中考英语完型填空100篇带讲解

2024年4月1321:01:36发布者:西铁半城 29 views 举报
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1

Different things usually stand for different feelings. Red, for example, is the color of fire,

heat, blood and life. People say red is an exciting and active color. They associate (使发生

联系) red with a strong feeling like

1

. Red is used for signs of

2

, such as STOP

signs and fire engines. Orange is the bright, warm color of

3

in autumn. People say

orange is a

4

color. They associate orange with happiness. Yellow is the color of

__5__. People say it is a cheerful color. They associate yellow too, with happiness. Green is

the cool color of grass in __6__. People say it is a refreshing color. In general, people __7__

two groups of colors: warm colors and cool colors. The warm colors are red, orange and

__8__. Where there are warm color and a lot of light, people usually want to be __9__.

Those who like to be with __10 _ like red. The cool colors are __11_

and blue. Where are

these colors, people are usually worried. Some scientists say that time seems to __12 _ more

slowly in a room with warm colors. They suggest that a warm color is a good __13_

for a

living room or a __14_ . People who are having a rest or are eating do not want time to pass

quickly. __15

colors are better for some offices if the people working there want time to

pass quickly.

1. A. sadness

B. anger

C. administrationD. smile

2. A. roads

B. ways

C. danger

D. places

3. A. land

B. leaves

C. grass

D. mountains

4. A. lively

B. dark

C. noisy

D. frightening

5. A. moonlight

B. light

C. sunlight

D. stars

6. A. summer

B. spring

C. autumn

D. winter

7. A. speak

B. say

C. talk about

D. tell

8. A. green

B. yellow

C. white

D. gray

9. A. calm

B. sleepy

C. active

D. helpful

10. A. the other

B. another

C. other one

D. others

11. A. black

B. green

C. golden

D. yellow

12. A. go round B. go by

C. go off

D. go along

13. A. one

B. way

C. fact

D. matter

14. A. factory

B. classroom

C. restaurant

D. hospital

15. A. Different

B. Cool

C. Warm

D. All

2

名师点评

不同颜色往往可以代表不同的心情。根据不同颜色的特点以及给人留下的感觉,颜色

的选择在日常生活中往往也起着一定的作用。本文以其中的一些颜色为例作了相关的

解释说明,是一篇知识性很强的文章。

答案简析

1 B 。根据上文的 strong feeling 可知 anger 最合乎文意。

2 C 。下文所列举的例子 STOP signs fire engines 都属于危险信号,故选择 danger

3 B 。根据常识,黄色应是秋天树叶的颜色,故应选 leaves

4 A 。下文提到人们把黄色和幸福联系起来,说明黄色是一个充满生机的颜色,故选

lively

5 C 。下文提到黄色是令人愉快的颜色,根据常识太阳光的颜色是黄色,故选 sunlight

6 B 。绿色是春季里草的颜色,故选 spring

7 C speak 后面往往接某种语言作宾语; say 后面常接说话的内容; tell 的宾语一般

是人; talk about sth. 意为谈论某事物。故 C 为正确选项。

8 B 。根据上文对 yellow 的解释。说明 yellow 也属于 warm color

9 C 。与下文喜欢冷色调的人相对应,再根据上文对各种暖色调的选择, active 合乎

文意为正确选项。

10 D others 相当于 other people 意为 别的人 another 另一个 other one 不可

单独使用, the other one 另外的一个

11 A 。四个选项中只有 black 可归纳到冷色调当中去。

12 B go around 意为 到处走动 go off 意为 离开,爆炸 go along 意为 前进,

进行 go by 意为 走过,流逝 。根据文意,应选 go by

13 B way 根据上文,暖色调的环境下时间似乎过得更慢,说明暖色调是用来装饰

居室和饭馆的好方法,故选择 way

14 C 。比较四个场所只有饭馆适合使用暖色调。

15 B 。与暖色调相对立,冷色调适用于办公室,以使人感觉时间过得比较快。

3

2

Charlie came from a poor village. His parents had __1__ money to send him to school when

he was young. The boy was very sad. Mr. King lived next to him. He found the boy __2__

and had pity on him and lent some money to him. So the boy could go to school. He studied

hard and __3__ all his lessons. When he finished middle school, the man introduced him to

his friend in the town. And he began to work.

Once Mr. King was seriously hurt in an accident. Dying, he asked Charlie to take care of his

daughter, Sharon. The young man __4__ and several years later he married the girl. He

loved her very much and tried his best to make her happy. He often bought beautiful clothes

and delicious food for her. He was good at cooking and he cooked __5__ for her. So she

became very fat and she felt it difficult to walk. And one day she found there was something

wrong with her heart. Her husband wasn’t at home and she had to go to __6__ at once. The

doctors looked her over and told her __7__ eat meat, sugar, chocolate and things like these.

She was afraid __8__ the doctor’s words and wrote all the names of the food on the paper.

When she got home, she put the list on the table and __9__. When she returned home that

afternoon, she found many kinds of food: meat, sugar and chocolate in the kitchen. Charlie

was busy __10__ there. As soon as he saw her, he said happily, “I’ve bought all the food

you like, dear!”

1. A. no

B. some

C. much

D. enough

2. A. lazy

B. clever

C. careful

D. hard

3. A. did well in B. was poor at

C. was working D. was good for

4. A. was angry B. thought hard C. agreed

D. said “No.”

5. A. a little

B. a few

C. many

D. a lot

6. A. rest

B. sleep

C. hospital

D. work

7. A. should

B. would

C. to

D. not to

8. A. to remember

B. to forget C. to catch

D. to teach

9. A. slept

B. went out C. cooked

D. ate

10. A. reading

B. seeing

C. cooking

D. writing

4

名师点评

本文讲述了查理为报答金先生生前对自己的大恩大德,在娶了金先生女儿为妻之后精

心照料她,却导致妻子营养过剩而患病去医院检查。医生列出她不能吃的食物,深爱

妻子的查理不明情况,反而照单为妻子买了上面的各种食物。

答案简析

1. A 。查理家境贫困,父母没有钱资助他上学,故选 no

2. B 。根据下文,查理不负众望,说明他聪明好学,故选 clever

3. A 。查理学习刻苦,并顺利完成了学业,说明他各门功课成绩较好,故选 did well in

D 选项介词用错,正确词组为 was good at

4. C 。根据下文查理娶了金先生女儿为妻并精心呵护她,说明查理同意了金先生的请

求,故选 agreed

5. D 。根据下文妻子胖得不能走路,说明她食物吃得多。此外食物为不可数名词,因

此只能用 a lot of 来修饰。

6. C 。心脏不好,应去医院检查,下文指出为她检查的正是医生,故选 hospital

7. D 。由于她的病是因营养过剩引起的,医生应让她不要吃肉,糖果之类的食物,故

not to

8. B 。她害怕忘了医生的指示,因此将其写在纸上,故选 to forget

9. B 。与下文相对应,这里应填 went out

10. C 。擅长烹饪的查理将菜买回之后,肯定要忙着为爱妻做饭,故 cooking 为正确答

案。

5

3

Why do I want to go to college? No one has ever asked me __1 _ a question. But many

times I have asked myself. I have __2__ a whole variety of reasons. __3__ important reason

is that I want to be a better man.

Many things make human beings different __4__ or better than or even superior to animals.

One of the most important things is __5__ . If I fail to receive higher education, my

education __6__. As I want to be a fully __7__ man, I must get a well-rounded education,

which good colleges and universities are supposed to __8__. I know one can get educated in

many ways, but colleges and universities are __9__ the best places to teach me how to

educate myself. Only when I am well-educated, will I be a better human being and __10__

fit into society.

1. A. quite

B. so

C. such

D. another

2. A. come up with

B. agreed with

C. been fed up with

D. got on well with

3. A. Most

B. The most C. More

D. Much

4. A. to

B. around

C. between

D. from

5. A. education

B. weather

C. temperature

D. science

6. A. finished

B. don’t finish

C. will not finish D. has finished

7. A. develop

B. developed

C. developing

D. experience

8. A. improve

B. graduate C. hear

D. provide

9. A. between

B. among

C. inside

D. outside

10. A. can good B. may better

C. be able to better

D. be able to best

6

名师点评

本文主要围绕 我为什么要上大学? 这一话题展开讨论,首先介绍了教育对人发展的

重要性,然后说明大学在教育中的地位,从而层次分明地解释了上大学的原因。

答案简析

1. C such 常用在不定冠词或名词前修饰可数名词或不可数名词,表示 此类的

种的 ,故 such 为正确选项。

2. A come up with 意为 提出、找出 agree with 意为 同意 be fed up with 意为 ……

厌倦 get on well with 意为 …… 相处得好 。根据文意 A 为正确选项。

3. B 。上文讲到我曾找到过各种各样的原因,其中最重要的原因应当是 …… ,因此这

里应用 important 的最高级,故选 the most

4. D 。固定结构 be different from 表示 不同于 ……”

5. A 。本段着重说明了教育在人的发展中的作用,以及大学在教育中的地位。作为总

括句,本空应填 education

6. C 。这是一个含有条件状语从句的复合句,意为 如果我不能受到更高等的教育,我

就无法完成我的学业 ,故选 will not finish 为正确选择。

7. B 。这里只能选可作定语的选项。过去分词 developed 表示 成熟的 ,为正确选项。

8. D 。大学应是提供高等教育的地方 , provide 符合文意为正确选项。

9. B 。介词 among 可表示 包括 …… 在内 为正确选项。

10. C 。与前半句相对应,这里仍应用比较级,而 may better 意思不对,因此 be able to

better 为正确选项。

7

4

Farley worked for the Canadian government. One day, he was __1__ to learn more about

wolves. Do wolves kill lots of caribou (北美驯鹿) ? Do they kill people?

They gave him lots of food and clothes and guns. Then they put him on a plane and took

him to __2__. The plane put him down and went away. There were no houses or people in

this place. But there were lots of animals and lots of wolves.

People tell terrible stories about wolves. They say wolves like to kill and eat people. Farley

remembered these stories, and he was __3__. He had his gun with him__4_.

Then one day, he saw a group of wolves. There was a mother wolf with four baby wolves. A

father wolf and another young wolf lived with them.

Farley watched these wolves every day. The mother was a very __5__ mother. She gave

milk to her babies. She gave them lessons about life. They learned how to __6__ food. The

father wolf got food for the mother. The young wolf __7__ the children. They were a nice,

happy family—wolf family! Farley did not need his __8__ any more. In a short time, he got

on well with the family. Farley watched them for five months. He learned that many stories

about the wolves were __9__. Wolves do not eat people, and they do not eat many large

animals. And he also learned bad things about men. It was men who killed many caribou

and wolves.

Later, Farley wrote a book about wolves. He wanted people to __10__ them and not to kill

them.

1. A. seen

B. told

C. heard

D. found

2. A. a small town

B. a big city C. a far place

D. a lonely village

3. A. afraid

B. happy

C. angry

D. tired

4. A. at times

B. all the time

C. once a week

D. every afternoon

5. A. bad

B. good

C. hungry

D. thirsty

6. A. cook

B. make

C. get

D. pick

7. A. shouted at B. looked into

C. laughed at

D. played with

8. A. food

B. clothes

C. gun

D. plane

9. A. not good

B. not true

C. not easy

D. not clear

10. A. grow

B. have

C. teach

D. understand

8

名师点评

狼历来被世人视为凶残的动物 , 事实是否的确如此呢?带着这一疑问, Farley 进行了实

地考察,在和狼进行了零距离的接触后 , 改变了自己的观点。本文告诉我们要学会根

据事实说话。

答案简析

B Farley 是政府工作人员。从上下文得知 , 他是被派去进行调查和研究狼的习性的,

故选 told

C 。根据下文飞机把 Farley 送到了一个没有房屋和人的地方 , 说明了这个地方不可能是

城市 , 小镇和村庄故 a far place 为正确答案。

A 。狼吃人的恐怖故事给孤身一人的 Farley 带来的应是 afraid

B 。因为 Farley 害怕 , 所以枪应始终不能离身。 all the time 意为 一直、始终

B 。根据下文的描述,狼妈妈给孩子们喂奶,对孩子们进行训练,可见是一位好妈妈,

故选 good

C 。狼只能猎取食物 , 而不能烧食物 , 生产食物。 get 合乎文意,为正确答案。

D shout at 意为 …… 大声叫喊 look into 意为 调查、观察 laugh at 意为

……” 。这三个词组都不符文意。 play with 意为 …… 一起玩耍 ,合文意为正确答

案。

C the nice happy wolf family Farley 不再害怕,因此也就不再需要枪了,故选择 gun.

B 。因为他的亲身体验与他所听到的相违背,说明以前关于狼的说法是不对的 , 故选

not true

10. D understand 意为 了解 合乎文意,为正确答案。

9

5

Many people think that Americans

1

their cars almost more than anything else. When

2__ people are fourteen years old, they want to have their __3_

cars. They don’t ask for a

car from their

4__. So many of them work in

_5_

time during their last year of high

school to buy a car. Learning to

6 _ and getting a driver’s license may be one of the most

exciting things in a young person’s life.

Some people almost

7 _ go to a doctor when they are ill. But they will __8_

their cars

to a garage as soon as they think there is a

9

. On Saturdays or Sundays some people

may

10

most of their time washing and repairing their cars.

1. A. prefer

B. love

C. drive

D. play

2. A. little

B. big

C. old

D. young

3. A. new

B. own

C. expensive

D. cheap

4. A, friends

B. teachers

C. parents

D. brothers

5. A. free

B. busy

C. study

D. good

6. A. make

B. mend

C. wash

D. drive

7. A. always

B. never

C. often

D. usually

8. A. take

B. carry

C. pull

D. lift

9. A. question

B. wrong

C. mistake

D. problem

10. A. cost

B. get

C. spend

D. use

10

名师点评

本文介绍了美国人尤其是年轻人对于轿车的厚爱,并列举了一些事例加以说明。让人

们看到了一个发达国家的富裕和人民生活的繁荣。

答案简析

1. B 。通过下文的事例不难看出美国人对汽车不是一般的喜欢,故用 love it ,较贴近文

章的意思。

2. D 。按常识,十四五岁的人应称为年轻人,故应说 young

3. B 。根据下文他们不想通过索要来获取别人的小轿车,而是想拥有自己的小汽车,

故选 own

4. C 。如果说想要索要小汽车的话,那只有先从父母亲那儿开始了,故应选 parents

5. A 。十四五岁的年轻人大多在上学,所以工作占用的应是上学期间的空隙,故应选

free

6. D 。要想获得驾照得先学开车,故应选 drive

7. B 。与下文 车子一有问题就去修理 相对应,有些人病了却从不看医生,故应选 never

8. A carry 应为 搬运 push lift 意思为 举,提起 都不合文意, take sth. to

某地,意为 …… 带到 ……”

9. D 。只能选择一个名词 , 表示汽车的 故障 , 毛病 ”, 故选 problem

10. C spend some time doing sth. 为一个固定搭配,意为 花时间干某事

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