江苏开放大学2024年春《大学英语(D) 060108》第二次过程性考核作业参考答案

2024年4月110:09:41发布者:江开学习小虫 50 views 举报

单选题

1从选项中选出翻译最为准确的一项。

We cannot help asking if sandstorm is a pure natural phenomenon over which we have no control.

A我们禁不住要问沙尘暴是否是一种纯自然现象,而我们对它无法控制。

B如果沙尘暴是一种纯自然现象,我们不禁要问这个问题是否不能解决。

C我们不禁要问沙尘暴是否是一种人类无法控制的纯粹的自然现象。

D如果沙尘暴是一种纯自然现象,对于我们能否控制它我们也不知道。

答案:C

2But there is at least one prediction that can be made with assurance.

A但最终还是要做出一个明确的选择。

B但至少要做出一个有把握的预测。

C但至少存在一个明确的预言。

D但至少可以有把握地做出一个预言。

答案:D

3The farmer can continue to support himself and his family only if he produces a surplus.

A只要农民生产有剩余,就能养活自己和家人。

B只有生产更多的农作物,农民才能养活自己和家人。

C只有当拥有盈余时,农民才能持续地供养自己和家人。

D农民生产有剩余,只有这样,他才能养活自己和家人。

答案:C

4It must be admitted that a good deal of dissatisfaction is reflected in those report.

A它必须被承认,也就是说这些报道反应了很多不满情绪。

B必须承认,这些报道反应了很多不满情绪。

C我们必须承认,这些报道确实反应了很多潜在的不满情绪。

D这些报道反映出很多不满情绪的这个事实是应该被承认的。

答案:B

5The newspaper was ordered to pay damages to the film star for printing an untrue story about her.

A报社被勒令付给那位电影明星一笔赔偿金,因为该报刊载的一篇有关她的报道失实。

B报社在报上刊载了一篇有关她的失实报道,因此必须赔偿这位电影明星。

C因为报道失实,报社不得不弥补对这位电影明星的损害。

D这位电影明星要求损害她名誉的报社做出赔偿。

答案:A

6以下关于国画的选择题请在学习完第四单元拓展部分后完成。 

Which one is not the usual tool for traditional Chinese painting?

AXuan Paper

BBrush

CInk

DCanvas

答案:

7Who created the painting “Dwelling in the Fuchun Mountains”?

ANi Zan

BWu Zhen

CWang Meng

DHuang Gongwang

答案:

8When was the painting “Night Revels of Han Xizai” created?

ATang Dynasty

BFive Dynasties

CSong Dynasty

DYuan Dynasty

答案:

9In the “Four Great Painters”of Yuan Dynasty, who represents the highest level of landscape painting?

AHuang Gongwang

BNi Zan

CWu Zhen

DWang Meng

答案:

10Which is the most important color in the traditional Chinese paintings?

AGreen

BBlue

CInk

DGold

答案:

11以下为词汇语法单选题。

The country has already sent up three unmanned spacecraft,the most recent _____ ___ at the end of last March.

Ahas been launched

Bhaving been launched

Cbeing launched

Dto be launched

答案:

12Generally speaking,prices of daily goods _____ ___ through the Internet are lower than store prices.

Ato buy

Bare bought

Cbuying

Dbought

答案:

13I’ve worked with children before,so I knew what _____ ___ in my new job.

Aexpected

Bto expect

Cto be expected

Dexpects

答案:

14_____ ___such a heavy loss,the businessman didn’t have the courage to go on.

AHaving suffered

BSuffering

CTo suffer

DSuffered

答案:

15Taking this medicine,if_____ ___,will of course do good to his health.

Acontinued

Bto continue

Ccontinues

Dcontinuing

答案:

16The global warming is more and more serious,for which human beings _____ ___.

Aare blaming

Bare to blame

Care going to blame

Dare to be blamed

答案:

17In order to improve English,_____ ___.

AJenny’s father bought her a lot of tapes

BJenny bought a lot of tapes for herself

Ca lot of tapes were bought by Jenny

Da lot of tapes were bought by Jenny’s father

答案:

18His first book _____ ___ next month is based on a true story.

Apublished

Bto be published

Cto publish

Dbeing published

答案:

19—We didn’t find the Blacks _____ ___ the lecture. —No one had told them about _____ ___ a lecture the following day.

Aattending;there being

Bto attend;there to be

Cattended;there be

Dattend;there was

答案:

20_____ ___,John returned to school from his hometown.

AThe summer vacation being over

BThe summer vacation is over

CBecause the summer vacation over

DAfter the summer vacation being over

答案:

21Don’t take the wrong turn before you _____ _the railway station.

Ahave

Brun

Ckeep

Dreach

答案:

22_____ _our great surprise, our company has made much more profit than we expected last year.

AFor

BIn

CWith

DTo

答案:

23The unemployment rate has become much lower _____ _ the government took these measures.

Abut

Bsince

Cif

Dwhile

答案:

24The rope is not strong enough to_____ _the weight of the big case.

Aconduct

Bproduce

Cmake

Dsupport

答案:

25A new study finds out that a kid can learn without_____ _what he is doing.

Arealize

Brealized

Crealizing

Dto realize

答案:

26阅读理解六(对应以下6-1至6-5)

         Part of a research study,by scientists at McMaster university,which is ongoing into the influence of drinking milk after heavy weightlifting,has observed that milk helps exercisers burn more fat.

         The scientists took three groups of young men 18 to 30 years of age,56 in total,and put them through a strict,five­day­per­week weightlifting program over a 12­week period. Following their workouts,study participants drank either two cups of skim milk (脱脂奶),or a soy beverage with equivalent amounts of protein and energy,or a carbohydrate beverage (碳酸饮料) with an equivalent amount of energy.

          Upon the study’s conclusion,scientists observed that:the milk drinking group had lost nearly twice as much fat—two pounds—as those in the carbohydrate beverage group,who lost one pound of fat. Those drinking soy lost no fat. At the same time,the gain in muscle was much greater among the milk drinkers than either the soy or carbohydrate beverage participants.

          As published in the first stage of the study,the milk drinking group came out on top in terms of muscle gain with an estimated 40 percent or 2.5 pounds more muscle mass than the soy beverage drinkers. In addition,this group gained 63 percent or 3.3 pounds more muscle mass than the carbohydrate beverage drinkers.

         “I think the evidence is beginning to increase,”says Stuart Phillips—the leader of the study.“Milk may be best known for its calcium (钙) content in supporting bone health,but our research,and later others’,can continually support milk’s ability to aid in muscle growth and also promote body fat loss. Milk is the ideal post­workout drink for recreational exercisers and athletes alike.”

6-1 According to the study,which is the best drink for exercisers to lose weight?

AFruit juice.

BSoy beverage.

CSkim milk.

DCarbohydrate beverage.

答案:

276-2 From the passage we can learn that milk has a good effect on all of the following EXCEPT________.

Amuscle gain

Bbrain development

Cbone health

Dfat loss

答案:

286-3 According to the passage,we can know that________.

Athe scientists chose people aged 18,30 and 56 as participants of the research

Bthe weightlifting program which study participants attended was 84 days in total

Cpeople who drink milk every day are always healthier and thinner than others

Dsoy beverages are better than carbohydrate beverages for exercisers to gain muscle

答案:

296-4 What does Philips want to tell us?

AMore evidence is needed to strengthen their research.

BMilk has more calcium than soy or carbohydrate beverages.

CThe calcium in milk can also help gain muscle and lose fat.

DAthletes should be forbidden to drink other beverages except milk.

答案:

306-5 What does the passage mainly talk about?

AWhat exercisers should do to lose weight.

BHow milk influences people’s health and figure.

CThe differences between milk and soy or carbohydrate beverages.

DA research on the effect of drinking milk—gain muscle and lose fat.

答案:

31阅读理解七(对应以下7-1至7-5)

      Give yourself a test. Which way is the wind blowing? How many kinds of wildflowers can be seen from your front door? If your awareness is as sharp as it could be, you’ll have no trouble answering these questions.

      Most of us observed much more as children than we do as adults. A child’s day is filled with fascination, newness and wonder. Curiosity gave us all a natural awareness. But distinctions that were sharp to us as children become unclear; we are numb(麻木的)to new stimulation(刺激),new ideas. Relearning the art of seeing the world around us is quite simple, although it takes practice and requires breaking some bad habits.

        The first step in awakening senses is to stop predicting what we are going to see and feel before it occurs. This blocks awareness. One chilly night when I was hiking in the Rocky Mountains with some students, I mentioned that we were going to cross a mountain stream. The students began complaining about how cold it would be. We reached the stream, and they unwillingly walked ahead. They were almost knee-deep when they realized it was a hot spring. Later they all admitted they’d felt cold water at first.

        Another block to awareness is the obsession(痴迷) many of us have with naming things. I saw bird watchers who spotted a bird, immediately looked it up in field guides, and said, a “ruby-crowned kinglet” and checked it off. They no longer paid attention to the bird and never learned what it was doing.

      The pressures of “time” and “destination” are further blocks to awareness. I encountered many hikers who were headed to a distant camp-ground with just enough time to get there before dark. It seldom occurred to them to wander a bit, to take a moment to see what’s around them. I asked them what they’d seen.“ Oh, a few birds,” they said. They seemed bent on their destinations.

        Nature seems to unfold to people who watch and wait. Next time you take a walk, no matter where it is, take in all the sights, sounds and sensations. Wander in this frame of mind and you will open a new dimension to your life.

7-1 According to Paragraph 2,compared with adults, children are more_____.

Aanxious to do wonders

Bsensitive to others’ feelings

Clikely to develop unpleasant habits

Deager to explore the world around them

答案:

327-2 What idea does the author convey in Paragraph 3?

ATo avoid jumping to conclusions.

BTo stop complaining all the time.

CTo follow the teacher’s advice.

DTo admit mistakes honestly.

答案:

337-3 The bird watchers’ behavior shows that they______.

Aare very patient in their observation

Bare really fascinated by nature

Ccare only about the names of birds

Dquestion the accuracy of the field guides

答案:

347-4 Why do the hikers take no notice of the surroundings during the journey?

AThe natural beauty isn’t attractive to them.

BThey focus on arriving at the camp in time.

CThe forest in the dark is dangerous for them.

DThey are keen to see rare birds at the destination.

答案:

357-5 In the passage, the author intends to tell us we should______.

Afill our senses to feel the wonders of the world

Bget rid of some bad habits in our daily life

Copen our mind to new things and ideas

Dtry our best to protect nature

答案:

36阅读理解八(对应以下8-1至8-5)

        When I was 17,I read a magazine article about a museum called the McNay, once the home of a watercolorist named Marian McNay. She had requested the community to turn it into a museum upon her death. On a sunny Saturday, Sally and I drove over to the museum. She asked,“ Do you have the address? ”“No, but I’ll recognize it, there was a picture in the magazine.”

        “Oh, stop. There it is!”

         The museum was free. We entered, excited. A group of people sitting in the hall stopped talking and stared at us.

          “May I help you?” a man asked.“ No,” I said.“ We’re fine.” Tour guides got on my nerves. What if they talked a long time about a painting you weren’t that interested in? Sally had gone upstairs. The people in the hall seemed very nosy(爱窥探的),keeping their eyes on me with curiosity. What was their problem? I saw some nice sculptures in one room. Suddenly I sensed a man standing behind me.“ Where do you think you are?” he asked. I turned sharply.“ The McNay Art Museum!” He smiled, shaking his head.“ Sorry, the McNay is on New Braunfels Street.” “What’s this place?” I asked, still confused.“ Well, it’s our home.” My heart jolted(震颤).I raced to the staircase and called out,“ Sally! Come down immediately! ”

        “There’s some really good stuff(艺术作品)up there.” She stepped down, looking confused. I pushed her toward the front door, waving at the family,saying,“Sorry, please forgive us, you have a really nice place.” Outside, when I told Sally what happened, she covered her mouth, laughing. She couldn’t believe how long they let us look around without saying anything.

          The real McNay was splendid, but we felt nervous the whole time we were there. Van Gogh, Picasso. This time, we stayed together, in case anything else unusual happened.

          Thirty years later, a woman approached me in a public place.“ Excuse me, did you ever enter a residence, long  ago, thinking it was the McNay Museum?”

          “Yes. But how do you know? We never told anyone.”

          “That was my home. I was a teenager sitting in the hall. Before you came over, I never realized what a beautiful place I lived in. I never felt lucky before. You thought it was a museum. My feelings about my home changed after that. I’ve always wanted to thank you.”

8-1 What do we know about Marian McNay?

AShe was a painter.

BShe was a community leader.

CShe was a museum director.

DShe was a journalist.

答案:

378-2 Why did the author refuse the help from the man in the house?

AShe disliked people who were nosy.

BShe felt nervous when talking to strangers.

CShe knew more about art than the man.

DShe mistook him for a tour guide.

答案:

388-3 How did the author feel about being stared at by the people in the hall?

APuzzled.

BConcerned.

CFrightened.

DDelighted.

答案:

398-4 Why did the author describe the real McNay museum in just a few words?

AThe real museum lacked enough artwork to interest her.

BShe was too upset to spend much time at the real museum.

CThe McNay was disappointing compared with the house.

DThe event happening in the house was more significant.

答案:

408-5 What could we learn from the last paragraph?

APeople should have good taste to enjoy life.

BPeople should spend more time with their family.

CPeople tend to be blind to the beauty around them.

DPeople tend to educate teenagers at a museum.

答案:

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