D. We do for the live Cable TV programs.

E. Exactly, even digital boxes.

Liu Hui: Gordon, may I ask you a question?

Gordon: Hi, Liu Hui.  .

Liu Hui: Do I need to pay for a TV license if I only watch TV online in the UK?

Gordon: Yes, indeed. You need to be covered by a TV license if you watch or record programs as they're being shown on TV or live on an online TV service.

Liu Hui: Including watching TV on computers and mobile phones?

Gordon:  . It is the law.

Liu Hui: I see. How much is the license fee?

Gordon: It costs £145.50 for a color TV license and £49.00 for a black and white TV license.

Liu Hui: That's a lot of money for a year.  ?

Gordon: It costs the same for all applicants under 75. When you reach the age of 75, you may apply for a free Over 75 TV License.

Liu Hui: I see.

Gordon: Do you need such a license in China?

Liu Hui:  .

Gordon: Oh, it sounds similar. But for BBC, the license fee is the main source of income. There is no advertising on the BBC channels.

Liu Hui: By the way, where should I go to pay for my license?

Gordon:  .

Liu Hui: Well, sure! Thank you!

答案是:

– How many languages does Peter speak?
– ________________________________

With his roommates.

Five languages.

 Pretty well.

答案是:

No matter _________, the little sisters managed to round the sheep up and drive them back home safely.

it was snowing

hard it was snowing

how hard it was snowing

答案是:

Eggs, though rich in nourishments, have ________ of fat.

large number

the large number

a large amount

答案是:

排序题
A. I couldn't agree more.

B. What else?

C. Once we separate and recycle them.

D. But I have a concern.

E. That is really a great advice.

Peter: Molly, look at this. The newspaper says we should sort trash. 

Molly: That would be great! I always hate it when people mixing all the trash together.

Peter:   Many communities have already done that.

Molly: Yeah. The benefits of sorting out trash are obvious.

Peter: For instance?

Molly: If trash is sorted, it can be transferred to factories instead of the disposal plant. 

Peter: That makes sense.

Molly: With trash separated, pollution caused by incineration can be avoided. 

Peter: It is high time for us to sort out the trash. Trash is trash only when everything is mixed together.   they can be useful again. 

Molly:   Things like paper, glass, and plastics can all be recycled. They can be reused.

Peter: Sorting is good.   If people have no idea how to sort their trash, they will still put all waste in the same bag.

Molly: You are right. People should be informed about how to do that in the first place. Moreover, sorting trash should be made easy for us. Otherwise, few people would bother to do it.

Peter: I hope everything goes smoothly!

Molly: I believe it will.

答案是:

-Can you go out with us for dinner this evening?
-__________.

No, I already have plans.

Thanks a lot, but I'm busy tonight.

No, I really don't like being with you.

答案是:

– I didn't know my identity card was needed, sir.
– ________________________________

I don't believe you.

Sorry, but that's no excuse.

How dare you say that?

答案是:

Although he did not know London well, he made his way _____ to the airport.

easy enough

enough

easily enough

答案是:

Two thousand dollars ____ enough for the car.

is

are

were

答案是:

排序题
A. For many students

B. a major barrier

C. equality in access to education

D. different people

E. non-traditional students

  The National Union of Students (NUS) welcomes the news that greater numbers of black and disabled students are studying at UK universities, but there is still a lot of work to be done on widening access, writes the union's president, Gemma Tumelty.

  A recent Department of Communities and Local Government (DCLG) equalities review showed that significant numbers of potential students felt their disability was   to accessing higher education (HE). This is simply unacceptable. 

  Equality and diversity is not entirely a “numbers game” and before too much praise is given we need to hear more from   , not just about their experience of accessing higher education but also going through the system.

  Equality in society is absolutely, and fundamentally, linked to  .

   , university is the place where they will be first exposed to different cultures and  . As well as fighting for better access, the NUS wants to see diversity properly valued and promoted within the student experience. Many pay lip service to the value of diversity, but is this recognized and promoted as a core asset to those who go through the HE system?

  Equality in society can be promoted by equality and diversity at university. But the benefits of university as a positive, diverse environment must be seen by students as adding “value” as much as any other factors before the numbers game is really won by the champions of diversity.

答案是:

— I've got a bad cold today.
— _________________.

 Thank you for telling me

 Oh, dear! I hope you get better soon

It isn't serious

答案是:

The sports meeting was put off till the next week  rain.

in spite of

 so

 because of

答案是:

 I was giving a talk to a large group of peoplethe same talk I ___to half a dozen other groups before. 

was giving

am giving

had given

答案是:

选择题

  Babies who are breast-fed may be more likely to be successful in life, a new study published Tuesday suggests. The study followed more than 3,000 babies into adulthood in Brazil. The researchers found those who were breast-fed scored slightly higher in intelligence tests in their 30s, stayed in school longer and earned more money than those who were given formula(配方奶粉).

  “Breast-feeding not only has short-term benefits, but also breast-feeding has long-term benefits, ” says Bernardo Lessa Horta of the Federal University of Pelotas in Brazil, who led the study being published in The Lancet Global Health.

  Doctors have long known that breast-feeding can be good for a baby's health. This is especially true in poor countries, where water can be contaminated. For instance, a baby given formula in developing countries is 14 times more likely to die in the first six months than one who's breast-fed. In the U.S., some research has suggested that breast-feeding may raise a baby's IQ(智商)by a few points. But a recent study with siblings(兄弟姐妹)found little advantage to breast-feeding.

  Horta says these previous studies didn't follow children into adulthood to see if breast-feeding had long-term effects. So Horta analyzed data collected from 3,493 volunteers he and his colleagues have been following since birth. They are now in their 30s. First, the researchers gave the subjects IQ tests. Those who were breast-fed for 12 months or more had IQ test scores that were 3.76 points higher than those who were breast-fed for less than one month, the team found.

  When Horta and his colleagues looked at how much education the subjects had gotten and how much money they were making, they also found a clear difference: Those who were breast-fed the longest stayed in school for about an extra year and had monthly salaries that were about a third higher.

  1. From the passage, we learn that Horta  .

  A. is from Brazil
  B. conducts his research in the U.S.
  C. has 30 researchers on his team

  2. Which of the following about those who were breast-fed is NOT mentioned?
  A. They stayed longer in school
  B. They were happier
  C. They were smarter

  3. Which of the following is TRUE?

  A. Doctors don't understand the benefits of breast-feeding.
  B. Horta is concerned with water contamination in poor countries.
  C. Horta's research project lasted about 30 years

  4. The word contaminated in Paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to  .

  A. finished
  B. interested
  C. polluted

  5. Which of the following is an appropriate title for this passage?

  A. Researchers Have Pointed Out the Disadvantages of Breast-feeding
  B. Researchers Have Found Out the Shortcomings of Formula
  C. Breast-feeding Improves Chances of Success

答案是:

— You needn't do the work till after the New Year.
— _________________.

No, you needn't 

Oh, good! Thank you.

Happy New Year to you 

答案是:

This kind of material expands _________ the temperature increasing. 

to

 for    

 with  

答案是:

I want to buy a ______ wallet for him. 

 black leather small

 small black leather 

 small leather black 

答案是:

_______ tomorrow's lessons, Frank has no time to go out with his friends. 

Not preparing 

 Not having prepared 

Not to prepare

答案是:

— Is it going to be warm next week?
— _________________.

 Yes, it is 

 I don't believe it

 No, it hasn't

答案是:

 Would you like something ______________?

drink

to drink

drinking

答案是:

_______________ is the population of Paris?

How many

How much

What

答案是:

选择题  When Bill de Blasio ran for New York City mayor last year, he promised to end a controversial (有争议的), citywide cell-phone ban(禁令)in public schools, which is not equally enforced in all schools. Now, under his leadership, the city is preparing to end the ban. It will be replaced by a policy that allows phones inside schools but tells students to keep them packed away during class.

  Many schools have a rule about enforcing the ban that says, “If we don't see it, we don't know about it.” That means teachers are OK with students bringing in cell phones, as long as they stay out of sight and inside bags and pockets.

  But at the 88 city schools with metal detectors, die ban has been strictly enforced. The detectors were installed to keep weapon out of schoolsbut the scanners(扫描器)can also detect cell phones. So students at these schools must leave their phones at home or pay someone to store it for them.

  The ban was put into place in 2007 under mayor Michael Bloomberg. Ending the ban will also likely end an industry that has sprung up near dozens of the schools that enforce the ban. Workers in vans(厢式货车)that resemble food tracks store teens' cell phones and Other devices for a dollar a day,

  Critics of the ban say cell phones are important safety devices for kids during an emergency. They also say that enforcement of the ban is uneven and discriminatory. Where the ban is enforced, it puts a disadvantage on students who can't afford to pay to store their phones.

  Before putting an official end to the cell-phone ban, city education officials are working on creating a new policy. It will include rules about not using the phones during class or to cheat on tests.

  1. Which of the following is the main idea of the passage?

  A. New York City will give financial aid to poor students.
  B. New York City plans to restrict cell phone use in libraries.
  C. New York City will soon end a ban on cell phones in schools.

  2. Students pay   a day to leave their cell phones in a van parked near their school.

  A. a dollar
  B. two dollars
  C. five dollars

  3. Metal detectors were installed in 88 city schools, mainly to keep   out of schools.

  A. cell phones
  B. weapons
  C. drugs

  4. The word discriminatory in Paragraph 5 probably means  .

  A. necessary
  B. tough
  C. unfair

  5. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?

  A. After the cell-phone ban is ended, students can use their phones during class.
  B. The cell-phone ban is equally enforced in all public schools.
  C. A phone-storage industry has appeared outside the 88 metal-detector campuses.

答案是:

— What do you usually do in your spare time?
— _________________.

Reading

No, I'll never do that

Yes, it’s my favorite time

答案是:

It's bad _____ for you to smoke in the public places where smoking is not allowed.

behavior

action

manner

答案是:

— Here you are, Sir.
— _________________.

Yes, I'm here

Yes, here we are

Thank you very much

答案是:

— What does your English teacher look like?
— _________________.

She likes singing

She looks sad

She looks much like her mother

答案是:

How can he _____________ if he is not _____________?

listen; hearing

hear; listening

be listening; heard

答案是:

It is not until you have lost your health _____________ you know its value.

until

when

that

答案是:

— How long will you be away from Italy?
— _________________.

Yes, I'll be in Italy

About a month

Yes, it's a long way to Italy

答案是:

— Have you ever been to Tokyo?
— _________________.

No, I didn't go there last year

No, but I hope to go there next year

Tokyo is a busy city

答案是:

The old houses are being pulled down to ______________ a new office block.

make room for

make use of 

take the place of 

答案是:

It is no use _________to remember only grammar rules.

trying

try

to try

答案是:

选择题

Alternative Legal Billing – Win Strategies

  Hourly billing is the best way to be charged for legal services. About 95 percent of lawyers still perform their legal work on an hourly basis. If you want something better than the old “bill by the hour” deal, try presenting one of these billing structures.

Project billing for routine issues

  If your legal needs include large but repetitive tasks, consider a flat-fee approach. Once you get a project billing estimate, don't hesitate to shop around to compare prices and services with other law firms. A firm may provide a better deal if it expects future work from your company.

Results-oriented options

  “Pay-according-to-success” is one choice. It considers fees based on the outcome of the case and the performance of your counsel. Contingency fees turn the matter into a shared risk or shared encouragement, making the law firm your business partner, not just representation.

Multi-layered tasks

  If you're shopping for a firm for actual legal work involving a number of legal specialties, consider using blended hourly fees. The firm calculates in advance an “average” rate based on the anticipated time each lawyer spends on the matter.

  This arrangement helps the client to avoid paying a senior partner's hourly rate for research that should be conducted by a junior associate.

  Legal “Insurance”

  The contract fee allows the client to pick up the phone and talk to the lawyer without needing to eye the clock. This approach works like a legal insurance policy. It encourages companies to contact their counsel on non-litigation, non-crisis matters, and to save money in the long run by engaging in more preventive legal action.

  1.   is the best way to be charged for legal services.

  A. Results-oriented billing
  B. Hourly billing
  C. Flat-fee billing

  2. A flat-fee approach  .

  A. is suitable for repetitive tasks
  B. is useless
  C. is the best choice.

  3.   make the law firm share your risk and encouragement.

  A. Contract fees
  B. Blended hourly fees
  C. Contingency fees

  4. Legal work involving a number of legal specialties should consider using  .

  A. blended hourly fees
  B. insurance fees
  C. hourly fees

  5. You have to eye the clock when you talk to the lawyer when you choose  .

  A. legal “Insurance”
  B. the old “bill by the hour” deal
  C. a flat-fee approach

答案是:

– Thank you for your invitation.
– ________________________

I'll appreciate it.

It doesn't matter.

It's a pleasure.

答案是:

On average, a successful lawyer has to talk to several ________ a day.

customers

clients

guests

答案是:

选择题

  Jim Thorpe was a Native American. He was born in 1888 in an Indian Territory(印第安人保护区)that is now Oklahoma. Like most Native American children then, he liked to fish, hunt, swim, and play games outdoors. He was healthy and strong, but he had very little formal education. In 1950, Jim Thorpe was named the greatest American football player. He was also an Olympic gold medal winner. But Thorpe had many tragedies in his life.

  Jim had a twin brother who died when he was nine years old. By the time he was 16, his mother and father were also dead, Jim then went to a special school in Pennsylvania for Native American children. There, he learned to read and write and also began to play sports. Jim was poor, so he left school for two years to earn some money. During this time, he played on a baseball team. The team paid him only $15 a week. Soon he returned to school to complete his education. Jim was a star athlete (运动员) in several sports, including baseball, running, and football. He won many awards for his athletic ability, mainly for football. In many games, he scored all or most of the points for his team.

  In 1912, when Jim Thorpe was 24 years old, he became part of the U.S Olympic team. He competed in two very difficult events: the pentathlon and the decathlon. Both require great ability and strength. The pentathlon has five track and field events, including the long jump and the 1500-meter race. The decathlon has ten track and field events, with running, jumping and throwing contests.

  People thought it was impossible for an athlete to compete in both the pentathlon and the decathlon. So everyone was surprised when Thorpe won gold medals in both events. When the King of Sweden presented Thorpe with his two gold medals, he said, “Sir, you are the greatest athlete in the world.” Thorpe was a simple and honest man. He just answered, “Thanks, King.”

  1. From the passage we learn that Jim Thorpe was born in  .
  A. India
  B. Pennsylvania
  C. Oklahoma

  2. According to the passage, most American Indian children loved all the following EXCEPT  .
  A. fishing
  B. singing
  C. swimming

  3. Jim Thorpe started to play sports  .
  A. before he was 9 years old
  B. when he was 16 years old
  C. when he was 24 years old

  4. The word decathlon in paragraph 3 probably means  .
  A. jumping
  B. five track and field events
  C. ten track and field events

  5. Which of the following is NOT TRUE?
  A. In 1912, Thorpe went back to finish his college education.
  B. Thorpe won two gold medals in the 1912 Olympic Games.
  C. Thorpe once played on a baseball team for money.

答案是:

– Something went wrong with my television last night.
– ________________________________

I'm sorry to hear that.

How did you manage to do that?

It's impossible.

答案是:

_________ the War of Independence, the United States was an English colony.

Before

At

In

答案是:

Do you know the man _______ under the apple tree?

lay

lying

laying

答案是:

选择题

Liu Hui interviews Dr. Smith about the issue of educational inequality.

Liu Hui: Thank you, Dr. Smith, for agreeing to be interviewed by our Campus News Weekly. First, what do you mean by educational inequality?

Dr. Smith: Educational inequality is the disparity that certain students experience in their education as compared to other students. But the meaning of it varies in different social contexts.

Liu Hui: Why does it exist in modern society? 

Dr. Smith: Well, researchers link educational inequality to socioeconomic, racial and geographic reasons.

Liu Hui: So it is very likely that educational inequality exists in different forms in different countries. 

Dr. Smith: Yeah, you are right. For example, in the United States, although skin color is linked to other forms of inequality, it is evident in education.

Liu Hui: Educational inequality exists in China, too. For example, the college entrance rate is much higher in Beijing than in other provinces. How do you think can we someday eradicate the inequality?

Dr. Smith: It's impossible to answer such a big question in few words. Educational inequality has become one of the most important political and social issues in every nation nowadays. There have been numerous attempts at reforms and.....

Well, researchers link educational inequality to  . 

A. socioeconomic, racial and educational reasons
B. racial, economic and geographic reasons 
C. racial, socioeconomic and geographic reasons

2. According to the passage,  .
A. in the United States, skin color is linked to other forms of inequality, but not in education
B. in the United States, skin color is only linked to the form of inequality in education
C. in the United States, skin color is linked to the inequality in education

3. Educational inequality exists in  .
A. China only
B. many countries
C. all the countries

4. What does the word “eradicate” mean in the passage?  
A. get rid of
B. cope with
C. carry out

5. What's the attitude of Dr. Smith to the future of education equality?  
A. reserved
B. positive
C. negative

答案是:

— What's the matter with you?
— _________________.

 It matters with you

Not too bad

I feel a bit sick

答案是:

 Neither John  his father was able to wake up early enough to catch the morning train.

nor

or 

but 

答案是:

 Important ________ his discovery might be, it was regarded as a matter of no account in his time. 

when

until  

 as  

答案是:

选择题  Maggie Walker was born in 1867 in Richmond, Virginia. Her mother was once a slave in a rich woman's house. When Maggie was very young, a thief killed her father. Her family was impoverished, so Maggie's mother started doing laundry in her home. Maggie had to help her. She washed clothes every day, but she continued to go to school. She was a very good student, especially in math.

  After Maggie graduated from high school, she got a job as a teacher. In 1886, she married Armistead Walker. They had two sons and Maggie stayed home to care for them. She also volunteered to help a social organization called the Order of St. Luke. This organization helped African Americans take care of the sick and bury the dead. Maggie Walker loved the work of the organization. The organization believed that African Americans should take care of each other.

  Over the years, Maggie Walker had more and more responsibilities with the organization. In 1895, she suggested that St. Luke begin a program for young people. This program became very popular with schoolchildren. In 1899, Walk became Grand Secretary Treasurer of the St. Luke organization. However, because she was a woman, she received less than half the salary of the man who had the job before her.

  The Order of St. Luke had a lot of financial difficulties when Walker took over. It had a lot of unpaid bills and only 

100,000 office building and increased its staff to 55. Now Walker was ready for her next big step.

  1. Maggie's father died  .

  A. when she finished high school
  B. before she was born 
  C. when she was very young

  2. Which of the following is NOT TRUE?

  A. Maggie had two children.
  B. Maggie was once a slave. 
  C. Maggie was good at math.

  3. Which of the following is TRUE?

  A. Maggie loved to help other African Americans.
  B. Maggie was very popular with school teachers.
  C. Maggie was the founder of the Order of St. Luke.

  4. The word impoverished in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to  .

  A. difficult
  B. rich
  C. poor

  5. After Paragraph 4, the author will probably talk about Maggie's  .

  A. education
  B. next project
  C. pay

答案是:

--Did the medicine make you feel better?
--No. The more __________, ___________ I feel.

medicine I take; and the worse

medicine I take; the worse

I take medicine; the worse

答案是:

By the year 2020, China's population probably _________1.4 billion.

will be reaching

are reaching

will have reached

答案是:

All students are required to translate this poem ________English into Chinese.

with

from

on

答案是:

正误判断题  NEW YORK – The five men facing trial in the Sept. 11 attacks will plead not guilty. They would state their criticisms of U.S. foreign policy, the lawyer for one of the defendants said Sunday.

  Scott Fenstermaker, the lawyer for accused terrorist Ali Abd al-Aziz Ali, said the men would not deny their role in the 2001 attacks but “would explain what happened and why they did it.”

  Ali and four other men are accused of killing nearly 3,000 people in the nation's deadliest terrorist attack. The U.S. Justice Department announced earlier this month that they will face a civilian federal trial just blocks from the World Trade Center site.

  Ali is also known as Ammar al-Baluchi. He is a nephew of claimed 9/11 planner, Khalid Sheikh Mohammed.

  Mohammed, Ali and the others will explain “their assessment of American foreign policy,” Fenstermaker said.

  “Their assessment is negative,” he said.

  Fenstermaker met with Ali last week at the U.S. prison at Guantanamo Bay in Cuba. He has not spoken with the others. But he said the men have discussed the trial among themselves.

  Fenstermaker was first quoted in The New York Times in Sunday's editions.

  Critics of Attorney General Eric Holder decided to try the men in a New York City civilian courthouse. It has warned that the trial would provide the defendants with a propaganda platform.

  Dean Boyd, a spokesman for the Department of Justice, said Sunday that while the men may attempt to use the trial to express their views, “we believe the courts and the federal judge may govern the trial. The course of justice will be led appropriately and with minimal break, as federal courts have done in the past.”

  1. The five men thought that the U.S. foreign policy should be blamed for the 911 attack.

  2. Scott Fenstermaker is the lawyer for Ali Abd al-Aziz Ali and four other men.

  3. Nearly 3,000 people were killed in the 911 attack.

  4. The press didn't care about this civilian federal trial.

  5. We can infer from the article that the prisoners also have their freedom to express their own views in the U.S.A.

答案是:

– Good afternoon. Can I help you?
– ________________________________

I need to buy a birthday present for my son.

I don't think I need any of your help.

Yes, I think so, too.

答案是:

Professor Smith promised to look ________ my paper, that is, to read it carefully before the defence.

after

over

on

答案是:

Never before _________ see such a terrible car accident on the road!

I have

have I

did I

答案是:

– You are late. The discussion started 30 minutes ago.
– ________________________________

Well, I don't know.

I am really sorry.

Don't blame me.

答案是:

If she wants to stay thin, she must make a __________ in her diet.

change

turn

run

答案是:

The baby is hungry, but there's ________ milk in the bottle.

little

a little

few

答案是:

Nancy is ________ girl.

an eighteen-year-old

an eighteen-years-old

a eighteen-years-old

答案是:

It is said that _____ boys in your school like playing football in their spare time, though others prefer basketball. 

quite a lot

quite a few

quite a little

答案是:

 The new order means _____ overtime. 

works

to work

working

答案是:

正误判断题
Liu Hui and Molly are discussing the issue of educational quality at a workshop.

Liu Hui: Hi, Molly. Today's topic is educational quality. First, what does educational quality mean to you?

Molly: As far as I'm concerned, quality education means good learning standards in educational institutions. So, educational quality ensures a desirable outcome for learners.

Liu Hui: Sounds like after some serious thinking. However, many definitions of quality in education exist, testifying to the complexity and multifaceted nature of the concept.

Molly: Definitely, establishing a contextualized understanding of quality means including relevant stakeholders. Key stakeholders often hold different views and meanings of educational quality.

Liu Hui: There are many prestigious universities in the US. They all provide high-quality education. But some universities aren't known for their quality. It's hard to imagine the gap. 

Molly: Yes, in the US the quality in higher education is quite mixed. Universities like Harvard, Yale, MIT, etc., you know, are well-known all over the world. However, there are some institutions providing poor education, so called “diploma mills”. 

Liu Hui: In China, we have similar issues in educational quality. Some universities pay more attention to profits instead of quality. 

Molly: How to improve educational quality is an international issue. But, solutions are grounded in values, cultures and traditions and may be specific to a given nation as well.

Molly thinks that educational quality ensures a satisfactory outcome for learners.

2. Liu Hui disagrees with Molly on the meaning of education quality.

3. All universities in the U.S. offer high-quality education.

4. Diploma mills cannot provide high-quality education.

5. In China, there isn't any diploma mill.

答案是:

— How was the journey to London?
— _________________.

It went very well

It was a nine-hour 

I flew there

答案是:

__________ these honours he received a sum of money. 

Expect 

 But  

Besides 

答案是:

正误判断题  All communication begins with the sender and ends with the receiver. The sender is responsible for successful conveyance. The sender's personality, beliefs, cultural and educational background all influence the message and it is important for the sender to be aware of this as he or she is encoding the message. Simply put, encoding is translating information into symbols that represent the ideas or concepts of the message that needs sending. These symbols are usually words in written or spoken form. To ensure successful communication, the sender should know as much about his or her audience – the receiver – as possible in order to focus and support the encoding process.

  In addition to this awareness of self and encoding, the sender must choose the proper channel for conveying the message. Using the wrong channel may result in miscommunication. Like the sender, receivers are influenced by internal factors: their personality, their receptivity to the message or their relationship to the sender. Additionally, their current feelings, mood, or state of mind can affect a message. Once the message moves through the channel, the receiver then decodes it. The receiver uses his or her own experience and the context of the message to interpret its meaning.

  Feedback is the return message from the receiver to the sender. It is feedback that enables the sender to know whether the message was received successfully or not. Therefore it is essential to the communication process.

  This process, though very common, is fraught with potential breakdown at every turn. Spoken or written language is inherently easy to misinterpret. In conclusion, effective and successful Communication takes place when the message is successfully received and the receiver provides the sender with desirable feedback.

  1. The sender's gender also influences the message.

  2. Encoding is a process that translating information into symbols which serve as the ideas or concepts of the message that will be sent later.

  3. These symbols are usually words and sentences in written form.

  4. Channel is not crucial for conveying the message.

  5. Feedbacks enable the sender to know whether the receiver has received the message successfully or not.

答案是:

It's a good idea. But who's is going to _______ the plan?

carry out

get through

take in

答案是:

The wild flowers looked like a soft orange blanket ______________ the desert.

covering

covered

to cover

答案是:

It's high time that he settled down in the country and __________ a new life.

start

started

starting

答案是:

选择题

  Imagine a school that expected its students to become literate(有读写能力的) without any formal instruction. Most parents would be alarmed by such an approach, which would leave their children confused and with gaps in their understanding. This however has been the philosophy on character development in many of our schools. Why is the development of character seen as somehow different from the other skills that we teach?

  Of course there will always be learning by osmosis(耳濡目染)in any school, but as a teacher and primary school head I have found that a child's moral literacy is strengthened when they acquire the building blocks of good character such as consideration, courage and honor: qualities which are commonly known as virtue(美德).

  I personally find that exploring a virtue over a two-week period provides a simple and effective program that allows for the creative input of both teacher and student and a chance for the virtue to embed(使融入)itself. Once a lesson on a virtue such as honesty has been completed we need to allow time for children to practice this concept just as would be the case with fractions or verbs. Allowing children to role play a situation such as making up excuses to cover a mistake can be enormously interesting, and the drama can be frozen allowing the characters to be questioned about their feelings and motives. It's also a safe way for children to experience for themselves how a lie usually goes out of control.

  Our role as educators is also to look for opportunities to help our students as they attempt to strengthen their characters. When something goes wrong we guide the young person to the virtue that will prevent it from happening again. For instance, when am student thoughtlessly disturbs the calm atmosphere of the library, instead of a response such as, "that was really disrespectful and selfish of you!" we draw out from them the required virtue: "When you're walking through the library, what virtues do you need to use?"

  1. Which of the following is the main idea of this passage?

  A. Teaching morals and values has been a frequently discussed topic in the past few years.
  B. The author and his staff embed virtues into lessons and school life to encourage character development in children.
  C. Kids throughout the population face the same needs, the same challenges, and the same realities in their lives.

  2. We can infer from the first paragraph that  .

  A. there tends to be disagreement about what character education is
  B. most parents are not satisfied with the teaching methods adopted in schools
  C. the approach to character education is generally considered different from the approaches to other skills

  3. The word "philosophy" in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to  .

  A. study
  B. subject
  C. viewpoint 

  4. The author is a  .

  A. teacher
  B. librarian
  C. reporter 

  5. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage as a way to build character in children?

  A. Story readings and discussions.
  B. Osmosis.
  C. Taking every opportunity to teach character.

答案是:

— What's the weather like in this area?
— _________________.

Very well

It's rainy

Yes, it's fine

答案是:

In _____________, the northerners have a particular liking for dumplings while the southerners are fond of rice.

common

total

general

答案是:

Our house is about a mile from the railway station and there are not many houses __________

in between

far apart

among them

答案是:

Every year thousands of lives ________ in road accidents because of careless driving.

are lost

lost

have lost

答案是:

Mike is better than Peter ________ swimming. 

for

at

on

答案是:

— Sam, this is my friend, Jane.
— _________________.

 I'm Jack 

 Glad to meet you, Jane 

Glad to meet you, Sam 

答案是:

— What's the fare to the museum?
— _________________.

 Five dollars

Five o'clock

 Five miles

答案是:

正误判断
James Bush

35 West 9 Avenue

Pensacola, FL23506

P: (03) 86661234

M: 0651 222555

E: james.bush@hotmaill.com.us.

[Date]

Nick C. Brown

Hiring Manger

Saint Louis Mental Health Service

16 Mary Street

River Dale, IL 566077

Dear Mr. Brown,

  I wish to apply for the position of Social Worker as advertised on seek.com.au. Please find my resume attached.

  For almost two years I have worked as Mental Health Case Manager for Truecare and their Housing and Accommodation Support Initiative. During the time I have proven my ability to work with an interdisciplinary team, and also developed interpersonal skills and strong professional relationships with clients, including individuals, families and community groups. In my work I have acquired a thorough understanding of the Mental Health Act of 2014 in relation to social work.

  My duties have included providing psychosocial support to clients, in the form of one-on-one counselling as well as group therapy; developing and overseeing treatment plans for clients; advising family caregivers; and consulting with doctors, therapists and medical professionals. I was awarded with the New Employee Achievement Award for my work on a difficult case in 2015. My strong verbal and written communication skills have been well utilized in this role and I have also demonstrated solid organizational skills in my case management.

  I have a strong desire to make a positive difference in people's lives and I believe I would be an asset to St Paul's Hospital if given the opportunity.

  If you require more information please contact me at the phone numbers above. I am available for interviews and hope to hear from you soon.

Yours sincerely
James Bush

James has almost two-year experiences of social work.

2. James provides psychosocial support to clients, in the form of group therapy.

3. James does not give advice to family caregivers.

4. James's strong verbal and written communication skills have been well used in this position.

5. James believes he would be a valuable staff to St Paul's Hospital if given the opportunity.

答案是:

The computer system ___________suddenly while he was searching for information on the Internet.

broke down

broke out

broke up

答案是:

-These are certainly beautiful flowers. Thank you very much.
-_________.

No, nothing.

It's my pleasure.

Yes, I agree.

答案是:

 The atmosphere  certain gases mixed together in definite proportions.

 composes of

is made up

consists of 

答案是:

— Have a nice holiday, Ted.
— _________________.

Yes, you're right

 That's all right

Thank you, and you too

答案是:

Will you _____ me a favor, please?

do

make

bring 

答案是:

Two days is not enough for him to finish the work. He needs __________ day.

other

the other

a third

答案是:

正误判断题
To: Guangzhou People's Court

Plaintiff: Handcup Marketing

Domicile: No. 33, 4th Road, New York

Legal Representative: Qingguo Su

Position: Manager of Handcup Marketing

Defendant: South China Corporation

Domicile: No. 21 South Binjiang Road, Guangzhou

Legal Representative: Bai Mei

Position: Manager of the South China Corporation

CLAIMS:

  1. To order the Defendant to pay to the Plaintiff 18,000,000 RMB, including 15,000,000 RMB for the dispatched products and 3,000,000 RMB for the interest.

  2. To order the Defendant to pay for the court fees.

FACTS AND REASONS

  The defendant is the plaintiff's distributor in Southern China. From September 2010 to October 2011, the plaintiff issued all kinds of products worth 15,000,000 RMB to the defendant.see Exhibit I

  Each of the said transactions was signed and received by the defendant (see Exhibit II). Although the plaintiff had repeatedly requested, the defendant failed to pay the debt on time.

  The indebtedness arising out of the transactions between the plaintiff and the defendant shall be under the legal power of Chinese laws. The defendant refused to accept mediation. The plaintiff is now facing huge economic losses (see Exhibit III). Therefore, in accordance with relevant Chinese laws and regulations, the defendant should bear corresponding civil responsibility.

  According to Articles 106 and 112 in the PRC General Civil Law, Article 108 in the PRC Civil Procedural Law and other related laws and regulations, the plaintiff hereby files this case with the court for your adjudication.

  PlaintiffHandcup Marketing

  DateMay 14th, 2012

ATTACHMENTS

  1. One copy of the plaintiff's business license

  2. One copy of the original Certificate of the Legal Representative

  3. One copy of the original Power of Attorney

  4. Exhibit I: Invoices for each transaction

  5. Exhibit II: Receipts for each transaction

  6. Exhibit III: List of losses.

Handcup Marketing is suing South China Corporation of not paying for the transactions.

2. Qingguo Su is a lawyer.

3. The plaintiff has got well prepared before filing the lawsuit.

4. The plaintiff didn't know which laws and regulations should be applied in this case.

5. The defendant owed the plaintiff RMB 15,000,000 for the dispatched products.

答案是:

选择题  Since its founding in 1948, McDonald's has grown from a family burger(汉堡包)stand to a global fast-food chain, with more than 30,000 locations in 118 countries.

  With 58 million daily customers worldwide, McDonald's is now so ubiquitous around the globe that The Economist publishes a global ranking of currencies' purchasing power based on the prices charged at the local McDonald's, called the Big Mac Index(巨无霸指数).That's not to say that every nation carries the same menu items: choices vary widely depending on location. Some Asian locations serve fried shrimp in a Big Mac roll, while McDonald's in India doesn't serve beef at all, relying instead on burgers made from vegetables, rice and beans.

  Not everyone in the world has been happy to greet Ronald McDonald when he moves to town. Many see McDonald's as a symbol of American economic and cultural chauvinism(沙文主义), and European nations in particular have viewed American-style fast food as an insult to their national food. A French farmer, Jose Bove, became something of a national hero in 1999 after he and a group of people destroyed a McDonald's under construction to protest globalization and “bad food.” The next year, a bomb exploded in a French McDonald's, killing a 27-year-old employee. No one claimed responsibility.
But regardless of whether you like their food or their policies, McDonald's is still widely seen as one of the true pioneers of peaceful globalization.

  1. According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT TRUE?

  A. McDonald's was founded in 1948.
  B. McDonald's has opened its restaurants in every city of the world.
  C. McDonald's has over 30,000 locations in the world now.

  2. The word ubiquitous in Paragraph 2 is most likely to mean  .

  A. very crowded
  B. very clean
  C. existing everywhere

  3. From Paragraph 2, we can conclude that  .

  A. McDonald's designs its menu to suit the local people
  B. millions of young adults got their first job with McDonald's
  C. the McDonald's menu sticks to old-fashioned favorites such as the Big Mac

  4. What did Jose Bove and his people do in 1999 to protest against McDonald's?

  A. They destroyed a McDonald's under construction.
  B. They protested outside a McDonald's.
  C. They refused to go to a newly-built McDonald's.

  5. In  , an employee died in a fatal bomb attack on a McDonald's restaurant in France.

  A. 1998
  B. 1999
  C. 2000

答案是:

She has two best friends. _____of them is in the country.

All

Both

Neither

答案是:

— May I speak to Prof . Li please?
— _________________.

No, you can't

There's no Prof. Li

I'm afraid you've got the wrong number 

答案是:

How much has the company ________________ this year?

brought in

brought down

brought out

答案是:

What is the train ___________ to Birmingham?

fee

trip

fare

答案是:

Tom, what did you do with my documents? I have never seen such a ________ and disorder!

mass

mess

guess

答案是:

I don't know the park, but it's _________ to be quite beautiful. 

said

told

spoken

答案是:

The student were all entertained in a Mexican restaurant, at Professor Brian's ________

money

pay

expense

答案是:

The young actor who had been thought highly of _______ to be a great disappointment.

turned up

turned out

turned down

答案是:

The problem is not _____ so easy as you think. It's far from being settled.

hardly

almost

nearly

答案是:

There's lots of fruit _________ the tree. Our little cat is also in the tree.

in

at

on

答案是:

– Excuse me, could you tell the time?
– ________________________________

You'd better buy a watch. 

Can you see the clock?

It's three thirty by my watch.

答案是:

– Hello, may I speak to John?
– ________________________

You are wanted on the telephone.

Just a second, please.

Can I leave a message for him?

答案是:

As the bus came round the corner, it ran ________ a big tree by the roadside.

into

on

over

答案是:

Did you notice the guy _________head looked like a big potato?

who

which

whose

答案是:

Both the kids and their parents __________English, I think. I know it from their accent.

is

been

are

答案是:

选择题

  Graffiti painting is traditionally a daredevil pursuit. Teenagers dodge security guards to put their names on trains and buses. But over the past decade, graffiti has all but disappeared from Britain's cities. Between 2007 and 2012 the number of incidents of graffiti recorded by the British Transport Police fell by 63%. A survey by the Environment Ministry shows that fewer places are blighted by tags than ever. Graffiti are increasingly confined to sanctioned walls, such as the Stockwell ball courts. In time the practice may die out entirely.

  The most obvious reason for the decline in tagging and train-painting is better policing. Numerous CCTV cameras mean it is harder to get away with painting illegally. And punishments are more severe. A generational shift is apparent, too. Fewer teenagers are getting into painting walls. They prefer to play with iPads and video games. Some have gone to art school and want to make money from their paintings. The Internet means that painters can win far more attention by posting pictures online than they can by breaking into a railway yard.

  Taggers and graffiti artists mostly grew up in the 1980s and 1990s. Those men—and almost all are men—are now older and less willing to take risks. Graffiti may eventually disappear. But for now the hobby is almost respectable. The former graffiti artists paint abandoned warehouses at the weekend. It has become something to do on a Sunday afternoon—a slightly healthier alternative to sitting and watching football.

  1.Teenagers are not afraid of being caught by security guards when they put their names on trains and buses.

  2.Less tags can be found in public places nowadays.

  3.Because of better policing graffiti decreases.

  4.Some teenagers go to art school in order to learn to paint walls.

  5.Taggers and graffiti artists are still willing to take risks.

答案是:

– Would you like something to drink? What about a cup of tea?
– ________________________________

Yes, I want.

No, I wouldn't.

No, thanks.

答案是:

– Your ID card, please.
– ________________________________

Here you are.

Here are they.

Give you.

答案是:

You shouldn't ________ your time like that, Bob; you have to finish your school work tonight.

cut

do

kill

答案是:

The young lady coming over to us _______ our English teacher; the way she walks tells us that!

must be

can be

would be

答案是:

Had you come five minutes earlier, you _________ the train to Birmingham. But now you missed it.

would catch

would have caught

could catch

答案是:

正误判断题  I've been living in the country for more than 10 years. It means quietness, privacy, harmony and peace for me.

  Living in the country requires an active lifestyle. It involves activities like doing daily chores, preparing firewood for winter heating, feeding animals including pets and livestock, tending the garden, or securing fences, etc. For me, the most attractive activities are fishing, hunting and hiking. I enjoy seeing what nature has to offer everyday through a simple walk down the little trail, or a relaxing drive along the country road with patches of green grass ornamented with wildlife sightings of birds, moose, bears, deer, etc.

  Living the country life helps us appreciate some of the simpler things, things that make us feel good about ourselves and the world. It may be just a get together on a Saturday at the local farmers market, or a project or a problem that the community might pull together to help solve. I have participated in a few community projects, like dealing with out-of-control grass fires, a roof that collapsed from a large snow fall, or even helping a recent widow with fire wood for the winter. Sometimes I am surprised by how much benefit we receive from helping others and as for this community I can’t say enough.

  I really enjoy living the country life. I know it’s not for everyone, but I know it's for me.

  1. The author has lived in the countryside for more than a decade, and he/she loves living there.

  2. Living in the country is not busy at all.

  3. The author takes a walk or drives along country roads almost every day.

  4. People living in the country usually go shopping every Saturday.

  5. According to the author, nobody dislikes countryside life.

答案是:

-Excuse me, where is Dr Smith's office?
-________.

You can't ask me. I don't know, either.

Sorry, I don't know. But you can ask the man over there.

Please don't say so.

答案是:

- Good morning, sir. May I help you?
-__________.

No, I don't buy anything.

No, I don't need your help.

Yes, I need some salt.

答案是:

Harry, who had failed in the final exam, had a great worry ________ his mind.

on

in

with

答案是:

They have learned about _____in recent years.

several hundreds English words

hundreds of English words

hundred of English words

答案是:

Is the library ________ now? No, it's ______.

open; close

opening; closing

open; closed

答案是:

选择题

  It can be really frustrating (使人沮丧的) for an overweight person to go to a gym and work out with a positive attitude. All one has to do is walk by almost any nice gym and notice all the healthy, sweating, “skinny” members. Sometimes they stare at those of us who are, well, zaftig. It is easy to see the judgment behind their eyes. Who wants to put up with that?

  Many people are self-conscious of their bodies and feel isolated when joining workout classes of while exercising, especially if they are larger than most of the others in the group. Now the fitness industry is finally paying attention. Popular gyms are catering (迎合) to overweight and weight conscious customers by dedicating areas where the “skinny” people are not allowed.

  There are even gyms or programs that require members to be at least 50 pounds overweight to participate.

  Trainers recommend functional fitness as a practical goal, rather than six-pack abs(六块腹肌). They often use text messages to stay in touch with customers.

  Often at these specialized gyms, the trainers are overweight themselves, or working on their own weight goals, and this can help those people with anxiety caused by poor body image. The equipment has been designed for use by larger people. Wider seats, more cushioning, no mirrors, and tinted (有色的) windows for privacy, are all important changes.
Hopefully these types of gyms will successfully grow in numbers in the future. The idea is a very simple and potentially popular one. If it helps those of us who are bigger exercise more and improve our fitness level, it's a step in the right direction.

  1. The word zaftig in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to  .

  A. fat
  B. healthy
  C. friendly

  2. We can infer from the first two paragraphs that  .

  A. most large gym chains really don't want members to show up frequently
  B. overweight people are often frustrated and pushed away by traditional gym industry
  C. regular gyms don't accept overweight people to participate in their programs

  3. What is the training goal in the gyms catering to overweight members?

  A. To achieve functional fitness.
  B. To build six-pack abs.
  C. To look like a fitness model.

  4. As for the gyms catering to overweight members, which of the following statements is NOT TRUE?

  A. The machines are designed for larger people.
  B. Tinted windows are used to ensure extra privacy.
  C. There are large mirrors on the walls.

  5. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?

  A. Improving Women's Self-confidence through Exercises.
  B. The traditional Gym Industry Is Losing Its Customers.
  C. Specialized Gyms Designed for Overweight People.

答案是:

— Can you tell me where I can park the car?
— _________________.

 Yes, please

 It is made in America

Well, just over there

答案是:

— Could I talk to Prof. Lee?
— _________________.

Yes, speaking 

Oh, it's you

I'm waiting for you 

答案是:

Jane's dress is similar in design  her sister's.

 like 

 with

to

答案是:

Today's weather is _____worse than yesterday's.

very

much 

very much

答案是:

 With his work completed, the manager stepped back to his seat, feeling pleased ____ he was a man of action. 

which

that

What

答案是:

排序题

A. even without international links

B. Chinese students and academics

C. the crisis on economic growth

D. A strong research system

E. in part because of this  Education and academic quality can mean different things to different people, depending on their perspective, role and context and,  , quality is notoriously difficult to evaluate. The question of how to do this has been pursued for many years.

  Nevertheless, the goal of improving educational quality is agreed by all and stimulated further by the recent worldwide economic downturn and the need to counteract the impact of   and prepare for economic recovery.

  As the World Bank and UNESCO said 10 years ago: “The quality of knowledge generated within higher education institutions, and its availability to the wider economy, is becoming increasingly critical to national competitiveness.” They also rightly emphasized that “  at the national level opens up the possibility that substantial additional public benefits can be realized through international links.”

  This is precisely why   should contribute to these global benefits, reforming and improving evaluation systems for educational and academic quality. Original and good research, especially in science, economics and social sciences, has a trickle-down effect on society. And it offers additional benefits  , though international collaboration and exchange of the best evaluation policy and practice can bring substantial advantages to all partners in relation to lessons learned elsewhere.

答案是:

— What's the best way to get to the Empire Hotel from here?
— _________________.

 It's five blocks away

 Walking through the wood

It's a twenty-minute walk 

答案是:

— Can you help me clear up the mess?
— _________________.

Tell me who made it

 No problem

Yes, that'll be all right

答案是:

A police officer claimed that the young man had attempted to __________ paying his fare.

 avoid

reject

 refuse  

答案是:

The young ______ interested in pop music. 

is

 have

are

答案是:

 He is fond of playing ____ piano while his brother is interested in listening to ___ music. 

 /; the

/;/

 the; /    

答案是:

填写主题句
I. Read the passage and choose the right sub-title (A-D) for each paragraph.


A. The inexactitude of language

B. Preventing misunderstandings

C. Intercultural communication

D. Fostering respect

E. Avoiding conflicts
Para 1 

  Intercultural communication refers to messages transmitted between members of two or more different societies. Effective intercultural communication helps firms avoid conflict, prevent misunderstandings, and foster respect.

Para 2 

  The workplace is growing more diverse every day. Managers cannot assume that what they find inoffensive will also be inoffensive to their subordinates. A lack of sensitivity can lead to claims of discrimination or harassment, which costs firms big money. Intercultural communication involves exercising sensitivity and tact to avoid such conflicts.

Para 3 

  We human beings have developed language to communicate ideas to one another. Still, our language represents an imperfect form of communication. Sometimes, words cannot accurately convey an idea, because the information might be highly complex. Also, a concept that exists in one culture or language might not be part of another. Effective intercultural communication tries to bridge language gaps as effectively as possible so that everyone at the workplace finds themselves on the same page.

Para 4 

  Given the inexactitude of language, misunderstandings can frequently arise between people from different cultures when they exchange information. Idioms often become lost in translation. For example, the English expression “to shoulder responsibility” translates into Swedish as “be a man for your hat”. Intercultural communication does not rely on expressions native to a particular language that could lead to confusion; rather, it relies on clear messages that all parties understand.

Para 5 

  Communication happens differently in various cultures. What one society finds acceptable may be anathema to another. When coworkers from different cultures do not take these differences into account, not only does communication suffer but conflicts come to the fore. Effective intercultural communication does not try to ignore societal differences; rather, it respects the variations among the human race and enables people to transmit information clearly.

答案是:

— Are you on holiday here?
— _________________.

We are on holiday here, too

 We live here, too

No, we aren't. We live here 

答案是:

— Do you mind if I read the newspaper on the table?
— _________________.

Good news for you 

Go ahead, please

Yes, sure 

答案是:

Before the final examination, some students have shown ______ of tension. They even have trouble in sleeping.

anxiety

marks

signs

答案是:

As the busiest woman there, she made ______________ her duty to look after all the other people's affairs in that town.

this

that

it

答案是:

It was getting __________, he had to stop to have a rest.  

very darker

dark and dark

darker and darker

答案是:

选择题  Charity is a concept which dates back to Biblical times, when helping the poor was something that rich people basically did to make themselves feel good. Social work has its roots in charity, as it originally began around the time of the industrial revolution when there were many poor people and society was seeking a way of dealing with the poor and social problems. Although social work began as charity work, it has expanded a lot and needs to be seen from a completely different perspective.

  Modern-day social work deals not only with poverty and the subsequent problems, but also with the problems arising from various types of “social fear” (“social phobias”) and discrimination such as sexism, racism, and discrimination against an individual due to his age, or mental or physical disabilities. Social workers deal with the consequences of these discriminations as well as consequences that arise from sexual abuse, drug abuse, and various other problems.

  Social work provides an important service to society. Individuals and families in need of help are the focus of it, and are re ferred to as clients. Social workers help clients live a productive life in their own community. In order to reach this goal, they often enlist the assistance of family members, relatives, local religious leaders, and other influential members of the community. Although institutionalization may be necessary at times, it is a temporary solution. Social workers usually serve in the front line, and reach out to the clients soon after problems occur. The goal is to help clients return to normal life in a natural setting.

  1. The charity originally means to  .

  A. help the poor that makes the rich feel good.
  B. help clients return to normal life.
  C. serve the whole society.

  2. When does social work begin?

  A. around the time of the industrial revolution
  B. Biblical times
  C. modern time

  3. Modern-day social work deals with the following problems except  ?

  A. poverty
  B. racism
  C. education

  4. In order to help clients live a productive life, social workers can turn to the assistance of  .

  A. government
  B. family members
  C. businessmen

  5. Which statement about social work is NOT True?

  A. Social work roots from charity.
  B. Social work deals not only with poverty and the subsequent problems, but also with various social fear and discrimination.
  C. Social work is that the rich people want to help the poor people.

答案是:

— Would you like a tea?
— _________________.

Yes, please

I like green tea

Yes, I prefer coffee

答案是:

— So sorry to trouble you.
— _________________.

It's a pleasure

It's your fault

I don't think so

答案是:

The red flower goes from one to __________ in the class.

the other

others

another

答案是:

Have you ever visited the Summer Palace, _____ there are many beautiful halls, ridges and a huge lake?

which

that

where

答案是:

The film brought the hours back to me _________ I was taken good care of in that remote village.

when

where

that

答案是:

选择题  Respondent: Binhai People's Hospital

  Address: No 7, Binhai Road, Binhai City

  The following answer is given to Zhang Hua's claim for personal-injury compensation by the Binhai People's Hospital:

  1. The respondent does not have a direct contractual relationship with Zhang Hua. Zhang Hua had an oral contract to remove the high-voltage meter cabinet with Binhai No. 2 Construction Installation Company on June 10, 2008. He was assigned by Binhai No. 2 Construction and Installation Company and therefore has no direct contractual relationship with the respondent.

  2. Binhai No. 2 Construction and Installation Company should be responsible for compensating Zhang Hua for the following reasons. Firstly, according to PRC laws and relevant judicial interpretations, Binhai No. 2 Construction and Installation Company shall be responsible for any injury employees suffered in the contract performance. Secondly, Zhang Hua seriously violated the operational procedure in removing the high-voltage meter cabinet and failed to pay due attention thereto.

  3. The respondent shall not be responsible for compensating the injuries of Zhang Hua. According to the General Principles of the Civil Law, any person engaged in highly dangerous operations shall be responsible for compensation. In this case, the respondent entered into a contract with Binhai No. 2 Construction and Installation Company, whereby the source of high danger shifted to Binhai No. 2 Construction and Installation Company. Binhai No. 2 Construction and Installation Company became the subject of the dangerous operation, and therefore any damages caused in the contract performance by Binhai No. 2 Construction and Installation Company have no connection with the respondent.

  Therefore, Binhai People's Hospital is not liable for compensating Zhang Hua. We hereby request the court to reject the plaintiff's action according to law.

  To  Binhai City Intermediate People's Court
  Respondent: Binhai People's Court
  Date: May 10th, 2011

  1. According to the plaintiff,   should be responsible for compensating Zhang Hua.

  A. Binhai People's Hospital
  B. Binhai No. 2 Construction and Installation Company
  C. Binhai City Intermediate People's Court

  2. Zhang Hua had an oral contract with  .

  A. 2 Construction and Installation Companies
  B. Binhai No. 2 Construction and Installation Company
  C. Binhai City Intermediate People's Court

  3. The respondent stated   reasons to reject Zhang Hua's claim.
  A. 1
  B. 2
  C. 3

  4. Zhang Hua himself   bear some responsibilities.

  A. should
  B. shouldn't
  C. mustn't

  5.   was quoted by the respondent.

  A. the PRC General Civil Law
  B. the PRC Civil Procedural Law
  C. General Principles of the Civil Law

答案是:

— What time does the train leave?
— _________________.

On Tuesday

In the morning

At half past five

答案是:

— How are you feeling now?
— _________________.

Much better

It's OK

Thank you

答案是:

_____________ no need _____________ the radio as I'm used to studying with it on.

 It's; to turn down

It's; turning up

There's; turning off

答案是:

He studied hard at school when he was young, _________contributed a lot to his success.

which

therefore

what

答案是:

He would be studying at the university now if he ________the entrance examination.

passed

have passed

had passed

答案是:

选择题

  Is that 6 a.m. wokeout getting in the way of good sleep? Don't think your fat cells won't notice. A new study published in The Annals of Internal Medicine (a medical journal) finds that inadequate shut-eye has a harmful effect on fat cells, reducing their ability to respond to insulin (胰岛素) by about 30 percent. Over the long-term, this decreased response could set the stage for type-2 diabetes (a medical condition in which someone has too much sugar in his or her blood), fatty liver disease and weight gain.

  The study adds to a growing body of evidence that there' “an intimate relationship between the amount of sleep we get and our ability to maintain a good, healthy body weight,” says sleep expert Helene Emsellem, director of the Center for Sleep and Wake Disorders in Chevy Chase, Maryland. But Americans don't seem to be getting the message that we need seven to nine hours par night. More than 1 in 5 of us, according to a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, is getting six or fewer hours of sleep per night, on average.

  So how did researchers study fat cells in the Annals paper? Matthew Brady of the University of Chicago and a group of colleagues selected and persuaded seven volunteers to take part in the research project. They were all young, thin and healthy and agreed to sleep for eight nights in a sleep lab. “For four nights they were allowed to stay in bed for 8.5 hours a night,” says Brady. Then, a month later, they came back for four additional nights——but this time they were allowed just 4.5 hours of sleep per night. And after each visit, researchers got a sample of their fat. Brady explains that the fat cells responded significantly to the loss of sleep. “I was very surprised to be honest,” he says.

  Bad things can happen when fat cells become less responsive to insulin. “Fat cells are actually your friend,” he says. “They're there to store lipids (血脂).” When lipids stay inside the cells, your body can utilize the fat when you're exercising or sleeping or going about your day. “However, when fat cells stare to become insulin resistant, the lipids star to leach out of the fat cells and rise in the bloodstream,” Brady says.

  1. According to the passage, lack of sleep for a long while can probably lead to all of the following EXCEPT  .

  A. heart disease
  B. weight gain
  C. diabetes

  2. The main idea of the third paragraph is  .

  A. how to write a medical research paper
  B. how to avoid sleep loss
  C. how the research was conducted

  3. What does the “leach” in the last paragraph probably mean?

  A. Leap.
  B. Lead.
  C. Leak.

  4. Which of the following is NOT TRUE according to the passage?

  A. We will be in trouble if our fat cells become less responsive to insulin.
  B. More and more studies are done to study the link between sleep and weight.
  C. More than 20% of Americans are not getting enough sleep.

  5. Which of the following is an appropriate title for this passage?

  A. Poor Sleep May Lead to Too Much Stored Fat and Disease
  B. Sleep Experts Had Exciting Findings in a Fat Study
  C. Americans Should Have More Than Six Hours of Sleep

答案是:

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