江苏开放大学2024年春《大学英语(B)(2) 060052》过程性考核作业3参考答案

2024年4月1109:10:46发布者:国开文档专家 103 views 举报

单选题

1D-1. 理解英文句子,从四个选项中选择最佳译文。

His failure to observe the safety regulations resulted in an accident to the machinery.

A 他没有能够遵守机器操作原理,出现了事故。

B他在遵守机器安全操作规则上失败了,结果出了事故。

C他没有看清楚安全守则,结果机器出了毛病。

D因为他没有能够遵守安全规则,导致机器出了故障。

答案:D

2D-2. 理解英文句子,从四个选项中选择最佳译文。

A man cannot be really happy if what he enjoys doing is ignored by society as of no importance.

A如果一个人喜欢做事情但被社会所忽略的话,他不可能真正幸福。 

B如果一个人喜欢做的事被视为不重要而被社会所忽视,他就不可能真正感到快乐。

C一个人不可能幸福,如果社会无视他喜欢做的事情的话。

D一个人不可能幸福,如果他喜欢做那些被社会所忽视的事情的话。

答案:B

3D-3. 理解英文句子,从四个选项中选择最佳译文。

Humans will be affected by technology in many aspects of daily life, with some jobs potentially threatened by robots.

A机器人已经逐步代替人类,正在从事许多繁重枯燥的工作,并且大大地提高了生产率。

B机器人将会影响到人类生活的方方面面,并很有可能威胁到人类现在从事的许多工作。

C人类在日常生活的许多方面将会受到技术的影响,有些工作会受到机器人的潜在威胁。

D人类在日常生活中技术将会影响许多方面,有些工作会受到机器人的威胁。

答案:C

4D-4. 理解英文句子,从四个选项中选择最佳译文。

When we are not satisfied with a purchase, the vast majority of us fail to complain to the company or business in question.

A对所购的物品感到不满意时,我们绝大多数人都没有向有关公司或企业投诉。

B当我们发现收到的商品没有达到标准时,我们就会向这些公司提出全额退款。

C我们大多数人对买到的商品感到不满时,都会要求有问题的公司或企业赔偿。

D我们大多数人对买到的商品感到不满时,都会要求有关的公司或企业赔偿。

答案:A

5D-5. 理解英文句子,从四个选项中选择最佳译文。

Rents are due on the first of every month and will be considered late if not received by the 5th of the month by 5 pm.

A租金须一月一缴,最迟不超过每月5号下午5点,否则被视为违反合同。

B租金须每月第一天缴纳,如果5号下午5点前尚未收到,将被视为迟缴。

C租金须每年一次性缴纳,1月5号下午5点前须交清,否则不保证续租。

D租金须每年一次性缴纳,1月5号下午5点前须交清,否则被视为违反合同。

答案:D

6D-6. 理解英文句子,从四个选项中选择最佳译文。

Those, unaware of what is happening in society today, may be surprised to learn that few academic philosophers study death, happiness and so on.

A有些人对于社会太不了解,看到没有人研究死亡和幸福就大惊小怪。

B 那些人,不知道今天的社会发生了些什么,会吃惊地发现有些哲学家竟然在研究死亡和 幸福等。

C那些人不了解当今社会发生的事情,所以发现很少有哲学家研究死亡和幸福之类的东 西时会感到奇怪。

D那些对于现代社会正在发生什么不了解的人,可能会很吃惊地向哲学家学习来研究死 亡和幸福之类的东西。

答案:

7D-7. 理解英文句子,从四个选项中选择最佳译文。

The plan having been made, what is important to the plan-maker now is to put it into practice.

A已经制订好的计划就是最重要的,要用到实践中去。

B已经制订好的关于什么是重要的计划将被投入实践。

C计划已经制订出来了,现在对制订计划者来说,重要的是要大量练习。

D计划已经制订出来了,现在对制订计划者来说,关键是付诸实践。

答案:

8D-8. 理解英文句子,从四个选项中选择最佳译文。

Not having been discovered,many laws of nature actually exist in nature and wait for you to discover.

A人们还没有发现自然当中存在许多法则。

B还没有被发现,许多自然的法律实际上存在于自然界并等待你去发现。

C自然中存在许多规律,这一点,正等待被人发现。

D虽然还没有被人类发现,但是,许多自然规律实际上存在于自然当中并等待你去发现。

答案:

9D-9. 理解英文句子,从四个选项中选择最佳译文。

People who are not self-confident depend too much on the praise of others in order to feel good about themselves.

A人们不自信地信任别人,只为了让他们自己过得快乐。

B不自信的人通常在意他人的赞扬,为了让自己感觉好。

C缺乏自信心的人过分依赖他人的赞赏来使自己感觉良好。

D没有自信的人靠别人的怜悯来使自己感觉舒服。

答案:

10D-10. 理解英文句子,从四个选项中选择最佳译文。

You just can’t do everything on your own if you want to remain competitive and strong in a modern society.

A你自己不能做所有的事情,尽管你想在现代社会中保持竞争力和强壮。

B你不能独立做所有的事情,尽管你想在现代社会中保持竞争力和强壮。

C如果你想在现代社会中保持竞争力、保持强大,就不可能自己完成所有的事情。

D假使你想在现代社会中保持竞争力和强大,就不可能完成自己所有的事情。

答案:

听力题

1D12 听力填空题。

Directions:Based on the content in the video or listening materials of Festive China: Lantern Show, please fill in the blank parts of the following passage.

S6;L2;中华优秀传统文化;彩灯;灯会;自贡;非遗(教学素材).mp3

1Chinese people have   the beauty of lanterns for years. 

答案:

2Like a beacon that lights up the way home, it is   to admire the charm of lanterns during Lantern Festival and Mid-Autumn Festival, two festivals that celebrate reunion.

答案:

3Lantern shows are held throughout the country on such  . 

答案:

4Yuyuan Lantern Show in Shanghai and Qinhuai Lantern Show in Nanjing, East China’s Jiangsu province, are two   shows. In Northeast China, shows are held on snow and ice, where crystallized sculptures create a fairytale of light and color.

答案:

5  Chinese lanterns would not be complete without alluding to a city in Southwest China’s Sichuan province, Zigong, often hailed as the City of Lanterns.

答案:

66. The custom of enjoying lanterns on festivals began in Zigong as early as the Tang Dynasty (618-907). Most Chinese lanterns are made with wire structures and  . 

答案:

7To add to its beauty, Zigong artisans also use  , such as silk, paper, bamboo, straw, cocoon and even porcelain.

答案:

8Lantern production is now   the local economy, as most of large-scale lanterns used in festive shows are produced in Zigong. 

答案:

9The annual Zigong Lantern Show is also a major attractor for the city’s tourism. Visitors flock to Zigong to enjoy lanterns, as well as a variety of other  activities.

答案:

10The dexterous hands of Zigong craftsmen have also taken this national   abroad, staging spectacles of color and delight at lantern shows in more than 70 countries and regions worldwide.

Zigong lanterns are now a name card for their hometown, as well as their motherland.

For the Chinese, lanterns have not only lit up the night, but also illuminated hearts that long for home.

答案:

综合题

1D-Passage One

       阅读所给材料。短文后有5个问题,请从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

      Have you ever wondered how acceptable it is to hug or touch someone? While it may sound safe to avoid all physical contact so as not to offend anyone, the lack of touching might imply cold attitudes or indifference in interpersonal relationships.

      So, what should we do? The simple answer is thoroughly learn unique cultural norms for physical contact.In nonverbal communication terminology(术语), physical contact and the study of touching are generally referred to as haptics.

      Haptics in communication often suggest the level of intimacy. They are usually classified into two groups: high-contact and low-contact.

      Asia and quite surprisingly the United States, Canada, and Britain belong to low-contact cultures. People from the rest of the world such as Latin America, are considered to be in  high-contact cultures, where they tend to expect touching in social interactions and feel more comfortable with physical closeness. Despite the classification, there are more complex factors such as relational closeness, gender, age, and context that can affect how someone views physical contact.

      One common French custom of greetings is cheek-kissing, but it is mostly restricted to  friends, close acquaintances, and family members. While cheek-kissing for Latin Americans is also a universal greeting form, it does not require such a high degree of relational  closeness. However, gender matters more for them because check-kissing often only happens between women or a man and a woman but not two men.

In contrast, in certain Arabian, African, and Asian countries, men can publicly hold hands or show physical affection as signs of brotherhood or friendship while these behaviors may suggest a romantic relationship in other parts of the world. Although men's touching is more normal in  these cultures, physical contact between persons of opposite sexes who are not family members  is negatively perceived in Arabic countries.

      These factors could definitely affect the degree to which someone is comfortable with  tactile(触觉的) communication and physical intimacy. Therefore,  if you are someone who loves to show physical affection,you should not be afraid to show it or drastically change your behaviors —just ask for consent beforehand!

1What does the writer say in the first paragraph about physical contact?    

AIts role in interpersonal relationships is getting increasingly important.

BIt is becoming more acceptable to many who used to think it offensive.   

CIts absence might suggest a lack of warmth in interpersonal relationships.

DIt might prompt different responses from people of different social backgrounds

答案:

2What does physical contact in communication suggest?

AWhat social class people belong to.

BHow civilized the communicators are.

CWhat family background people come from.

DHow close the communicators' relationships are.

答案:

3What do we learn about people in high-contact cultures?

AThey are sensitive to the way people express their emotions.

BThey take touching as a cultural norm in social interactions.    

CThey attach great importance to close ties among people. 

DThey tend to be more open in interpersonal relationships.

答案:

4What do we learn about social customs in Arabian countries?

AMen can show friendship in public through physical affection.    

BNon-traditional romantic relationships are simply unacceptable.

CPhysical contact between unfamiliar people is negatively perceived.   

DPeople of different ages and genders show affection in different ways.

答案:

5What does the writer tell us to do concerning tactile communication?  

ALay emphasis on nonverbal communication.  

BLearn to use appropriate body language first.

CPay attention to the differences between genders.

DTake other people's preferences into consideration.

答案:

2D-Passage Two

       阅读所给材料。短文后有5个问题,请从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

        From climate change to the ongoing pandemic(大流行病) and beyond, the issues facing today’s world are increasingly complex and dynamic.Yet solving problems like these requires new approaches that extend  beyond traditional ways of thinking. A study led by Yale Professor of Psychology, Paul O’Keefe, found that having a growth mindset (思维倾向) of interest may spark this type of innovation.

        Professor O’Keefe established in earlier studies that people hold different beliefs about the nature of interest. Those with a growth mindset of interest tend to believe that interests can be developed and cultivated, while  those with a fixed mindset of interest tend to believe that interests are inherent (与生俱有的) and simply need to  be “found.” Building on these findings, the latest research examined how a growth mindset of interest can boost integrative thinking across the traditional disciplinary boundaries of arts and science.

        For example, in one task, research participants were instructed to create new college majors by combining  two or more existing academic arts or science programs at their university. After coding and analyzing the ideas they generated, the team found that people with a growth mindset of interest were more likely to bridge programs across the arts and science to create new majors like computational economics rather than creating majors that drew from only one of those areas,like computational chemistry.

        As Professor O’Keefe pointed out, “This research provides a useful direction for organizations whose products and services call for integrated and creative solutions. Take smartphones for example. You need not only computer science and engineering knowledge,but also an understanding of psychology and visual design  to create a better product. Employees with a growth mindset may be more likely to devise innovative ideas that bridge multiple areas of knowledge to achieve better solutions.”

        The benefits of a growth mindset of interest may also extend to those seeking employment. This is a pressing issue because many people are becoming unemployed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Having a growth mindset of interest can help job seekers expand their interests and become more adaptable to different fields,and take the initiative to learn new skills.

1What does the writer say about the world today?

AIt faces problems that are getting more varied and complicated.

BIt has done away with many of the traditional ways of thinking.  

CIt is undergoing radical and profound changes.

DIt is witnessing various types of innovations.

答案:

2What did Professor O'Keefe find in his earlier studies?

APeople's interests tend to change with age.

BPeople's interests determine their mindsets.

CPeople are divided about the nature of interest.

DPeople of different ages have different mindsets.

答案:

3What is the focus of Professor O'Keefe's recent research?

AHow boundaries can be removed between arts and science disciplines.  

BHow feasible it is to create new disciplines like computational economics.

CHow students in arts and science view the two types of mindset of interest.

DHow a growth mindset of interest can contribute to cross-disciplinary thinking.

答案:

4What does the writer want to illustrate with the example of smartphones?

AHi-tech products are needed in interdisciplinary research.

BImproved technology gives birth to highly popular products.  

CMaking innovative products needs multidisciplinary knowledge.

DHi-tech products can boost people's integrative thinking.

答案:

5What is the writer's suggestion to those who are seeking employment? 

ALearning practical skills.

BBroadening their interests.

CStaying safe in the pandemic.

DKnowing their pressing issues.

答案:

填空题

1D-11 选词填空题。阅读下面材料,其中有10个空,需从所给A---O 15个词汇中,选择最合适的1个填进空中。将答案前的正确字母填写在对应数字序号即可。

A. transplant    B. solution  C. gradually D. transport  E. elemental

F. conflict  G. continually    H. mobile   I. couples   J. agricultural

K. including    L. compromise    M. requires N. primary  O. consisting

The typical pre-industrial family not only had a good many children, but numerous other dependents as well---grandparents, uncles, aunts and cousins. Such "extended" families were suited for survival in slow paced  societies. But such families are hard to  . They are immobile. Industrialism demanded masses of workers ready and able to move off the land in pursuit of jobs, and to move again whenever necessary. Thus the extended family  shed its excess weight and the so-called "nuclear" family emerged---a stripped-down, portable family unit  only of parents and a small set of children. This new style family, far more  than the traditional extended family, became the standard model in all the industrial counties. Super-industrialism, however, the next stage of eco-technological development,  even higher mobility. Thus we may expect many among the people of the future to carry the stream lining process, a step further by remaining children, cutting the family down to its more  components, a man and a woman. Two people, perhaps with matched careers, will prove more efficient at navigating through education and social status, through job changes and geographic relocations, than the ordinarily child-cluttered family. A may be the postponement of children, rather than childlessness. Men and women today are often torn in  between a commitment to career and a commitment to children. In the future, many  will side step this problem by deferring the entire task of raising children until after retirement.

答案:

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