江苏开放大学2023年秋《大学英语(B)(2)060052》过程性考核作业1(实践性作业)参考答案

2023年8月2809:04:53发布者:火花 531 views 举报

单选题

1

A-1到A-30是未完成的句子,考核所学词汇与语法知识点,针对每个句子中未完成的部分有4个选项,请从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

A-1. —— Oh, dear! I’ve just broken your favorite cup.

       —— __________, It can’t be helped.

A

Never mind

B

Not at all

C

That’s fine

D

All right

答案是:

2

A-2. —— Can I help you with your luggage?

        —— __________

A

Sorry, I have no idea.

B

No, I can carry it myself.

C

Oh, that’s a good idea.   

D

Thank you, I can manage myself.

答案是:

3

A-3. For the sake of his mother’s health, he decided to move to a warmer __________.   

A

weather  

B

temperature

C

season

D

climate

答案是:

4

A-4. One of the best ways for people to keep fit is to _____ healthy eating habits.

A

raise

B

develop

C

grow

D

increase

答案是:

5

A-5. We stayed for the night at the foot of the mountain and __________ to enter the mountain area the next morning.

A

set about

B

set off

C

set up

D

set out

答案是:

6

A-6. Don’t worry me now, I will repair that bike _____.

A

by and by

B

here and there

C

back and forth

D

now and then

答案是:

7

A-7. __________ fire, all exits must be kept clear.

A

In case of  

B

In place of

C

Instead of

D

In spite of

答案是:

8

A-8. Lily is _____ girl. 

A

a eight-year-old

B

an eight-year-old

C

a eight-years-old   

D

an eight-years-old

答案是:

9

A-9. __________ a reply, he decided to write again.

A

Not receiving

B

Receiving not

C

Not having received

D

Having not received

答案是:

10

A-10. One-third of the area _____ covered with green trees. About seventy percent of the trees _____ been planted.    

A

are; have

B

is; has

C

is; have

D

are; has

答案是:

11

A-11. No sooner __________ his job in a small company than he received an offer from a joint venture enterprise.

A

did he quit

B

does he quit

C

had he quit

D

he had quit

答案是:

12

A-12. If Jimmy __________ the real situation, he would have made a different plan.

A

knows 

B

will know

C

has known

D

had known

答案是:

13

A-13. The program __________ to help students prepare for their first year at our college.

A

is designed

B

designed

C

designs

D

has designed

答案是:

14

A-14. _____ the investigation, the committee published the report on the cause of the accident.

A

Completed

B

Having completed

C

Completing

D

To have completed

答案是:

15

A-15. Since she is out of a job, Lily _____ going back to school, but she hasn’t decided yet.

A

has considered

B

has been considering

C

had considered

D

considered

答案是:

16

A-16. —— I wish you success in your career.

          —— _____.

A

OK, please. 

B

You are welcome.

C

I think so.

D

The same to you.

答案是:

17

A-17. —— Would you mind changing seat with me?

          —— __________

A

No, that’s all right.

B

Of course, I like to.

C

Yes, you can. 

D

Certainly, please do.

答案是:

18

A-18. Before the final examination, some students have shown _____ of tension. 

A

things

B

marks

C

signs

D

remarks

答案是:

19

A-19. Problems will __________ if you do it without proper guidance.

A

rise

B

arise

C

raise

D

arouse

答案是:

20

A-20. The old houses are being pulled down to _____ a new office building.

A

make room for

B

take the place of

C

supply with

D

make use of

答案是:

21

A-21. Betty has a special talent for art and is _____ of a painter.

A

something

B

anything

C

somebody

D

anybody

答案是:

22

A-22. People may have different opinions about her, but I admire her. _____, she is a great writer.

A

After all

B

As a result

C

As a whole

D

As usual

答案是:

23

A-23. When there are friendly relations between the two companies, we mean there exists a __________ relationship between them.

A

cordial 

B

hostile

C

fake

D

complicated

答案是:

24

A-24. The teacher suggested that they __________ in the assignment at once.

A

had handed

B

should have handed

C

handed

D

hand

答案是:

25

A-25. —— Take these medicines three times a day, Peter?

   —— Do I have to take them? They _____ so terrible.

A

are tasting

B

are tasted

C

taste

D

have tasted

答案是:

26

A-26. Both the boy and his friends _____ Korean, I think. I know it from their accent.

A

is

B

are

C

was

D

being

答案是:

27

A-27. The news reporters hurried to the airport, only _____ the famous film stars had left. 

A

to tell

B

to be told 

C

telling

D

told

答案是:

28

A-28. Great changes have taken place in that school. It is no longer __________ it was ten years ago, __________ it was so poorly equipped.

A

what; when

B

that; when

C

which; when

D

when; when

答案是:

29

A-29. Now that she is out of a job, Lucy _____ going back to school, but she hasn’t decided yet.

A

had considered

B

has been considering

C

considered

D

is going to consider

答案是:

30

A-30. Children under eighteen are not permitted to see such kind of books _____ bad for their mental development.

A

that is

B

that are

C

as is

D

as are

答案是:

31

阅读Passage One,回答A-31到A-35五个问题。请从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入题干空白处的最佳选项。

                                                                      Passage One

          “Stop  making  excuses  for him, Mom, ”I said.“But maybe he is feeling unwell...” Mom said.“Maybe nothing,” I interrupted. I had been tending Mom since her health began to decline and this would be the first time in a year that my husband and I had a night out together. Jerry had promised to stay with Mom. But again he let us down. And more often than not, his drinking had a lot to do with it. His irresponsibility upset me.

          I remembered our happy growing­up years in a small town in West Virginia. With good family education, Jerry had been a kind kid. He was only 15 when Dad died. Unlike him, I got over the sorrow soon, but he started drinking. Soon he began hanging out with bad guys.

        Jerry and I didn’t see each other often, but we talked on the phone. Usually, though, we ended up fighting. When Mom came to live with us, Jerry dropped in regularly at first, but after a while his visits became sporadic. He explained he couldn’t handle seeing Mom in such a bad condition. Another excuse, I thought.

         One day I went to see the doctor about my back.It had been aching for months.“I can’t find anything wrong with you physically,”the doctor said.“But I can tell you’re very tense. Is something bothering you?” I poured out my story about Jerry.“Do you think he’s likely to change?” he asked. I shrugged.“Probably not.”“But,you can, ”he said gently.

         Me? Why did I have to change? He was the one who constantly let us down.But what had I done? Maybe the doctor was right. I couldn’t love his behavior, but I could love him—the way I did when we were little. As I walked into the house I sensed a relief.

        Jerry died young due to drinking .I miss him. But I’m grateful I was given the opportunity to show him I loved him—as he was, not as I wanted him to be.

A-31.When Jerry failed to carry out his promise that night,his mother_____.

A

felt very angry

B

tried to defend him

C

was indifferent about it

D

phoned him to ask him to come back

答案是:

32

阅读A-31题干中Passage One材料,完成本题。

A-32.Jerry got into the habit of drinking mainly because_____.

A

he was influenced by bad guys

B

his mom left to live with his sister

C

nobody cared for him after his father died

D

he couldn’t get over the sadness of losing his father

答案是:

33

阅读A-31题干中Passage One材料,完成本题。

A-33.The underlined word “sporadic” in Paragraph 3 probably means “_____”.

A

occasional   

B

frequent

C

formal

D

Unpleasant

答案是:

34

阅读A-31题干中Passage One材料,完成本题。

A-34.What did the author think of the doctor’s suggestion at first?

A

It was acceptable.

B

It gave her much hope.

C

It was unreasonable.

D

It made her confused.

答案是:

35

阅读A-31题干中Passage One材料,完成本题。

A-35.What’s the main idea of the passage?

A

Love can help a person give up bad habits.

B

Too much tension will destroy a person’s health.

C

We shouldn’t expect too much of a person.

D

We should try to love a person as he is.

答案是:

36

阅读Passage Two,回答A-36到A-40四个问题。请从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入题干空白处的最佳选项。

                                                                      Passage Two

           An older friend once gave me a piece of advice, “Enjoy the last few weeks of college,” she said, “since college is the best time of your life.”

          This was not the first time I’d heard such a statement,but with graduation fast coming close, her words especially struck me. It seemed a bit disappointing to reach one’s life peak at only 22 years of age, but in her opinion,college had been one of the best times in my life so far. I made friends, took classes, and learned a great deal about myself. But I was also excited for the time after college—moving to a new city, starting a new job, and becoming a “real” person. I hoped that my great dreams were practical.

          Then, last week I read a column in Real Simple Magazine called 100 Years of Attitude, in which women 100 years or older shared their life experiences and views. I noticed that none of them considered college as the “best” time of their life. Not all of them went to college,but still in most cases their teens and twenties were not the best times of their life. They said some of their favorite times were raising their children, traveling after retirement, and even enjoying their present time and age.

           Enjoying one’s present time and age was a clear theme of the interviews. A piece of advice given by the women was about the importance of making the best of all situations. I think it more accurate than that of my friend; I can say with certainty that if I am lucky enough to make it to 100. I refuse to spend the last 80 years of my life plummeting (跌落) downhill,or even leveling off.

          I am sure that our eagerness and devotion will make us college students live a meaningful life. We will not just look backwards or miss our college days. We will look forward in excitement about continued journey uphill.

A-36.Which of the following opinions does the writer agree with?

A

College is the best time of one’s life.

B

Twenties were the best time of the old people.

C

One should make the best of all situations.

D

One should not look backwards at their college time.

答案是:

37

阅读A-36题干中Passage Two材料,完成本题。

A-37.In the second paragraph,the writer wants to say________.

A

her achievements in college would be the peak of her success

B

she is looking forward to living as a “real” person in college

C

she becomes more and more uneasy with graduation

D

she is satisfied with the college life but is hopeful for the future

答案是:

38

阅读A-36题干中Passage Two材料,完成本题。

A-38.The column the writer read is mainly about those old women’s  ________.

A

best time of life at youth   

B

life experiences and views

C

different opinions about life

D

favorite time with best friends

答案是:

39

阅读A-36题干中Passage Two材料,完成本题。

A-39.By saying “I refuse to spend the last 80 years of my life plummeting downhill,or even leveling off” (in Paragraph 4), the writer really means_____.

A

she will not spend the rest of her time at college

B

she will not just obtain a college level certificate

C

she will not be satisfied with what she has already accomplished

D

she will not be content with the life in the future

答案是:

40

阅读A-36题干中Passage Two材料,完成本题。

A-40.Which of the following words can be used to describe the writer?

A

Ambitious

B

Practical

C

Imaginative

D

Proud

答案是:

41

阅读Passage Three,回答A-41到A-45三个问题。请从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入题干空白处的最佳选项。

                                                                Passage Three

             I shall never forget the day when the earthquake took place. The time was about 5 o’clock in the afternoon and I was driving along the road to take my daughter from school. Our plan was to go swimming together. I had finished my work at 4 o’clock and then gone to the Post Office. Then I stopped off at a shop in order to get some fresh fruit. We liked to have some fruit to eat after our swim.

            I was driving along a high road on my way to my daughter’s school. Over my road was another road which was built like a bridge for cars coming to the other way. I was hungry so I put the bag of apples in the seat beside me and started to eat one.

           Suddenly I saw the cars in front of me start to move from side to side. Then my car started to shake!I didn’t know what was happening. Perhaps something had gone wrong with my car .I drove a little more slowly and then I stopped the car and at the same moment the road fell onto the car in front  of me.

            I found myself in the dark.I couldn’t move. The bottom parts of both of my legs and my feet were hurting badly and I couldn’t move them. All around me was quiet. But above me I could hear shouts and a lot of noise. Then I memorized (记起) what had happened. I had been in an earthquake.

           For about two hours nobody came.Luckily I could reach the bag of apples,so at least I had plenty to eat. Then I heard people climbing towards me. A team of people had come to see if anyone was under the broken road .I called out,“I’m here!” I heard a shout. Soon a stranger climbed to the side of the road near my car.“How are you doing?” he asked.

           “Not too bad,” I said,“But my feet and legs feel as if they’re broken.”“We’ll have you out of there just as soon as we can.” They didn’t get me out until the next morning. I had been in my car for fourteen hours.

A-41.When the earthquake took place,the writer was_____.

A

on his way to the Post Office

B

stopping off at a shop

C

doing some shopping

D

under a road built like a bridge

答案是:

42

阅读A-41题干中Passage Three材料,完成本题。

A-42.The writer’s car began to move from side to side because________.

A

there was something wrong with his car

B

he ate apples as he drove

C

an earthquake began to happen

D

he drove too fast

答案是:

43

阅读A-41题干中Passage Three材料,完成本题。

A-43.Which of the following is True according to the passage?

A

When the earthquake happened,the writer was with his daughter together.

B

The writer’s legs and feet were badly wounded in the earthquake.

C

The writer was saved as soon as the stranger climbed up the road.

D

The writer was so frightened that he forgot everything that happened around him.

答案是:

44

阅读A-41题干中Passage Three材料,完成本题。

A-44.Which of the following shows the right order of what happened to the writer?

a—A stranger climbed to the side of road near his car and asked how he was going.

b—The writer finished his work.

c—He felt his car shaking on his way to his daughter’s school.

d—He bought some fresh fruit in a shop.

e—He was saved the next morning.

f—The writer found himself in the dark.

g—He went to the Post Office.

A

b,g,d,c,f,a,e

B

b,d,c,g,f,a,e

C

d,b,c,f,g,a,e  

D

c,a,f,g,b,d,e

答案是:

45

阅读A-41题干中Passage Three材料,完成本题。

A-45.From the passage we’re sure that the writer was________.

A

a teacher of a school

B

a manager of a shop

C

a father of a girl

D

a worker of a Post Office

答案是:

46

阅读Passage Four,回答A-46到A-50三个问题。请从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入题干空白处的最佳选项。

                                                                      Passage Four

          Part of a research study, by scientists at McMaster university, which is ongoing into the influence of drinking milk after heavy weightlifting, has observed that milk helps exercisers burn more fat.

          The scientists took three groups of young men 18 to 30 years of age,56 in total, and put them through a strict, five­day­per­week weightlifting program over a 12­week period. Following their workouts, study participants drank either two cups of skim milk (脱脂奶), or a soy beverage with equivalent amounts of protein and energy, or a carbohydrate beverage (碳酸饮料) with an equivalent amount of energy.

           Upon the study’s conclusion, scientists observed that:the milk drinking group had lost nearly twice as much fat—two pounds—as those in the carbohydrate beverage group, who lost one pound of fat. Those drinking soy lost no fat. At the same time, the gain in muscle was much greater among the milk drinkers than either the soy or carbohydrate beverage participants.

           As published in the first stage of the study, the milk drinking group came out on top in terms of muscle gain with an estimated 40 percent or 2.5 pounds more muscle mass than the soy beverage drinkers. In addition, this group gained 63 percent or 3.3 pounds more muscle mass than the carbohydrate beverage drinkers.

          “I think the evidence is beginning to increase, ”says Stuart Phillips—the leader of the study.“Milk may be best known for its calcium (钙) content in supporting bone health, but our research, and later others’, can continually support milk’s ability to aid in muscle growth and also promote body fat loss. Milk is the ideal post­workout drink for recreational exercisers and athletes alike.”

A-46.According to the study, which is the best drink for exercisers to lose weight?

A

Fruit juice.

B

Soy beverage.

C

Skim milk.

D

Carbohydrate beverage.

答案是:

47

阅读A-46题干中Passage Four材料,完成本题。

A-47.From the passage we can learn that milk has a good effect on all of the following EXCEPT________.

A

muscle gain  

B

brain development

C

bone health  

D

fat loss

答案是:

48

阅读A-46题干中Passage Four材料,完成本题。

A-48.According to the passage, we can know that_____.

A

the scientists chose people aged 18,30 and 56 as participants of the research

B

the weightlifting program which study participants attended was 84 days in total

C

people who drink milk every day are always healthier and thinner than others

D

soy beverages are better than carbohydrate beverages for exercisers to gain muscle

答案是:

49

阅读A-46题干中Passage Four材料,完成本题。

A-49.What does Philips want to tell us?

A

More evidence is needed to strengthen their research.

B

Milk has more calcium than soy or carbohydrate beverages.

C

The calcium in milk can also help gain muscle and lose fat.

D

Athletes should be forbidden to drink other beverages except milk.

答案是:

50

阅读A-46题干中Passage Four材料,完成本题。

A-50.What does the passage mainly talk about?

A

What exercisers should do to lose weight.

B

How milk influences people’s health and figure.

C

The differences between milk and soy or carbohydrate beverages.

D

A research on the effect of drinking milk—gain muscle and lose fat.

答案是:

51

A-51至A-60为完型填空题,阅读材料中共包含10个未完成的句子,针对每个句子中空缺部分有4个选项,请从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

        Food is very important. Everyone needs to  A-51 well if he or she wants to have a strong body. Our minds also need a kind of food. This kind of food is A-52. We begin to get knowledge even A-53  we are very young. Small children are  A-54    in everything around them. They learn A-55  while they are watching and listening. When they are getting older, they begin to   A-56   story books, science books…, anything they like. When they find something new, they love to ask questions and   A-57   to find out answers. What is the best     A-58   to get knowledge? If we learn by ourselves, we will get  A-59   knowledge. If we are  A-60  getting answers from others and do not ask why, we will never learn well. When we study in the right way, we will learn more and understand better.

A-51. Which one is the best to fill in the blank

A

sleep

B

read

C

drink

D

eat

答案是:

52

阅读A-51题干中材料,完成本题。

A-52. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A

sport

B

exercise

C

knowledge

D

meat

答案是:

53

阅读A-51题干中材料,完成本题。

A-53. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A

until 

B

when

C

after

D

so

答案是:

54

阅读A-51题干中材料,完成本题。

A-54. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A

interested 

B

interesting

C

weak

D

better

答案是:

55

阅读A-51题干中材料,完成本题。

A-55. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A

everything

B

something

C

nothing

D

anything

答案是:

56

阅读A-51题干中材料,完成本题。

A-56. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A

lend

B

read

C

learn

D

write

答案是:

57

阅读A-51题干中材料,完成本题。

A-57. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A

try

B

have  

C

refuse

D

wait

答案是:

58

阅读A-51题干中材料,完成本题。

A-58. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A

place

B

school

C

way

D

road

答案是:

59

阅读A-51题干中材料,完成本题。

A-59. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A

little

B

few

C

many

D

the most

答案是:

60

阅读A-51题干中材料,完成本题。

A-60. Which one is the best to fill in the blank?

A

often

B

always

C

usually

D

something 

答案是:

61

A-61 选出下列句子最佳译文。                                                                                                                        We welcome anybody who is willing to offer their skills to assist us in all areas of our work.

A

我们欢迎每一位有专业特长的人,这样能在工作的各领域帮助我们。

B

我们欢迎你们加入这充满活力的团队,期望我们互相学习共同提高。

C

我们欢迎任何愿意提供技能的人,在我们工作的所有领域协助我们。

答案是:

62

A-62 选出下列句子最佳译文。

For those who want to pursue a career in computer programming, this article gives some tips on how to succeed in the field.

A

这篇文章回顾了计算机编程行业的历史发展,并且预测了这个行业未来几年发展的一些方向。

B

对于那些希望从事计算机编程职业的人来说,此文章给了一些如何在该领域取得成功的建议。

C

这篇文章提出了许多实用的建议,对那些希望在计算机编程领域有所成就的人来说颇有帮助。

答案是:

63

A-63 选出下列句子最佳译文。 

One of the main advantages of having an online business is that you break the physical barriers.

A

企业开展在线业务的好处是能打破距离上的障碍。

B

互联网行业借助其技术的优势获得了迅猛的发展。

C

拥有在线业务的一个主要优势是打破了物理障碍。

答案是:

64

A-64 选出下列句子最佳译文。 

Not only do these small businesses provide the success stories of the future, but they also meet the needs of the local people.

A

这些小企业不仅提供了未来的成功故事,而且还满足了当地人民的需求。

B

这些小企业不仅仅发展迅速,而且还具有了显明的地方文化和民族特色。

C

这些小企业不仅仅是未来经济发展的主要力量,而且还满足地方的需求。

答案是:

65

A-65 选出下列句子最佳译文。 

Please keep in mind that your job is to help your customers get the most out of their purchase.

A

请记住,你的工作是帮助你的客户从购买中获得最大收益。

B

请你务必记住,帮助客户在购物中获益也是你的工作之一。

C

不要忘记,你的岗位职责就是为顾客提供一流的售后服务。

答案是:


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