江苏开放大学2024年春《大学英语(D)060108》第一次过程性考核作业参考答案

2024年3月516:59:18发布者:江开学习小虫 58 views 举报

单选题

1阅读理解一(对应以下1-1至1-5)

       Rae and Bruce Hostetler not only work very hard,they also relax just as well.Numerous vacations help  the couple to maintain their health and emotional well­being­­and it’s no surprise to health care professionals.

    “Rest,relaxation,and  stress  reduction are very  important for people’s well­being and health. This can be accomplished through daily activities,such as exercise and meditation,but vacation is an important part of this as well,” said primary care physician Natasha Withers from One Medical Group in New York. Withers lists a decreased risk of heart disease and improved reaction time as some of the benefits from taking some time off.“We also know that the mind is very powerful and can help with healing,so a rested,relaxed mind is able to help the body heal better,” said Withers.

      Psychologists confirm the value of vacations for the mind.“The impact that taking a vacation has on one’s mental health is great,” said Francine Lederer,a clinical psychologist in Los Angeles who specializes in stress and relationship management.“Most people have better life perspective and are more motivated to achieve their goals after a vacation,even if it is a 24­hour time­out.” The trips could be good for their health,good for their family and good for their businesses.

      The online travel agency Expedia conducted a survey about vacation time in 2010,and according to their data the average American earned 18 vacation days—but only used 14 of them. France topped the list,with the average worker earning 37 vacation days and using all but two of them. Americans’ responses may not be surprising in a culture where long hours on the job often are valued,but that’s not always good for the individual,the family or the employer.

     Psychologists have also found that people who don’t take enough time to relax may find it harder to relax in the future.“Without time and opportunity to do this,the nerve connections that produce feelings of calm and peacefulness become weaker,making it actually more difficult to shift into less­stressed states,” Mulhern said.

1-1 How did the author introduce the topic of the text?

ABy making comparisons.

BBy giving an example.

CBy raising questions

DBy providing data.

答案:B

21-2 According to Natasha Withers,vacations can________.

Aweaken reaction system

Bcure serious diseases

Creduce the level of well­being

Ddecrease the risk of heart disease

答案:D

31-3 Expedia’s survey shows that Americans________.

Adislike family gatherings

Bhave the shortest vacation

Cenjoy as many vacations as the French

Dthink much of spending long hours on the job

答案:D

41-4 What can be inferred from the last paragraph?

AOne should never wait to relax.

BWork and rest go against each other.

CTime and opportunity wait for no man.

DA relaxed mind determines everything.

答案:A

51-5 What is mainly talked about in the text?

AWays to relax in one’s free time.

BThe benefits of taking time off.

CDifferent opinions on holidays.

DThe Hostetlers always on the go.

答案:B

6阅读理解二(对应以下2-1至2-5)

      When you tidy your messy bedroom,it gets a lot easier to find things. Dreams may work the same way for a messy brain,helping you learn by organizing memories and ideas.

      To test how much dreams can help learning,Robert Stick gold had some students play a shape­fitting game called Tetris (俄罗斯方块) for a few hours and then go to sleep.Soon they were dreaming of falling Tetris shapes. Interestingly,the worst Tetris players had the most Tetris dreams and improved their game the most. Similar tests have shown the same results for all kinds of skills.

       As we dream,many important tasks are getting done. The brain decides what to keep and what to forget. It is connecting new experiences to older learning. In fact,the brain is learning all night long.

        Another important task of dreams may be to help us deal with emotions (情绪).At night,emotions are in the driver’s seat. People who have had an upsetting experience often dream about it afterward. Often the dream event changes somehow—another way the brain tries to make the memory less upset. So if your best friend moves away,you might dream that you’re the one who’s moving. In fact,dreams have a proven power to improve mood,and people who dream about what’s bothering them usually feel better sooner than those who don’t.

       Everybody dreams for a couple of hours every night—in the course of your life,you’ll spend about 25 years asleep and 6 years dreaming. There’s probably no single answer to the question why we dream,but there doesn’t have to be. One dream might help you remember your math facts, while another might lead to a new invention,or give you a fun,crazy story to tell your friends. It’s all in a night’s work for our busy,mysterious brains.

2-1 Robert Stickgold’s test shows that_____.

Agames are useful for memory

Bdreams can help improve skills

Cplayers stop learning in dreams

Dtasks can only be settled through dreams

答案:

72-2 We can learn from Paragraph 4 that________.

Adreams can get rid of sufferings

Bonly drivers can deal with emotions

Cone may be less upset after a dream

Ddreams can copy what one experienced

答案:

82-3 Which of the following does the author probably agree with?

ADreaming does harm to one’s mood.

BDreaming affects the quality of sleep.

CIt’s hard to find out the secrets of dreaming.

DIt’s not so important to know the cause of dreaming.

答案:

92-4 What does the text focus on?

ADreams and memories. 

BDreams and emotions.

CThe benefits of dreams.

DThe patterns of dreams.

答案:

102-5 In which part of a magazine can this text be found?

AEntertainment.

BTourism.

CScience.

DAdvertisement.

答案:

11阅读理解三(对应以下3-1至3-5)

       “Oh,you must have been a spoiled (宠坏的) kid. You must be really bossy. I wonder what you’re going to be like to deal with?” That’s often the response Angela Hult  gets when people find out she’s an only child,she told ABC News. Despite such negative (消极的) remarks,Hult has decided to have only one child herself. And she’s not alone.

         According to the US’ Office for National Statistics,women approaching the end of their childbearing years had an average of 1.9 children in 2004,compared with 3.1 for their counterparts in 1976.The percentage of one­child families in Britain had risen from 18 percent in 1972 to 26 percent in 2007.

         But even though only children are becoming increasingly common,the traditional view that they’re selfish,spoiled and lack social skills holds strong. Even parents of only children,like Hult,are made to feel guilty about having only one child. Worried that they’re being selfish and endangering their child’s future,they flock to online discussion forums seeking advice. Soon,however,they ask themselves:is this social prejudice really reasonable?

         “There have been hundreds and hundreds of research studies that show that only children are no different from their peers (同龄人),” Susan Newman,a social psychologist at Rutgers University in the US,told ABC News.

This raises another question:why are only children still viewed with such suspicion?

        “There is a belief that’s been around probably since humans first existed that to have just one child is somehow dangerous,both for you and for the continuation of your race,” Toni Falbo,a professor of educational psychology,told the Guardian.“In the past a lot of children died.You’d have had to be crazy to only have one.”

        Times,of course,have changed and infant mortality (婴儿死亡率) has largely reduced.So what do only children themselves say?

         Kayley Kravitz,a blogger for The Huffington Post,grew up as an only child and highly recommends the experience.“Being an only child taught me the most valuable skill of all:the ability to be alone,” she said.

3-1 Which of the following could be the best title for the text?

AAre only children lonely?

BAre only children common?

CAre only children dangerous?

DAre only children different?

答案:

123-2 What does Susan Newman mean?

AOnly children are as good as their peers.

BOnly children are more selfish and spoiled.

CParents feel guilty about having only one child.

DParents will endanger their only child’s future.

答案:

133-3 What is the common belief since human existed?

AThe infant death rate always stays high.

BPeople are crazy to have only one child.

CIt’s easy for only children to earn their living.

DIt’s hard to continue the family line with only one child.

答案:

143-4 An only child like Kayley________.

Amust be difficult to persuade

Bcan possibly learn to be alone

Cshould value special skills

Dneed ignore bad experience

答案:

153-5 What’s the author’s attitude towards having only one child?

ANeutral.

BNegative.

CPositive

DDoubtful.

答案:

16从选项中选出翻译最为准确的一项。

No matter how long or short the letter is, what really counts is that it' s heart-warming.

A不管信是多么长,人心是不可计数的。

B信的长短无所谓,真正可以计数的是它能温暖人心。

C信的长短无所谓,关键是它能温暖人心。

D不管信是长还是短,真正重要的是它能温暖人心。

答案:

17Compared with the developed countries, some African countries are left far behind in terms of people' s living standard.

A与发达国家相比,一些非洲国家在人民生活水平上还相差甚远。

B相比较发展过的国家,一些非洲国家的人民生活水平远远落后。

C与发达国家相比,在人民生活水平方面一些国家很落后。

D就人民生活水平而言,一些非洲国家被落在了发达国家后面。

答案:

18She bought several clothes shops and prepared to build up a chain.

A她盘下了几家服装店,并且打算再开一家新的分店。

B她买下了几家服装店,并且准备建立连锁店。

C她把几家商店的衣服都买下来了,衣服多的像链条一样挂满了屋子。

D她买下了几家服装店.并且想再买一条项链。

答案:

19It is possible that your company is facing difficulties of which we are not aware.

A可能你公司正面临一些我们不了解的困难。

B也许你公司正面临着一些我们不明白的困难。

C我们不知道你公司正面临困难是有可能的。

D有可能你公司正在面临些困难,都是我们不了解的。

答案:

20Electronic computers, which have many advantages, cannot carry out creative work and replace man.

A尽管电子计算机有许多优点,可是它不能理解创造性工作,也不能代替人类。

B有许多优点的电子计算机也不能代替人类去做创造性工作。

C电子计算机有很多缺点,既不能进行创造性工作,也不能代替人类。 

D尽管电子计算机有许多优点,可是它不能进行创造性工作.也不能代替人类。

答案:

21以下为词汇语法单选题。

With the couple_____ ___in a nearby town,the house seems pretty empty most of the time.

Awork

Bto work

Cworking

Dworked

答案:

22_____ ___to get a seat for the concert,he didn’t mind standing in a queue all night.

ADetermine

BTo be determined

CDetermined

DBeing determined

答案:

23The direct flight has proved successful,_____ ___ Taiwan another tourist destination for people on the mainland.

Amade

Bmaking

Cmake

Dmakes

答案:

24You should understand the traffic rule by now.You’ve had it _____ ___ often enough.

Aexplaining

Bto explain

Cexplain

Dexplained

答案:

25He hurried to the station,only _____ ___ that the train had left.

Ato find

Bfinding

Cfound

Dto be found

答案:

26Now that we’ve discussed our problem,are people happy with the decisions _____ ___?

Ataking

Btake

Ctaken

Dto take

答案:

27Yesterday a street­beggar bought a lottery ticket purposelessly,_____ ___him a millionaire overnight.

Amaking

Bmakes

Cto make

Dmade

答案:

28_____ ___ your composition carefully,some spelling mistakes can be avoided.

AHaving checked

BCheck

CIf you check

DTo check

答案:

29_____ ___twice a year,whether it is a car or a bus or a truck,is the rule that every driver must obey in this city.

AExamining

BExamined

CBeing examined

DHaving been examined

答案:

30Little Bob is often educated by his parents to be good and friendly to anyone even if _____ ___.

Aattacking

Bis attacked

Cto be attacked

Dattacked

答案:

31Could you show me the TV set you’d like_____ ___?

Ato have repaired

Brepairing it

Cto have it repaired

Dto repair it

答案:

32_____ ___the working efficiency,the boss allows the employees to have a coffee break.

AImproving

BTo improve

CHaving improved

DImproved

答案:

33The little boy still needs the_____ ___10 dollars to do with some things_____ ___.

Aremaining;remained to be settled

Bremaining;remaining to be settled

Cremained;remained to settle

Dremained;remaining to settle

答案:

34—I would like to buy an expensive camera. —Well.We have several models_____ ___.

Ato choose from

Bof choice

Cto be chosen

Dfor choosing

答案:

35_____ ___tomorrow’s lessons,I have no time to play with you.

ANot preparing

BNot prepared

CNot having prepared

DHaving not prepared

答案:

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